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April 24    Scripture

Mythology & Beliefs: Chimera
In Greek and Roman Mythology, Chimera was a female monster with head of lion, body of goat, tail of serpent; killed by Bellerophon.

Chimaera in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (*Xi/maira), a fire-breathing monster, which, according to the Homeric poems, was of divine origin. She was brought up by Amisodarus, king of Caria, and afterwards made great havoc in all the country around and among men. The fore part of her body was that of a lion, and the hind part that of a dragon, while the middle was that of a goat. (Hom. Il. 6.180, 16.328 ; comp. Ov. Met. 9.646.) According to Hesiod (Hes. Th. 319, &c.), she was a daughter of Typhaon and Echidna, and had three heads, one of each of the three animals before mentioned, whence she is called τρικέφαλος or τρισώματος. (Eustath. ad Hom. p. 634; Eur. Ion 203, &c.; Apollod. 1.9.3, 2.3.1.) She was killed by Bellerophon, and Virgil (Aen. 6.288) places her together with other monsters at the entrance of Orcus. The origin of the notion of this fire-breathing monster must probably be sought for in the volcano of the name of Chimaera near Phaselis, in Lycia (Plin. Nat. 2.106, 5.27; Mela. 1.15), or in the volcanic valley near the Cragus (Strab. xiv. p.665, &c.), which is described as the scene of the events connected with the Chimaera. In the works of art recently discovered in Lycia, we find several representations of the Chimaera in the simple form of a species of lion still occurring in that country. - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3atext%3a1999.04.0104


Chimera in Wikipedia The Chimera or Chimaera (Greek: Χίμαιρα, Khimaira, from χίμαρος, khimaros, "he-goat", and χεῖμα, "winter, tempest") was, according to Greek mythology, a monstrous fire-breathing female creature of Lycia in Asia Minor, composed of the parts of multiple animals: upon the body of a male lion with a tail that ended in a snake's head, the head of a goat arose on her back at the center of her spine. The Chimera was one of the offspring of Typhon and Echidna and a sibling of such monsters as Cerberus and the Lernaean Hydra. The term chimera has also come to mean, more generally, an impossible or foolish fantasy, hard to believe...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chimera_(mythology)


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