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July 24    Scripture

Bible History: Images & Art


A full-size 15th century Gutenberg Nice image. 15th century AD. [English Versions] [Images] [Bible History]
http://24.39.6.68/Goepel/Civilizations/Gutenberg%20Bible.jpg


A Potter at His Wheel in Hebron A potter was a common occupation in the Biblical world (Jer 18:3-4). While the very rich could afford vessels of silver, gold, or carved stone, or even of glass by Roman times, most people used common fired clay vessels for everyday use and storage (2 Tim 2:20). These might range from simple plates or cups to very large pots for storing grain or wine (in the Roman era called amphora). They also became frequently used metaphors in Scripture. God is the Potter, we are the clay. From Christian Resource Institute.
http://www.crivoice.org/phototour/ppotter.html


A Scene from the Gilgamesh Epic From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. A scene from the Gilgamesh Epic Tablet 11: The Flood Narrative ? century BC. Gilgamesh (cylinder seal impression).
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/gilgtab.html


A Threshing Floor near Bethlehem In this photo, the harvested grain stalks are stacked by the threshing floor awaiting threshing. While this threshing floor has been constructed at the edge of an open field, threshing floors in the ancient world were often carved directly into the rock. Biblical tradition recalls that the site for the temple in Jerusalem was originally a threshing floor that David purchased from Araunah the Jebusite (2 Sam 24:18-23; or Ornan in 2 Chron 21:20-23). There are references in this account to the threshing sledges, the oxen, and even the already threshed wheat. From Christian Resource Institute.
http://www.crivoice.org/phototour/pthresh.html


A Watchtower in a Field A Watchtower in a Field. Watchtowers were often used in Bible times as a "lookout" place, usually built in a field or vineyard. From Christian Resource Institute.
http://www.cresourcei.org/phototour/ptower.html


An image of the Ten Commandments (Ancient Hebrew Script) Image reproduction of the Ten Commandments in the ancient Hebrew script of the time of Moses.
http://www.historian.net/images/10compap.jpg


Aramean Queen (?) with servant From K. C. Hanson's Gallery of Photos of Syria & Israel. Aramean Queen(?)and servant; funerary stele; 8th century BC (Berlin VA 2995) Pergamon Museum, Berlin. Note: Aramaean is in Latin Aramaeus, from Greek Aramaios, from Hebrew `ArAm Aramaic, ancient name for Syria, a Semitic people of the second millennium B.C. in Syria and Upper Mesopotamia.
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/queen.html


Assyrian Officers From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. Assyrian Officers; 8th century BC; bas relief; Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/assyrians5.html


Assyrian Spearmen From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. Assyrian Soldiers #1: Spearmen; bas relief; 8th century BC; Pergamon Museum, Berlin
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/assyrians1.html


Assyrian Warrior King Assyrian Cavalry (bas relief)7th century BC
http://www.bible-history.com/images/assywk9.jpg


Ba'al Ugaritic god of Storms & War Ba'al Ugaritic god of Storms & War From K. C. Hanson's Gallery of Photos of Syria & Israel. Ba'al Ugaritic God of Storms & War (14th century BC) Louvre Museum, Paris
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/baal.html


Book of Daniel Bible Images: Book of Daniel. [Blueletter Bible Maps and Images]
http://www.blueletterbible.org/cgi-bin/images_read.pl?from=index&htmln=images/bible_images/Daniel/daniel_template.html&htmla=0&first=Bible&l


Broken Ossuaries at the Mount of Olives [images] [Israel]
http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/imagenes_biblianazar/esp_bi20.jpg


Canaanite Lions From K. C. Hanson's Gallery of Photos of Syria & Israel. Canaanite Lions; basalt stele; 14th century BC. Discovery: 1928 in Beth-Shean/Sythopolis (Tel el-Husn). Current Location: Israel Museum (Jerusalem) Hanson has a couple good verses from the Bible on the page. One reads: "Then Samson went down with his father and mother to Timnah, and he came to the vineyards of Timnah. And behold, a young lion roared against him; and the spirit of Yahweh came upon him powerfully, and he tore the lion apart as one tears a goat-kid. And he had nothing in his hand." (Judges 14:5-6)
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/lions.html


