Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online

Bible History Online

Sub Categories
1. Previous List
Ancient History
Ancient Quotations
Apocryphal
Bible
Collections
Dead Sea Scrolls
Greco-Roman
Josephus
Papyrology
Philo
Plutarch
Projects

Back to Categories

March 27    Scripture

Ancient Documents: Ancient History


Annals of Assur-Nasir-Pal Full Text (71k) Concerning Assur-nasir-habal or Assur-nasir-pal (i.e., "Assur preserves the son") we possess fuller historical records than of any other of the Assyrian monarchs, and among these the following inscription is the most important. From it, and from the inscription upon his statue discovered by Mr. Layard in the ruins of one of the Nimroud temples, we learn that he was the son of Tuklat-Adar or Tuklat-Ninip, that he reigned over a territory extending from the "Tigris to the Lebanon, and that he brought the great sea and all countries from the sunrise to the sunset under his sway.
http://www.bible-history.com/texts/assur_nasir_pal_annals.html


Annals of Assur-Nasir-Pal - (71k) Assyrian and Babylonian texts. Text Source: Library collection: "World's Greatest Literature" Published work: "Babylonian and Assyrian Literature" Translator: Rev. J. M. Rodwell, M.A. Publisher: P. F. Collier & Son, New York Copyright: Colonial Press, 1901
http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/Assyria/Inscra02.html


Assyrian and Babylonian texts Assyrian and Babylonian texts. Ancient History, Archaeology and Biblical Studies. The primary purpose of this site is to provide on-line text documents from archaeologists and ancient writers, and some tools for Bible study. Everything is provided in an HTML format which has internal reference markers. These internal markers are not visible when simply reading the text, but they allow HTML search tools to index information available here. A simple search program is provided here.
http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/


Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser II Full Text (24k) This inscription is engraved on an obelisk of black marble, five feet in height, found by Mr. Layard in the centre of the Mound at Nimroud, and now in the British Museum. Each of its four sides is divided into five compartments of sculpture representing the tribute brought to the Assyrian King by vassal princes, Jehu of Israel being among the number. Shalmaneser, whose annals and conquests are recorded upon it, was the son of Assur-natsir-pal, and died in 823 B.C., after a reign of thirty-five years. A translation of the inscription was one of the first achievements of Assyrian decipherment, and was made by Sir. H. Rawlinson; and Dr. Hincks shortly afterward (in 1851) succeeded in reading the name of Jehu in it.
http://www.bible-history.com/texts/black_obelisk_of_shalmaneser_2_inscription.html


Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser II - (24k) Assyrian and Babylonian texts. Text Source: Library collection: "World's Greatest Literature" Published work: "Babylonian and Assyrian Literature" Translator: Rev. A. H. Sayce, M.A. Publisher: P. F. Collier & Son, New York Copyright: Colonial Press, 1901
http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/Assyria/Inscra01.html


Census Edict for Roman Egypt This document shows a census ordered by Gaius Vibius Maximus, the Rmoan Prefectus of Egypt. GREEK TEXT (from Hunt & Edgar 1934:108), TRANSLATION by K. C. Hanson (Adapted from Hunt & Edgar). Language: Greek; Medium: papyrus; Length: 21 lines of writing; Genre: Official Edict; Date: 104 CE; Place of Discovery: Egypt Date of Discovery: ? Current Location: British Museum, London.
http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/greek/census.html


Divorce Agreement from Egypt This Greek document shows a Marriage Contract From Egypt written in 13 BC. It mentions Caesar Augustus and a Roman Drachma.
http://www.kchanson.com/PTJ/divorce.html


Gaius Cornelius Tacitus History of Rome. Ancient Historians and Generals. Tacitus grew up during a the reign of Nero, and may have been a teenager when Nero died and the Roman empire was plunged into civil war. In his later years he became interested in writing an unbiased account of those times, starting his account just before Tiberius came to the throne. We do not have a complete account of either the Annals or the Histories, but what has been preserved provides an interesting look at Roman life, written by one who lived close to those times.
http://www.bible-history.com/texts/tacitus/introduction.html


