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September 25    Scripture

Intertestamental: Coins
Coins from the period between the Old and New Testaments

Alexander Jannaeus Biblical coins
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/roman-and-greek-coins.asp?vpar=923


Alexander the Great Bronzes
http://rg.ancients.info/alexander/bronzes.html


Alexander the Great Coin Bible History Online - Alexander the Great Coin (Biblical Archaeology) This coin reveals scenes of Alexander the Great's life. The top image depicts Alexander being crowned by Nike, the goddess of victory. The bottom image depicts Alexander on his horse Busephalus at the Jhelum River attacking Porus on his war elephant. Porus was trying to stop Alexander from crossing the river until the monsoon, which would delay him until after the summer months. In 336 BC when Darius II was king of Persia he battled against Alexander the Great and was defeated twice. The two famous battles were the Battle of Issus in 333 BC and the Battle of Gaugamela in 331 BC. This marked the end of the Archaemenid Empire and the rise of Greece as a world power. Alexander conquered the world and died in Babylon in 323 BC. This coin depicting Alexander the Great is an important discovery in Biblical Archaeology and the period of Greek history.
http://www.bible-history.com/archaeology/greece/2-alexander-coin-bb.html


Alexander the Great Fractions
http://rg.ancients.info/alexander/fractions.html


Alexander the Great Numismatic Portrait
http://rg.ancients.info/alexander/portrait.html


Alexander the Great Staters
http://rg.ancients.info/alexander/staters.html


Alexander the Great Tetradrachms
http://rg.ancients.info/alexander/tets.html


Alexander tyhe Great Macedonian Kingdom, 336 - 323 B.C. Alexander III The Great, Macedonian Kingdom, 336 - 323 B.C. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3857, M��ller -, SNG Cop -, EF, Susa mint, 17.182g, 26.2mm, 225o, posthumous, c. 316 - 311 B.C.; obverseHerakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse BASILEWS ALEXANDROU, Zeus enthroned left, eagleextended in right, long vertical scepter in left, wreath left, AI (above strut) over RP monogram under throne; nice-style, well centered, sharp, and fantastic sculptural high-relief;
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/roman-and-greek-coins.asp?vpar=18&zpg=36504


Antiochus III Coin Late 3rd-early 2nd century BC in the British Museum
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic-art/124716/8501/Antiochus-III-coin-late-3rd-early-2nd-century-BC-in


Antiochus IV Epiphanes Coin 4 Drachma Silver Coin of Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Left side portrayed as Zeus. Right side portrayed as Zeus Enthroned carrying the Goddess Nike (Victory). The legend reads:"King Antiochus. God Manifest, Bearing Victory.
http://www.bible-history.com/past/antiochus_epiphanes_coin.html


Antiochus VII Tetradrachm Silver Coin This large silver coin is an Ancient Jewish coin, the Antiochus VII Tetradrachm, from a period in Old Testament times when the Kingdom of Syria ruled Israel. Hand-Minted, Well Preserved Larger silver coins from Greek-Syrian times were known as Tetradrachms for their official size and silver content. A defining moment in Jewish independence came when the Syrian King, Antiochus VII allowed the Jewish people to produce this official silver coinage.These unusually large Silver Coins were hand-minted in Old Testament times from 129 B.C. to 138 B.C. and are unusually well preserved for 2,000 year old coins.
http://acoins.com/antiochus.html


Antony and Cleopatra Coins Roman Coins of Antony and Cleopatra
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/roman-AND-greek-coins.asp?vpar=111&pos=0


Arsinoe II, Wife of Ptolemy II Coin Ptolemaic Kings of Egypt: Arsinoe II, Wife of Ptolemy II, Oktadrachm Arsinoe II wife of Ptolemy II Philadelphus or Arsinoe III wife of Ptolemy IV Philopator Gold Oktadrachm (struck under Ptolemy VI or VIII, ca. 180-116 B.C.) Obverse: Diademed and draped bust of the Macedonian queen of Egypt Arsinoe right, with lotus-tipped scepter over shoulder, 'k' behind her. Reverse: AP�UINOH�U �XI�NA�GEL�XOY, filleted double cornucopia. Beautiful heavy gold octadrachm with a powerful portrait of the first mortal woman ever to appear on a coinage. Struck on a full large flan in excessive high relief, excellent example of one of the largest gold coins struck during entire Hellenistic Period. Extremely rare ancient gold.
http://www.ancientsculpturegallery.com/ArsinoePtolemaicGoldOctadrachm.html


