Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online

Bible History Online

Sub Categories
1. Previous List
Achelous
Acheron
Achilles
Actaeon
Admetus
Adonis
Aeacus
Aeëtes
Aegeus
Aegisthus
Aegyptus
Aeneas
Aeolus
Aesculapius
Aeson
Aether
Aethra
Agamemnon
Aglaia
Ajax
Alcestis
Alcmene
Alcyone
Alecto
Alectryon
Althaea
Amazons
Amor
Amphion
Amphitrite
Amphitryon
Anchises
Ancile
Andraemon
Andromache
Andromeda
Anteia
Anteros
Antigone
Antinoüs
Aphrodite (Venus)
Apollo
Aquilo
Arachne
Ares (Mars)
Argo
Argus
Ariadne
Arion
Artemis (Diana)
Asclepius (Aesculapius)
Astarte
Asterope
Astraea
Atalanta
Athena (Minerva)
Atlas
Atreus
Atropos
Aurora
Auster
Avernus
Bacchus
Bellerophon
Bellona
Boreas
Briareus
Briseis
Cadmus
Calliope
Calypso
Cassandra
Castor
Celaeno
Centaurs
Cephalus
Cepheus
Cerberus
Ceres
Chaos
Charon
Charybdis
Chimera
Chiron
Chronos
Chryseis
Circe
Clio
Clotho
Clytemnestra
Cocytus
Creon
Creusa
Creüsa
Cronus (Saturn)
Cupid
Cybele
Cyclopes
Daedalus
Danae
Danaïdes
Danaüs
Daphne
Decuma
Deino
Demeter (Ceres)
Diana
Dido
Diomedes
Diomedes
Dione
Dionysus (Bacchus)
Dioscuri
Dis
Dryads
Dryope
Echo
Electra
Electra
Elysium
Endymion
Enyo
Eos (Aurora)
Epimetheus
Erato
Erebus
Erinyes
Eris
Eros (Amor or Cupid)
Eteocles
Eumenides
Euphrosyne
Europa
Eurus
Euryale
Eurydice
Eurystheus
Euterpe
Fates
Fauns
Faunus
Favonius
Flora
Fortuna
Furies
Gaea
Galatea
Galatea
Ganymede
Glaucus
Golden Fleece
Gorgons
Graces
Graeae
Greek Mythology
Hades (Dis)
Haemon
Hamadryads
Harpies
Hebe (Juventas)
Hecate
Hector
Hecuba
Helen
Heliades
Helios (Sol)
Helle
Hephaestus (Vulcan)
Hera (Juno)
Hercules
Hermes (Mercury)
Hero
Hesperus
Hestia (Vesta)
Hippolyte
Hippolytus
Hippomenes
Hyacinthus
Hydra
Hygeia
Hymen
Hyperion
Hypermnestra
Hypnos (Somnus)
Iapetus
Icarus
Io
Iobates
Iphigenia
Iris
Ismene
Iulus
Ixion
Janus
Jason
Jocasta
Juno
Jupiter
Juventas
Lachesis
Laius
Laocoön
Lares
Latona
Lavinia
Leander
Leda
Lethe
Leto (Latona)
Lucina
Lynceus
Maia
Maia
Manes
Mars
Marsyas
Medea
Medusa
Megaera
Meleager
Melpomene
Memnon
Menelaus
Mentor
Mercury
Merope
Mezentius
Midas
Minerva
Minos
Minotaur
Mnemosyne
Moirae
Momus
Morpheus
Mors
Morta
Muses
Naiads
Napaeae
Narcissus
Nemesis
Neoptolemus
Neptune
Nereids
Nestor
Nike
Niobe
Nona
Notus
Nox
Nymphs
Nyx (Nox)
Oceanids
Oceanus
Odysseus (Ulysses)
Oedipus
Oenone
Ops
Oreads
Orestes
Orion
Orpheus
Pales
Palinurus
Pan (Faunus)
Pandora
Parcae
Paris
Patroclus
Pegasus
Pelias
Pelops
Penates
Penelope
Pephredo
Periphetes
Persephone (Proserpine)
Perseus
Phaedra
Phaethon
Philoctetes
Phineus
Phlegethon
Phosphor
Phrixos
Pirithous
Pleiades
Pluto (Dis)
Plutus
Pollux
Polyhymnia
Polymnia (Polyhymnia)
Polynices
Polyphemus
Polyxena
Pomona
Pontus
Poseidon (Neptune)
Priam
Priapus
Procris
Procrustes
Proetus
Prometheus
Proserpine
Proteus
Psyche
Pygmalion
Pyramus
Python
Quirinus
Remus
Rhadamanthus
Rhea (Ops)
Rivers of Underworld
Romulus
Sarpedon
Saturn
Satyrs
Sciron
Scylla
Selene
Semele
Sibyls
Sileni
Silvanus
Sinis
Sirens
Sisyphus
Sol
Somnus
Sphinx
Sterope (Asterope)
Stheno
Styx
Symplegades
Syrinx
Tantalus
Tartarus
Taygete
Telemachus
Tellus
Terminus
Terpsichore
Terra
Thalia
Thanatos (Mors)
Themis
Theseus
Thisbe
Thyestes
Tiresias
Tisiphone
Titans
Tithonus
Triton
Turnus
Ulysses
Urania
Uranus
Venus
Vertumnus
Vesta
Vulcan
Winds
Zephyrus
Zeus (Jupiter)

