Mythology & Beliefs: Fortuna
In Greek and Roman Mythology, Fortuna was the Roman goddess of fortune.
Fortuna in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
the goddess of chance or good luck, was worshipped both in
Greece and Italy, and more particularly at Rome, where she
was considered as the steady goddess of good luck, success,
and every kind of prosperity. The great confidence which the
Romans placed in her is expressed in the story related by
Plutarch (de Fortitud. Rom. 4), that on entering Rome she
put off her wings and shoes, and threw away the globe, as
she intended to take up her permanent abode among the
Romans. Her worship is traced to the reign of Ancus Martius
and Servius Tullius, and the latter is said to have built
two temples to her, the one in the forum boarium, and the
other on the banks of the Tiber. (Plut. l.c. 5, 10; Dionys.
A. R. 4.27; Liv. 10.46 ; Ov. Fast. 6.570.) The Romans
mention her with a variety of surnames and epithets, as
publica, privata, muliebris (said to have originated at the
time when Coriolanus was prevented by the entreaties of the
women from destroying Rome, Plut. l.c.), regina,
conservatrix, primigenia, virilis, &c. Fortuna Virginensis
was worshipped by newlymarried women, who dedicated their
maiden garments and girdle in her temple. (Arnob. 2.67 ;
Augustin. de Civ. Dci, 4.11.) Ovid (Fast iv. 145) tells us
that Fortuna Virilis was worshipped by women, who prayed to
her that she might preserve their charms, and thus enable
them to please their husbands. Her surnames, in general,
express either particular kinds of good luck or the persons
or classes of persons to whom she granted it. Her worship
was of great importance also at Antium and Praeneste, where
her sortes or oracles were very celebrated. (Dict. of Ant.
s. v. Oraculum; Hartung, die Relig. d. Röm. vol. ii. p. 233,
&c. Comp. TYCHE.) - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman
biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.
Fortuna in Wikipedia
Fortuna (equivalent to the Greek goddess Tyche) was the
goddess of fortune and personification of luck in Roman
religion. She might bring good luck or bad: she could be
represented as veiled and blind, as in modern depictions of
Justice, and came to represent life's capriciousness. She was
also a goddess of fate: as Atrox Fortuna, she claimed the
young lives of the princeps Augustus' grandsons Gaius and
Lucius, prospective heirs to the Empire.
Her father was said to be Jupiter and like him, she could also
be bountiful (Copia). As Annonaria she protected grain
supplies. June 11 was sacred to her: on June 24 she was given
cult at the festival of Fors Fortuna....
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