Cleopatra Coins Cleopatra Images: Coins
http://sangha.net/messengers/cleopatra/Coins.htm


Cleopatra Roman Coins Cleopatra, Roman Imperatorial Coins
http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/imp/cleopatra/i.html


Cleopatra VII Coins Egypt, Cleopatra VII �V Ancient Greek Coins
http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/egypt/cleopatra_VII/


Coin of Hasmoneans Alexander Jannaeus Prutah of Hasmoneans Alexander Jannaeus. 103-76 BCE Prutah of Hasmoneans Alexander Jannaeus. 103-76 BCE, Yehonatan the high priest. Obverse side: Five lines of Hebrew inscription "Yehonatan the high priest and council of the Jews" surrounded by wreath. Reverse side (off center): Double cornucopiae and pomegranate between the horns. Reference: Hendin 474.
http://www.gilai.com/scripts/more/co604-coins_hasmonean-Coins:+Hasmonean-yes.html


Coin of Hasmoneans Alexander Jannaeus Prutah of Hasmoneans Alexander Jannaeus. Scarce Prutah of Hasmoneans Alexander Jannaeus. 103-76 BC, Yehonatan the King. Obverse side: Lily surrounded by Hebrew inscription (Yehonatan the King). Reverse side: Inverted anchor within circle and Greek inscription ALEXANDROU BASILEWS (Alexander the king). Reference: Hendin 467.
http://www.gilai.com/scripts/more/co532-coins_hasmonean-Coins:+Hasmonean-yes.html


Coins of Alexander the Great Alexander the Great gold stater, silver tetradrachm, and bronze hemiobol. These were powerful coins. They not only influenced the future of all subsequent coinage on three continents, they also depicted some powerful symbols, most notably Herakles (Hercules to the Romans), the ancient world's most powerful mythological hero, Zeus, king of the Olympian gods, Athena, the goddess who combined within her sphere both wisdom and warfare, and Nike, goddess of victory.
http://rg.ancients.info/alexander/


Coins of the Ptolemaic Dynasty: 323 -30 BC Coins of the Ancient Egyptians: Ptolemaic Dynasty: 323 -30 BC
http://www.ptolemaic.net/


Coins of the Seleucid Kings of Syria
http://www.ancientsculpturegallery.com/seleucidcoins.html


Demetrius I Poliorcetes Coin Kings of Macedon Demetrius I Poliorcetes (294-288 B.C.) Silver Tetradrachm Coin Weight 16.8 g. Diameter: 29 mm. Obverse: Diademed and horned head of the Macedonian king Demetrios I Poliorctes, son of one of the most capable Alexander's generals Antigonus I "the one-eyed", right. Reverse: BA�UI�NE�[�U �GHMHTPIOY, Nude Poseidon standing left with right foot on rock, holding trident in left hand, monograms in outer fields. Superb portrait, well centered extremely desirable silver coin struck in high relief.
http://www.ancientsculpturegallery.com/DemetriusIPoliorcetesCoin2.html


Gold Stater 320 BC, Alexander the Great Obv: Athena. Rev: Nike placing Wreath. Diameter: 18 mm diameter (about the size of a US Penny)
http://www.museumsurplus.com/Pictures/3080.JPG


Greek Tetradrachm of Antiochus VII, Syria Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Center. The classical portrait on the obverse of this tetradrachm coin echoes that of Alexander the Great, although it dates from the reign of Antiochus VII, some 200 years later. From 138 to 129 BC, he ruled a kingdom approximating modern-day Syria.The reverse design shows the goddess Athena, with helmet, spear and shield; on her outstretched hand is a tiny figure of Victory, holding a wreath.The reverse inscription translates as 'Of Antiochus the Benevolent'.
http://www.bmagic.org.uk/objects/1920C318