Capture of Lachish by Sennacherib Bible Images: Capture of Lachish by Sennacherib (clay tablet). [Blueletter Bible Maps and Images]
http://www.blueletterbible.org/images/bible_images/History/lachish.html


Christ`s Garden Tomb at Calvary The Garden Tomb is one of the two strongest possibilities for the burial place of Jesus Christ after He was crucified at Calvary (see How Did Jesus Christ Die?). It was discovered by Charles Gordon in the 1880s. [Images] [Bible History]
http://www.keyway.ca/htm2002/gardntom.htm


EGYPT - Abu Simbel Photographic Archive Series (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://oi.uchicago.edu/gallery/pa_egypt_bees_abu_simbel/


EIKON Image Database for Biblical Studies The EIKON Image Database for Biblical Studies is a faculty-library initiative at Yale Divinity School that provides digital resources for teaching and research in the field of Biblical studies.
http://research.yale.edu:8084/divdl/eikon/


Ephesus - A Panoramic Virtual Tour Extensive arrangement of text and images focusing on ancient Ephesus. HISTORICAL SITES IN TURKEY [Images] [Archaeology]
http://www.sailturkey.com/panoramas/ephesus/


Erasmus' Greek New Testament of 1516 Nice image. 16th century AD. [English Versions] [Images] [Bible History]
http://smu.edu/bridwell/publications/ryriecatalog/5_2ab.htm


Esarhaddon From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. Esarhaddon; Assyrian Emperor; (ruled 681"669 BC); stele; Pergamon Museum, Berlin
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/king1.html


Esarhaddon and Vassals From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. Esarhaddon; Assyrian Emperor; (ruled 681"669 BC); with Tirhaka (Ethiopian King of Egypt); and Ba'alu (King of Tyre); dolerite stele; 3.22 meters high; Pergamon Museum, Berlin
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/king2.html


Female Figurine from Ur Iraq: Tell Asmar, Trench D; Ur III/Isin-Larsa Period, ca. 2100-1800 B.C. Baked clay. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1935-6. "Figurines like this one have been found in the excavated remains of Mesopotamian houses, temples, and other public buildings of the early second millennium B.C. They have no definite divine attributes and their exact function is not known. This female has characteristic broad, flat hips, a large and elaborately incised pubic triangle, and prominent breasts with applied disk-shaped nipples."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A17892.html


Five Books of Moses Bible Images: Five Books of Moses. The Creation (engraving) The Judgement of Adam and Eve (engraving) The Deluge (engraving) Noah's Sacrifice (engraving) Melchizedek Blessing Abraham (engraving) Parting of Lot and Abraham (engraving) Abraham's Sacrifice: Jehovah Jirah (engraving) The Departure of Rebekah (engraving) Joseph Interprets Pharaoh's Dream (engraving) The Exposure of Moses (engraving) The Finding of Moses (engraving) Miriam's Song (engraving) Moses and the Brazen Serpent (engraving) Moses on Mount Pisgah (engraving) Death of Moses on Mount Nebo (engraving)[Blueletter Bible Maps and Images]
http://www.blueletterbible.org/images/bible_images/Moses/h_gen_1_1a.html


Gilgamesh Epic From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. Gilgamesh Epic Tablet 11: The Flood Narrative ? century BC
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/gilgtab.html


Great Isaiah Scroll Complete Manuscript Image An index to images of the entire Great Isaiah Scroll (1QIsaa=Qa), dated to the second century B.C. [Bible manuscripts]
http://www.ao.net/~fmoeller/qumdir.htm


Gutenberg Bible British Museum Leaf on vellum [Images] [Bible History]
http://prodigi.bl.uk/TreasuresImages/Gutenberg/max/gl2/217_v.jpg


