Mythology & Beliefs: Cronus (Saturn)
In Greek and Roman Mythology, Cronus (Saturn) was a Titan; god of harvests; son of Uranus and Gaea; dethroned by
his son Zeus.
Cronus in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
（*Kro/nos), a son of Uranus and Ge, and the youngest among
the Titans. He was married to Rhea, by whom he became the
father of Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus.
Cheiron is also called a son of Cronus. (Hesiod. Theog. 137,
452, &c.; Apollod. 1.1.3, &c.) At the instigation of his
mother, Cronus unmanned his father for having thrown the
Cyclopes, who were likewise his children by Ge, into Tartarus.
Out of the blood thus shed sprang up the Erinnyes. When the
Cyclopes were delivered from Tartarus, the government of the
world was taken from Uranus and given to Cronus, who in his
turn lost it through Zeus, as was predicted to him by Ge and
Uranus. [ZEUS.] The Romans identified their Saturnus with the
Cronus of the Greeks. [SATURNUS.] - A Dictionary of Greek and
Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.
Cronus in Wikipedia
Cronus or Kronos (Ancient Greek Κρόνος, Krˇnos) was the
leader and the youngest of the first generation of Titans,
divine descendants of Gaia, the earth, and Uranus, the sky. He
overthrew his father and ruled during the mythological Golden
Age, until he was overthrown by his own sons, Zeus, Hades, and
Poseidon, and imprisoned in Tartarus.
Cronus was usually depicted with a sickle, which was also the
weapon he used to castrate and depose Uranus, his father. In
Athens, on the twelfth day of the Attic month of Hekatombaion,
a festival called Kronia was held in honor of Cronus to
celebrate the harvest, suggesting that, as a result of his
association with the virtuous Golden Age, Cronus continued to
preside as a patron of harvest. Cronus was also identified in
classical antiquity with the Roman deity Saturn...
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