Hasmonean lepton of John Hyrcanus I Hasmoneans lepton of John Hyrcanus I, Hasmoneans, John Hyrcanus I. 127-104 BC. AE Lepton. Obverse side: Palm branch with Hebrew (Yehochanan the High Priest and the council of the Jews). Reverse side: Lily within circle of dots. Scarce because of its small size. Reference: Hendin 458.0
http://www.gilai.com/scripts/more/co533-coins_hasmonean-Coins:+Hasmonean-yes.html


Hasmonean lepton of John Hyrcanus I Hasmoneans lepton of John Hyrcanus I Hasmoneans, John Hyrcanus I. 127'104 BC. AE Lepton. Obverse side: Palm branch with Hebrew (Yehochanan the High Priest and the council of the Jews). Reverse side: Lily within circle of dots. Scarce because of its small size. Reference: Hendin 458
http://www.gilai.com/scripts/more/co556-coins_hasmonean-Coins:+Hasmonean-yes.html


Herod the Great Biblical Coins
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/roman-and-greek-coins.asp?vpar=925


John Hyrcanus Biblical Coins
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/roman-and-greek-coins.asp?vpar=922


Marc Antony and Cleopatra Coin An Excessively Rare Silver Tetradrachm of Marc Antony and Cleopatra, Circa 36-34 BC This excessively rare silver tetradrachm is believed by numismatic scholars to have been struck sometime between 36 and 34 BC, most likely at a mint in Syria where they often Summered. Michael Grant thinks it most likely that it was struck in 34 BC in connection with the great Donations of that year, in which Antony conferred much of the Eastern Mediterranean in a whole series of titles, territories and overlordships upon Cleopatra and her children. Obverse: Bust of Cleopatra facing right attired in her royal robes and diadem, wearing a necklace probably of large pearls which supports a pendant, the bust surrounded by Greek legend BACILICCA KLEOPATRA THEA NEOTERA = 'The Younger Queen Goddess Cleopatra'. Reverse: Bare head of Marc Antony facing right, surrounded by Greek legend ANTWNIOC AYTOKPATWP TPITON TPIWN ANDPWN = 'Antony Imperator Third Proclamation'. Mean Diameter: 26.5 mm. (1.04"). Weight: 15.10 gm. (0.472 Troy oz.). Metal composition: Nearly pure silver with natural toning. References: Michael Grant, Cleopatra, 1992, Barnes & Noble, pps. 168, 175 where he discusses the facts surrounding the issuance of this coin. Also, Burnett, Amandry & Ripolles, Roman Provincial Coinage, Volume I, # 4094, published jointly by the British Museum Press and the Bibliotech National, 1992.
http://www.edgarlowen.com/C006.html


Mattathias Antigonus Biblical Coins
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/roman-and-greek-coins.asp?vpar=1063


Philip III Arrhidaeus Coin Kings of Macedonia coins: Philip III Arrhidaios Silver Tetradrachm Coin Philip III Arrhidaeus (323-317 B.C.) Silver Tetradrachm Babylon Mint Weight 17 g. Diameter 27 mm. Obverse: Head of Herakles right wearing lion skin right. Revese: Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter.
http://www.ancientsculpturegallery.com/PhilipIIIArrhidaeusCoin.html


Prutah coin of Mattathias Antigonus (Mattatayah) 37-40 BCE. Prutah coin of Mattathias Antigonus (Mattatayah) 37-40 BCE. Obverse side: Double cornucopia adorned with ribbons and ear of barley inserted between the horns. Border of dots. Reverse side: Retrograde Hebrew inscription "Mattatayah' surrounded by wreath and border of dots. Reference: Hendin 483.
http://www.gilai.com/scripts/more/co599-coins_hasmonean-Coins:+Hasmonean-yes.html