Herod's Temple in Jerusalem Reconstructed Scale Model from the Holyland Hotel in Jerusalem.
http://www.holylandnetwork.com/temple/model_18.htm


Holyland Model of Ancient Jerusalem The scale of the Holyland Model is 1:50 (2 cm. = 1m., 1/4 in. = 1 ft.). The model was produced using the same materials that were used in the times of the original construction, such as marble, stone, wood, copper and iron. The model was completed in 1969. The sources used in planning the model were the Mishna, the Tosephtha, the Talmud, the writings of Jesephus and the New Testament. The construction of the model is due to the initiative and resources of Mr. Hans Kroch. The archaeological and topographical data were supplied by Prof. M. Avi-Yonah, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, one of the foremost authorities on the subject. Since construction, the site is continuously updated according to the latest archaeological findings.
http://www.holylandnetwork.com/temple/model.htm


Illuminated scroll of Esther of the 17th century Judaic Treasures of the Library of Congress: An Illuminated Megillah [Manuscripts] [Images] [Bible History]
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/loc/Megillah1.html


Illustrations Concerning the Temple & Tabernacle Bible Images: Illustrations Concerning the Temple. [Blueletter Bible Maps and Images]
http://www.blueletterbible.org/images/bible_images/Temple/wailing.html


Illustrations of the Miracles of Jesus Bible Images: Illustrations of the Miracles of Lord Jesus. [Blueletter Bible Maps and Images]
http://www.blueletterbible.org/images/bible_images/Miracles/leper_healed1.html


Jerash, Main Roman Street From Christian Resource Institute. The greatest systematic road builders of the ancient world were the Romans, who were very aware of the military, economic, and administrative advantages of a good road system. The Romans began their road-making task in 334 BC and by the peak of the empire had built nearly 53,000 miles of road connecting their capital with the frontiers of their enormous empire.
http://www.crivoice.org/phototour/pjerashst.html


Kings and Chronicles Bible Images: Kings and Chronicles. [Blueletter Bible Maps and Images]
http://www.blueletterbible.org/images/bible_images/Kings/david_saul1.html


Marcus Aurelius Statue Roman Emperor (161-180 CE) Roman marble Pergamon Museum, Berlin Reconstructed at and on loan to J. Paul Getty Museum Los Angeles, California photo ©K. C. Hanson 2002. This exhibition features the conservation of a statue of the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius, who ruled the Roman Empire from A.D. 161 to 180. The statue belongs to the Pergamon Museum in Berlin, and the conservation was a collaboration between the Pergamon and the Getty Museum. [photos and text] (The J. Paul Getty Trust)
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/marcus.html


Mars Hill In classical times, the Areopagus functioned as the chief homicide court of Athens. Ares was supposed to have been tried here by the Gods for the murder of Poseidon's son Alirrothios. Another legend states that the hill was the site of the trial of Orestes for killing his stepmother and her lover, Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. In pre-classical times (before the 5th century BC), the Areopagus was the council of elders of the city, like the Roman Senate. Like the Senate, its membership derived from those who had held high public office, in this case that of Archon. In 462 BC, Ephialtes put through reforms which deprived the Areopagus of almost all its functions except that of a murder tribunal. Approach to Mars Hill. © Howard Chalkley At the foot of the Areopagus was a temple dedicated to the Erinyes where murderers used to find shelter so as not to face the consequences of their actions. Near the Areopagus was also constructed the basilica of Dionysius Areopagites. [images] [Archaeology]
http://www.sacred-destinations.com/greece/athens-areopagus-mars-hill.htm


