Ancient Israel: People
Annas the High Priest
Annas, who's name means "The grace of Jehovah" was the son of Seth and appointed high priest of the Jews in 6 A.D in his 37th year. He was high priest from 6 to 15 A.D. but as long as he lived he was the virtual head of the priestly party in Jerusalem. He was chosen to the high priesthood by Quirinius, the imperial governor of Syria; obliged to give way to Ismael by Valerius Gratus, procurator of Judaea, in the beginning of Tiberius' reign, 14 A.D. Eleazar, the son of Annas, followed Ismael; then Simon; then Joseph Caiaphas, son-in-law of Annas (John 18:13)...He was undoubtedly the ruling voice in the council that condemned Jesus, although nothing is said about his part in the proceedings that followed the preliminary questioning. He was present at the meeting of the Sanhedrin before which Peter and John defended themselves for preaching the Gospel of the Resurrection (Acts 4:6).
Annas is called "high priest," Caiaphas, John, and Alexander are called "of his kindred." He lived to old age, and he had five sons apointed as high priests.
Caiaphas the High Priest
Caiaphas, who's name means "searcher" was appointed high priest (after Simon ben Camith) by the procurator Valerius Gratus, under Tiberius, 18 A.D.. He continued in office from A.D. 26 to 37, when the proconsul Vitellius deposed him. He was the president of the Jewish council (Sanhedrim) which condemned the Lord Jesus to death, Caiaphas declaring Him guilty of blasphemy.
Caiaphas was the official high priest during the ministry and trial of Jesus (Matt 26:3, 57; Luke 3:2; John 11:49; 18:13, 14, 24, 28; Acts 4:6).
It was Caiaphas who, unknowingly, made the incredible prophecy concerning God's plan of sacrificing Jesus for the sins of the nation and even the whole world:
John 11:49-50 And one of them, Caiaphas, being high priest that year, said to them, "You know nothing at all, nor do you consider that it is expedient for us that one man should die for the people, and not that the whole nation should perish."
David - Smith's Bible Dictionary
David: (well-beloved), the son of Jesse. His life may be divided into three portions:
1. His youth before his introduction to the court of Saul;
2. His relations with Saul;
3. His reign.
1. The early life of David contains in many important respects the antecedents of his future career. It appears that David was the youngest son, probably the youngest child, of a family of ten, and was born in Bethlehem B.C. 1085. The first time that David appears in history at once admits us to the whole family circle. The annual sacrificial feast is being held when Samuel appears, sent by God to anoint one of Jesse's sons as they pass before him, 1Sa 16:6-10 Samuel sends for the youngest, David, who was "keeping the sheep," and anoints him. 1Sa 16:11-13 As David stood before Samuel we are enabled to fix his appearance at once in our minds. He was of short stature, with red or auburn hair, such as is not unfrequently seen in his countrymen of the East at the present day. In later life he wore a beard. His bright eyes are specially mentioned, 1Sa 16:12 and generally he was remarkable for the grace of his figure and countenance ("fair of eyes," "comely," "goodly,") 1Sa 16:12,18; 17:42 well made and of immense strength and agility.
Glossary of People, Places and Events
During the time of Christ. Bible History Online.
Images of Herod and Family
Photos from around the net. Browsable directory. Bible History Online.
Important Old Testament Dates
Adam to Nehemiah. It follows the major people and events of the Old Testament in chronological order. Bible History Online.
List of Jewish High Priests
1. Simon II the Just, 220-190 B.C.
2. Onias III, 190-174 B.C.
3. Jason/Jeshua,175-172 B.C.
4. Menelaus, 172-162 B.C.
5. Alcimus, 162-156 B.C.
6. Jonathan, 153-142 B.C.
7. Simon, 142-135 B.C.
8. John Hyrcanus I, 134-104 B.C.
9. Aristobulus I, 104-103 B.C.
10. Alexander Jannaeus, 103-76 B.C.
11. Hyrcanus II, 76-67 B.C.
12. Aristobulus II, 67-63 B.C.
13. Hyrcanus II, 63-40 B.C.
14. Antigonus, 40-37 B.C.
Also includes The Jewish High Priests from Herod the Great to the Destruction of Jerusalem
Who were the Babylonians? Where were they from? Why does the Bible mention so much about them? These questions and more are often asked by curious students of the Book of Books, the Bible. One of the main interests in this region of the world is no doubt attached to some of the miraculous events that happened nearby, such as the Garden of Eden, Noah's Ark, the Tower of Babel and the magnificent kingdom built by King Nebuchadnezzar where just his gardens were recorded in history as one of the wonders of the world. In this brief program my intention is to give a general overview of the Babylonians, their people, places and events that have been substantiated as fixed facts in history. Bible History Online.
The Death of Herod the Great
Herod died in 4 BC at the age of 69. The historian, Josephus, describes the death of Herod at great length. Herods life, activities, death and the Herodium. Bible History Online.
The Life of Jesus in Harmony
This information program takes us through the life of Christ in harmony with all four of the gospel accounts. The emphasis is on, "Y'Shua ha Mishiach" - Jesus, the Messiah. Understanding His teachings from a Hebraic backdrop, and examining His life and character in a way that gives insight into the incomprehensible love of a Man among men, One who befriended the most wretched, and felt with the deepest of emotions the beauties and agonies of the human experience. Bible History Online.
The Old Testament - A Brief Overview
This is a very simple overview of the history of the Old Testament. It follows the major people and events of the Old Testament in chronological order. Bible History Online.
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