Ptolemaic Egypt Greek Coins After Alexander the Great's death, Egypt was administred by Ptolemy, one of his friends and generals. In 305 B.C. Ptolemy crowned himself king, establishing one of the most important and flourishing hellenistic monarchies. The culture was a complex mixture of egyptian and greek traditions, best represented by the famous city of Alexandria. As all other hellenistic kingdoms, Egypt suffered a slow decline in parallel with the mighty rising of Rome, and it's end witnessed the great story of Queen Cleopatra, Julius Caesar and Marc Antony.
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/roman-and-greek-coins.asp?vpar=765


Ptolemy as Satrap of Egypt TETRADRACHM SILVER TETRADRACHM - 310 BC, Minted by Ptolemy as Satrap of Egypt The Ptolemaic empire was founded by Ptolemy I after the death of Alexander the Great. Ptolemy I was a boyhood friend of Alexander and his most trusted general. After Ptolemy successfully completed the Persian war, Alexander granted him the area of Egypt. He founded an empire that lasted almost 300 years. The empire ended with Cleopatra VII, the Queen of the Nile. This coin was minted shortly after Alexander's death and before Ptolemy assumed the reign as King (Pharaoh) of Egypt. Obv: Alexander the Great in Elephant Skin Cap Rev: Athena Brandishing Spear and Shield Diameter: 27 mm diameter (little larger than a US Quarter and twice as thick)
http://www.museumsurplus.com/Pictures/8546.JPG


Ptolemy I, Soter, Alexandria Coin N18055 Coin, Tetradrachm, silver, Ptolemy I, Soter, Alexandria mint, Ancient Greek, Egypt, c 305-283 BC Coin, Tetradrachm, silver, Ptolemy I, Soter, Alexandria mint, Ancient Greek, Egypt, c.305-283 BC. Disc of sliver with designs in relief on both sides. Obverse: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis around his neck, all within a circle of dots. Reverse: Eagle on thunderbolt left, ancient greek inscription "coin of King Ptolemy", 'P' and monogram within a circle of dots in field left.
http://www.dhub.org/object/299620


Ptolemy II Philadelphos Coin Ptolemaic Kings of Egypt �V Ptolemy II Philadelphos Tetradrachm Coin Ptolemy II Philadelphos (285-246 B.C.) Bronze Weight 5.4g. Diameter 18 mm. Obverse: Diademed and horned bust of Ptolemy I Soter as Zeus Ammon right. Reverse: ÂÁÓÉËÅÙÓ ÐÔÏËÅÌÁÉÏÕ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt. Nice brick-red patina.
http://www.ancientsculpturegallery.com/PtolemyIIPhiladelphusBronzeCoin.html


Ptolemy II Philadelphus Coin Ptolemaic Kings of Egypt: Ptolemy II Philadelphus Tetradrachm Coin Ptolemy II Philadelphos (285-246 B.C.) Silver Tetradrachm Weight 14 g. Diameter 27 mm. Obverse: Diademed bust of Ptolemy I Soter, founder of the Ptolemaic ruling dynasty, right. Reverse: ÂÁÓÉËÅÙÓ ÐÔÏËÅÌÁÉÏÕ, Eagle i superb extra high relief, standing left on thunderbolt. Stunning portrait in very high relief, nicely toned beautiful expression Hellenistic Ptolemaic silver.
http://www.ancientsculpturegallery.com/PtolemyIIPhiladelphusCoin2.html


Ptolemy III Coin Egypt, Ptolemy III: Ancient Greek Coins Ancient Coinage of Egypt, Ptolemy III Ptolemy III Euergetes ("Benefactor"), King of Egypt 246-221 BC.
http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/egypt/ptolemy_III/


Ptolemy IV Coin Egypt, Ptolemy IV, Ancient Coins Index with Thumbnails
http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/egypt/ptolemy_IV/t.html


Ptolemy IX Egypt, Ptolemy IX, Ancient Greek Coins
http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/egypt/ptolemy_IX/i.html