Megiddo [images] [Israel]
http://www.tau.ac.il/~archpubs/megiddo/index.html


Mesha Stele Photo Moabite Stone
Language: Moabite (a West Semitic Language)
Medium: basalt stone stele
Size: 1.15 meters high, 60-68 centimeters wide
Length: 35 lines of writing
Honoree: Mesha, king of Moab
(late 9th century BCE)
Approximate Date: 830 BCE
Place of Discovery: Dhiban [in modern Jordan]
Date of Discovery: 1868
Current Location: Louvre Museum (Paris, France)
Inventory number: AO 5066
http://www.bible-history.com/acp/images/artifacts/moabite_stone.swf


Model of Herod's Temple From K. C. Hanson's Gallery of Photos of Syria & Israel. Model of Herod's Temple; Holyland Hotel, Jerusalem. Note: The model shows Jerusalem as it must have looked in 63 AD., the end of the Second Temple era, just before the Romans destroyed the Temple in 70 AD. The models construction was supervised by Prof. Michael Avi Yonah and was based on descriptions of the city given by Flavius Josephus, the Talmuds, the Mishna, the Tosephtha, recent archaeological discoveries, and contemporary sources. Jesus called this "My Father's House."
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/temple.html


Mount Tabor Photo from Christian Resource Institute. Mount Tabor, Hebrew HAR TAVOR, Arabic JABAL AT-TUR, historic elevation of northern Israel, in Lower Galilee near the edge of the Plain of Esdraelon ('Emeq Yizre'el). Though comparatively low (1,929 feet [588 m]), it dominates the level landscape around it, leading to the biblical expression 'like Tabor among the mountains' (Jeremiah 46:18). Mount Tabor is the traditional site of the Transfiguration of Jesus.
http://www.crivoice.org/phototour/ptabor.html


Old Latin Bible open on double page, close-up, overhead view (Tony Stone Images)
http://www.bible-history.com/acp/images/stone/tony-993445-001.swf


Olive Tree on the Mount of Olives Olive Tree on the Mount of Olives, Jerusalem. Jesus is seen many times in the gospel accounts at the Mount of Olives. He prayed in the garden of Gethsemene which means "olive press." From Christian Resource Institute.
http://www.crivoice.org/phototour/polivetree.html


Ossuaries found in Dominus Flevit on Mount of Olives [images] [Archaeology]
http://holylandarchive.com/photos_src/IJNTML06_800.jpg


Ossuaries from Temple Mount Excavation [images] [Archaeology]
http://research.haifa.ac.il/~hecht/ossuaries.jpg


Palace Complex: Structures, Reliefs, and Inscriptions PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Complex.html


Palace of Darius PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html


PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN Palace of Darius, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html


Picture of The Rosetta Stone This stone held the key to the deciphering of the ancient Hieroglyphs of Egypt [Bible History Online Study]
http://www.bible-history.com/images/rosetta.jpg


Ruth and Naomi (engraving) Bible Images: Book of Ruth. Ruth and Naomi (engraving) [Blueletter Bible Maps and Images]
http://www.blueletterbible.org/images/bible_images/Ruth/ruth_naomi1.html


Seals and Seal Impressions PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Seals.html


Shamshi-Adad V From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. Shamshi-Adad V; Assyrian Emperor; (reigned 823"811 BC); limestone stele; Pergamon Museum, Berlin
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/king3.html


Song of Solomon Bible Images: Song of Solomon. [Blueletter Bible Maps and Images]
http://www.blueletterbible.org/images/bible_images/Song/sgs_1_1_1.html


Steps to the Mikveh, Qumran Steps leading down to the Mikveh, or ritual emersion baths, at the settlement of Qumran at the northwestern edge of the Dead Sea in the Jordan Valley.
http://www.crivoice.org/phototour/pmikveh.html


Story of Samson Bible Images: Story of Samson. [Blueletter Bible Maps and Images]
http://www.blueletterbible.org/images/bible_images/Samson/samson_lion1.html