Gaius Cornelius Tacitus - History of Rome [Ancient Historians and Generals] The electronic edition, originally translated by Alfred John Church and William Jackson Brodribb, did not include any internal text divisions other than the primary book divisions. To make the text more usable for students to search and quote, the paragraph indexing used in The Modern Library edition of Church and Brodribb's text, published under the title of The Complete Works of Tacitus, 1942, was added along with HTML links, and then the text was converted to HTML.
http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/tacitus/index.htm


Herodotus Herodotus - History of Persian Wars . Ancient Historians and Generals (text) each chapter is approximately 130-250 kb.
http://www.bible-history.com/texts/herodotus/persian_wars_intro.html


Herodotus - History of Persian Wars [Ancient Historians and Generals] Book 1 - CLIO Book 2 - EUTERPE Book 3 - THALIA Book 4 - MELPOMENE Book 5 - TERPSICHORE Book 6 - ERATO Book 7 - POLYMNIA Book 8 - URANIA Book 9 - CALLIOPE Brief history of Persia - tiny index to Herodotus
http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/herodotus/


Inscription of Nebuchadnezzar - (30k) Assyrian and Babylonian texts. Text Source: Library collection: "World's Greatest Literature" Published work: "Babylonian and Assyrian Literature" Translator: Rev. J. M. Rodwell, M.A. Publisher: P. F. Collier & Son, New York Copyright: Colonial Press, 1901
http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/Assyria/Inscrb00.html


Inscription of Nebuchadnezzar II Full Text (30k) Babylonian inscriptions are by no means so replete with interest as the Assyrian. The latter embrace the various expeditions in which the Assyrian monarchs were engaged, and bring us into contact with the names and locality of rivers, cities, and mountain-ranges, with contemporary princes in Judea and elsewhere, and abound in details as to domestic habits, civil usages, and the implements and modes of warfare. But the Babylonian inscriptions refer mainly to the construction of temples, palaces, and other public buildings, and at the same time present especial difficulties in their numerous architectural terms which it is often impossible to translate with any certainty. They are, however, interesting as records of the piety and religious feelings of the sovereigns of Babylon, and as affording numerous topographical notices of that famous city; while the boastful language of the inscription will often remind the reader of Nebuchadnezzar's words in Dan. iv. 30: "Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom, by the might of my power, and for the honor of my majesty?" Compare column vii, line 32.
http://www.bible-history.com/texts/nebuchadnezzar_2_inscription.html


Inscription of Tiglath Pileser I Full Text (38k) This inscription of Tiglath Pileser I is found on an octagonal prism and on some other clay fragments discovered at Kalah-Shergat and at present in the British Museum. On the whole for its extent and historical information relating to the early history of Assyria this inscription is one of the most important of the series showing the gradual advance and rise of Assyria, while as one of the first interpreted it presents considerable literary interest in respect to the details of the progress of Assyrian interpretation. It is also nearly the oldest Assyrian text of any length which has been hitherto discovered and is very interesting from its account of the construction of the temples and palaces made by the King in the early part of his reign.
http://www.bible-history.com/texts/tiglath_pileser_1_inscription.html


Inscription of Tiglath Pileser I - (38k) Assyrian and Babylonian texts. Text Source: Library collection: "World's Greatest Literature" Published work: "Babylonian and Assyrian Literature" Translator: Sir H. Rawlinson, K.C.B., D.C.L., Etc. Publisher: P. F. Collier & Son, New York Copyright: Colonial Press, 1901
http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/Assyria/Inscra00.html


Ishtar Gate Inscription Dedicatory Inscription on the Ishtar Gate, Babylon; TRANSLATION (Adapted from Marzahn 1995:29-30)Language: Akkadian Medium: glazed brick Size: c. 15 meters high c. 10 meters wide Length: 60 lines of writing Genre: Dedication Inscription Dedicator: Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylonia (reigned 605"”562 BCE) Approximate Date: 600 BCE Place of Discovery: Babylon (near modern Baghdad, Iraq) Date of Excavation: 1899"”1914 Current Location: Pergamon Museen (Berlin, Germany)
http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/meso/ishtarins.html