Back to Categories

October 18    Scripture

Mythology & Beliefs: Cadmus
In Greek and Roman Mythology, Cadmus was the brother of Europa; planter of dragon seeds from which first Thebans sprang.

Cadmus in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (*Ka/dmos), a son of Agenor and Telephassa, and brother of Europa, Phoenix, and Cilix. When Europa was carried off by Zeus to Crete, Agenor sent out his sons in search of their sister, enjoining them not to return without her. Telephassa accompanied her sons. All researches being fruitless, Cadmus and Telephassa settled in Thrace. Here Telephassa died, and Cadmus, after burying her, went to Delphi to consult the oracle respecting his sister. The god commanded him to abstain from further seeking, and to follow a cow of a certain kind, and to build a town on the spot where the cow should sink down with fatigue. (Schol. ad Eur. Phoen. 638, ad Aristoph. Ran. 1256; Paus. 9.12.1.) Cadmus found the cow described by the oracle in Phocis among the herds of Pelagon, and followed her into Boeotia, where she sank down on the spot on which Cadmus built Thebes, with the acropolis, Cadmea. As he intended to sacrifice the cow here to Athena, he sent some persons to the neighbouring well of Ares to fetch water. This well was guarded by a dragon, a son of Ares, who killed the men sent by Cadmus. Hereupon, Cadmus slew the dragon, and, on the advice of Athena, sowed the teeth of the monster, out of which armed men grew up, who slew each other, with the exception of five, Echion, Udaeus, Chthonius, Hyperenor, and Pelor, who, according to the Theban legend, were the ancestors of the Thebans. Cadmus was punished for having slain the dragon by being obliged to serve for a certain period of time, some say one year, others eight years. After this Athena assigned to him the government of Thebes, and Zeus gave him Harmonia for his wife. The marriage solemnity was honoured by the presence of all the Olympian gods in the Cadmea. Cadmus gave to Harmonia the famous πέπλος and necklace which he had received from Hephaestus or from Europa, and became by her the father of Autonoe, Ino, Semele, Agave, and Polydorus. Subsequently Cadmus and Harmonia quitted Thebes, and went to the Cenchelians This people was at war with the Illyrians, and had received an oracle which promised them victory if they took Cadmus as their commander. The Cenchelians accordingly made Cadmus their king, and conquered the enemy. After this, Cadmus had another son, whom he called Illyrius. In the end, Cadmus and Harmonia were changed into dragons, and were removed by Zeus to Elysium. This is the account given by Apollodorus (3.1.1, &c.), which, with the exception of some particulars, agrees with the stories in Hyginus (Hyg. Fab. 178)and Pausanias (9.5.1, 10.1, 12.1,&c.). There are, however, many points in the story of Cadmus in which the various traditions present considerable differences. His native country is commonly stated to have been Phoenicia, as in Apollodorus (comp. Diod. 4.2; Strab. vii. p.321, ix. p. 401); but he is sometimes called a Tyrian (Hdt. 2.49; Eur. Phoen. 639), and sometimes a Sidonian. (Eur. Ba. 171; Ov. Met. 4.571.) Others regarded Cadmus as a native of Thebes in Egypt (Diod. 1.23; Paus. 9.12.2), and his parentage is modified accordingly; for he is also called a son of Antiope, the daughter of Belus, or of Argiope, the daughter of Neilus. (Schol. ad Eurip. Phoen. 