Striding Lion Iraq: Babylon, Processional Avenue north of the Ishtar Gate Neo-Babylonian Period; Reign of Nebuchadnezzar II, ca. 604-562 B.C. Molded brick with polychrome glaze; Purchased in Berlin, 1931. "This colorful striding lion, its mouth opened in a threatening roar, once decorated a side of the 'Processional Way' in ancient Babylon (the Biblical city of Babel). The 'Processional Way' led out of the city through a massive gate named for the Mesopotamian goddess of love and war, Ishtar, whose symbol was the lion. Each year, during the celebration of the great New Year Festival, the images of the city's deities were carried out through the Ishtar Gate and along the 'Processional Way' past some 120 lions such as this one to a special festival house north of the city."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A7481.html


Taylor's Life of Christ Bible Images: Taylor's Life of Christ. [Blueletter Bible Maps and Images]
http://www.blueletterbible.org/images/bible_images/Taylor/teach_multitudes.html


The Apadana PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Apadana.html


The famous Corinth Canal shortens the voyage from the Adriatic to Piraeus by 200 miles [images] [Archaeology]
http://www.galenfrysinger.com/corinth_canal_greece.htm


The Gate of Xerxes PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Gate_Xerxes.html


The Habakkuk Commentary from Qumran From K. C. Hanson's Gallery of Photos of Syria & Israel. 1QpHab: The Habakkuk Pesher (The Commentary on Habakkuk from Qumran, Cave 1).
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/1qphab.html


The headwaters of the Jordan at Banias. [images] [Israel]
http://www.bibleplaces.com/images/Dan_headwaters_of_Jordan_tb_n011500_wr.jpg


The King James Version of 1611 Nice image. 1611 AD. [English Versions] [Images] [Bible History]
http://www.bible-researcher.com/kjv-heb.html


The main street in Ancient Corinth [images] [Archaeology]
http://lh4.ggpht.com/_iR7DKXFwE1o/Rgwq4O33L2I/AAAAAAAAAE8/2f0BahP4sjQ/HPIM0695.JPG


The Mesha Stele (The Moabite Stone. Description with text. 830 BCE.
http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/westsem/mesha.html


The Palace of Xerxes PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Xerxes.html


The Throne Hall PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html
http://oi.uchicago.edu/museum/collections/pa/persepolis/throne_hall.html


The Throne Hall PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Throne_Hall.html


The Treasury PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Treasury.html


The Valley of Hinnom- Gehenna! Getting Oriented In The Hinnom Valley (Jerusalem) Locating The Solomonic Temple "And go forth unto the valley of the son of Hinnom, which is by the entry of the east gate, and proclaim there the words that I shall tell thee," Jeremiah 19:2 KJV [images] [Israel]
http://members.fortunecity.com/brianshouse/briansannex/hinnomvalley.html


The View from Mount Nebo Photo from Christian Resource Institute. "This is the Jordan Valley as seen from the top of Mount Nebo in the Transjordan region (the modern Kingom of Jordan). The Jordan river is the faint diagonal line in the center of the photo, and the land beyond is Israel, the modern nation of Israel. This view is toward the northwest in the direction of Shechem (Samaria)." This was the mountain where Moses viewed the promised land.
http://www.crivoice.org/phototour/pnebo.html


Ugaritic Clay Tablet From K. C. Hanson's Gallery of Photos of Syria & Israel. Ugaritic clay tablet From Sapanu. Banco de Datos Filolsgicos Semmticos Noroccidentales (CSIC-Instituto de Filologma, Madrid) note: The Semitic language of ancient Ugarit closely related to Phoenician and Hebrew
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/ugtab.html


Ugaritic god Ba'al From K. C. Hanson's Gallery of Photos of Syria & Israel. Ba'al Ugaritic god of Storms & War; 14th century BC. Bronze & gold statue. Note: The adjective "Ugaritic" is characteristic of the ancient city of Ugarit.
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/baal2.html


View of East Stairway of the Apadana, looking northwest PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Cover_72dpi.html


View of the Roman Siege Camp at the foot of Masada. [images] [Israel]
http://the-travel-chronicles.com/images/masada/roman%20camp.jpg


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