Josephus' References to Crucifixion "Josephus (b. 37 C.E.) is our best literary source for the practice of crucifixion in Israel during the Greco-Roman period. As a general in command of the Jewish forces of Galilee in the Great Revolt against Rome (66-73 C.E.), he reports his attempts to save the lives of three crucified captives by appealing directly to the Roman general Titus. One survived the cross under a physician's care, the other two could not be saved." by Dr. James D. Tabor
http://www.uncc.edu/jdtabor/cruc-josephus.html


Julius Caesar Wars against France and Germany. Roman civil war. Ancient Historians and Generals. This is a detailed discription of the war campaigns of Julius Caesar, starting from the time that he was in charge of the Roman forces in France (Gaul). Caesar's writting style is that of a detailed factual report, prepared year by year, of the events. The parts not written by him attempt a similiar style, but are not as clean (See the notes of Hortius, at the start of the 8th book of the Gallic Wars). Caesar's writings present himself as a much more balanced and just leader than Suetonius or Plutarch indicate in their biographies of him. Also, the accounts of the army during the Spanish campaign show a more brutal side to his leadership.
http://www.bible-history.com/texts/julius_caesar/julius_caesar_intro.html


Julius Caesar - Wars against France and Germany Roman civil war. [Ancient Historians and Generals] Julius Caesar's War Commentaries
http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/caesar/


Manumission and Bridewealth Document Manumission and Bridewealth Document (14th cent. BCE?)TRANSLATION by K. C. Hanson (Adapted from Finkelstein 1969:546). Language: Akkadian; Medium: Clay tablet; Size: 43 centimeters long 5 centimeters wide; Length: 25 lines of writing Genre: Manumission & Marriage Contract Approximate Date: 14th cent. BCE? Place of Discovery: Ugarit acropolis, Ras Shamra, Syria Date of Discovery: 1936 Current Location: Musée National d'Alep Aleppo, Syria.
http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/meso/manumission.html


Marriage Contract From Egypt This Greek document shows a Marriage Contract From Egypt written in 13 BC. It mentions Caesar Augustus and a Roman Drachma.
http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/greek/marriage.html


Sections of the Jewish Talmud Jewish texts. Selections from the Jewish Talmud
http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/bib/Talmud/index.html


The Gilgamesh Epic The Epic of Gilgamesh is, perhaps, the oldest written story on Earth. It comes to us from Ancient Sumeria, and was originally written on 12 clay tablets in cunieform script. It is about the adventures of the historical King of Uruk (somewhere between 2750 and 2500 BC).
http://www.ancienttexts.org/library/mesopotamian/gilgamesh/


The Hammurabi Stele THE HAMMURABI STELE. Partially Retold in English, by Stan Rummel, Director of The Humanities Program, Texas Wesleyan University, Fort Worth, Texas. "In the following selections, I have frequently changed the grammar and sequence of words from that of the original text, and I have omitted sections of material, so that what is given will read comprehensibly in English. I have grouped regulations by topical categories for discussion, rather than simply following their numerical sequence." Also includes an image: Detail of the top of the Hammurabi Stele, picturing King Hammurabi coming before the god Shamash.
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/hammurabi.html


The Pilate Inscription The Pilate Inscription [text & interpretation] Language: Latin; Medium: limestone; Size: 82 centimeters high 65 centimeters wide; Length: 4 lines of writing; Genre: Building Dedication Dedicator: Pontius Pilate (praefect of Judea) Approximate Date: 26-37 CE; Place of Discovery: Caesarea, Israel; Date of Discovery: 1961; Current Location: Israel Museum(Jerusalem)
http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/latin/pilate.html


Widow's Petition Ostracon This pottery was discovered with 8 lines of Hebrew text. Legal Petition written around the 9th"”7th centuries BCE.
http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/westsem/petition.html


If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking HERE
© 1995-2016 Bible History Online





More Bible History