5, with Valck. note; Hyg. Fab. 6, 178, 179.) He is said to have introduced into Greece from Phoenicia or Egypt an alphabet of sixteen letters (Hdt. 5.58, &c.; Diod. 3.67, 5.57; Plin. Nat. 7.56; Hyg. Fab. 277), and to have been the first who worked the mines of mount Pangaeon in Thrace. The teeth of the dragon whom Cadmus slew were sown, according to some accounts, by Athena herself; and the spot where this was done was shewn, in aftertimes, in the neighbourhood of Thebes. (Schol. ad Eurip. Phoen. 670; Paus. 9.10.1.) Half of the teeth were given by Athena to Aeetes, king of Colchis. (Apollon. 3.1183; Apollod. 1.9.23; Serv. ad Virg. Georg. 2.141.) The account of his quitting Thebes also was not the same in all traditions; for some related, that he was expelled by Amphion and Zethus, or by Dionysus. (Syncell. p. 296, ed. Dindorf.) A tradition of Brasiae stated, that Cadmus, after discovering the birth of Dionysus by his daughter Semele, shut up the mother and her child in a chest, and threw them into the sea. (Paus. 3.24.3.) According to the opinion of Herodotus (2.49), however, Melampus learned and received the worship of Dionysus from Cadmus, and other traditions too represent Cadmus as worshipping Dionysus. (e.g. Eur. Ba. 181.) According to Euripides, Cadmus resigned the government of Thebes to his grandson, Pentheus; and after the death of the latter, Cadmus went to Illyria, where he built Buthoe (Bacch. 43, 1331, &c.), in the government of which he was succeeded by his son Illyrius or Polydorus. The whole story of Cadmus, with its manifold poetical embellislinients, seems to suggest the immigration of a Phoenician or Egyptian colony into Greece, by means of which civilisation (the alphabet, art of mining, and the worship of Dionysus) came into the country. But the opinion formed on this point must depend upon the view we take of the early influence of Phoenicia and Egypt in general upon the early civilisation of Greece. While Buttmann and Creuzer admit such an influence, C. O. Muller denies it altogether, and regards Cadmus as a Pelasgian divinity. Cadmus was worshipped in various parts of Greece, and at Sparta he had a heroum. (Paus. 3.15.6; comp. Buttmann, Mytholog. ii. p. 171; Müller, Orchom. p. 113, &c.) - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3atext%3a1999.04.0104


Cadmus in Wikipedia Cadmus or Kadmos (Greek: Κάδμος), in Greek, Roman and Phoenician mythologies, was a Phoenician prince,[1] the son of king Agenor and queen Telephassa of Tyre and the brother of Phoenix, Cilix and Europa. He was originally sent by his royal parents to seek out and escort his sister Europa back to Tyre after she was abducted from the shores of Phoenicia by Zeus.[2] Cadmus founded the Greek city of Thebes, the acropolis of which was originally named Cadmeia in his honor. Cadmus was credited by the ancient Greeks (Herodotus[3] is an example) with introducing the original Alphabet or Phoenician alphabet -- phoinikeia grammata, "Phoenician letters" -- to the Greeks, who adapted it to form their Greek alphabet. Herodotus estimates that Cadmus lived sixteen hundred years before his time, or around 2000 BC.[4]...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadmus


If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking HERE
© 1995-2017 Bible History Online





More Bible History