Ptolemy IX Soter Coin Coin Page: 107-106 BC Ptolemy IX Soter Silver Tetradrachm Alexandria Mint Egypt Image Tags: Obverse: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis, Reverse: Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; in field to left, regnal date LI. PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS
http://www.coinpage.com/coin-image-5818.html


Ptolemy V Coin Egypt, Ptolemy V, Ancient Greek Coins
http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/egypt/ptolemy_V/


Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II Coin Egyptian Bronze Coin of Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II This large (30mm) bronze coin dates to the co-rule of Ptolemy VI Philometor with his sister (and wife), Cleopatra II, between 176-145 B.C. Ptolemy VI had an eventful reign marked by the increasing influence of Rome in Egyptian politics. From 169-164 B.C., Ptolemy VI ruled as part of a triumvirate composed of himself, his sister/wife, and his younger brother, Ptolemy VIII Physcon. Infighting between the siblings led to Ptolemy VI's temporary expulsion from Egypt in 164, leading him to go to Rome and beg for support. The famous senator Cato the Elder backed his claim, and Ptolemy VI was restored in 163. The remainder of his co-rule is characterized by distrust and political maneuverings between the siblings that further weakened the Ptolemaic Empire.
http://www.trocadero.com/janus/items/638443/item638443store.html


Ptolemy VI Coin Egypt, Ptolemy VI, Ancient Greek Coins
http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/egypt/ptolemy_VI/


Ptolemy VIII Coin Egypt, Ptolemy VIII, Ancient Coins Index with Thumbnails
http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/egypt/ptolemy_VIII/t.html


Ptolemy X Coin Egypt, Ptolemy X, Ancient Greek Coins
http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/egypt/ptolemy_X/


Ptolemy XII Coin Ptolemaic Kings of Egypt: Ptolemy XII or XIII Neos Dionysios Tetradrachm Coin Ptolemy XII or XIII Neos Dionysios (80-58; 55-51 B.C.) Silver Tetradrachm Weight 13.4g. Diameter 25 mm. Obverse: Diademed bust of Ptolemy XII or XIII Neos Dionysios right. Reverse: ÂÁÓÉËÅÙÓ ÐÔÏËÅÌÁÉÏÕ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt. Rare coin of a scarce Ptolemaic king.
http://www.ancientsculpturegallery.com/PtolemyXIINeoDionysiosCoin.html


Ptolemy XII Coin Egypt, Ptolemy XII, Ancient Greek Coins
http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/egypt/ptolemy_XII/


Scarce Prutah Alexander Jannaeus. Scarce Prutah of Hasmoneans Alexander Jannaeus. 103-76 BC, Yehonatan the King. Obverse side: Lily surrounded by Hebrew inscription (Yehonatan the King). Reverse side: Inverted anchor within circle and Greek inscription ALEXANDROU BASILEWS (Alexander the king). Reference: Hendin 467
http://www.gilai.com/scripts/more/co505-coins_hasmonean-Coins:+Hasmonean-yes.html


Seleucia, Antiochos I - Ancient Greek Coins
http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/seleucia/antiochos_I/


Seleucia, Antiochos IV - Ancient Greek Coins
http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/seleucia/antiochos_IV/


Seleucid Kingdom Greek Coins
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/roman-and-greek-coins.asp?vpar=85


Tetradrachm of Seleucus I Metropolitan Museum of Art. Tetradrachm of Seleucus I, 300"280 B.C.; Seleucid. Iran, excavated at Pasargadae Silver Money"as a means of exchange, a mode of payment, and a standard of value"was in use in the ancient Near East long before the invention of coinage in Lydia during the seventh century B.C. Early Mesopotamian texts record payments of silver weighed in shekels (about 8.3 grams), minas (about 500 grams), and talents, or donkey-loads (about 30 kilograms), but the value of objects was also converted into equal-value weights of grain, copper, and tin. The connection between money and weight continued in coins; a drachm, for example, weighed about 4.3 grams, a tetradrachm (4 drachms) about 17 grams
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ho/04/wam/ho_1974.105.9.htm


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