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February 24    Scripture

Bible History: O.T. Studies


2nd Kings Matthew Henry`s Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible [O.T. Studies] [Bible History]
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/henry/mhc2.xii.i.html


A brief note about the Documentary Hypothesis... "The evidence presented here points to the following conclusion: there is much more uniformity and much less fragmentation in the book of Genesis than generally assumed. The standard division of Genesis into J, E, and P strands should be discarded. This method of source criticism is a method of an earlier age, predominantly of the 19th century. If new approaches to the text, such as literary criticism of the type advanced here, deem the Documentary Hypothesis unreasonable and invalid, then source critics will have to rethink earlier conclusions and start anew." [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/dochypo.html


A Glossary on the Old Testament Author notes, "This list is not exhaustive and should not be used as a substitute for a good Bible dictionary when doing interpretation." [Old Testament Studies] [Bbible History]
http://www.bluecord.org/moodle/mod/glossary/view.php?id=104


Adam, Eve, and Incest [Old Testament Studies] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/qincest.html


Bible History Online Images and resources for the study of Biblical history.
http://www.bible-history.com


Blood Atonement This is perhaps the most difficult truth for mankind to accept, that the life of an innocent victim would be slaughtered on behalf of the guilty. To fully understand this we need to go back to the garden of Eden in the Book of Genesis. By Rusty Russell, Bible History online
http://www.bible-history.com/tabernacle/TAB4Blood_Atonement.htm


Blood Atonement This is perhaps the most difficult truth for mankind to accept, that the life of an innocent victim would be slaughtered on behalf of the guilty. To fully understand this we need to go back to the garden of Eden in the Book of Genesis.
http://www.bible-history.com/resource/r_blood.htm


Building of the Tabernacle God directed the people of Israel to construct a dwelling place for Himself in the midst of the people so they would know of his abiding presence and guidance. Moses was given the particulars on Mt. Sinai and construction began shortly after. Exodus 36:8ff; 40 Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/event8.htm


CLARKE`S COMMENTARY - HAGGAI Brief study in Haggai from The Adam Clarke Commentary (Old Testament Studies) [Bible History]
http://www.studylight.org/com/acc/view.cgi?book=hag&chapter=001


CLARKE`S COMMENTARY - JOB 38 [O.T. Studies] [Bible History]
http://www.studylight.org/com/acc/view.cgi?book=job&chapter=038


Creation The act of creation is given in terms of fiat and fulfillment. There is the command 'let there be' and then the fulfillment 'then there was'. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/event2.htm


Creation and the Flood Some literary data against the hypothesis that the creation/flood accounts , the Mosaic law and other books of the OT were 'borrowed' from surrounding religious traditions [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.cameronlaw.com/study/71.php


Did God Order the Massacre of Canaanites? From Christian Resource Institute FAQ. A short answer to the question, "Did God Order the Massacre of Canaanites?"
http://www.cresourcei.org/killcanaanites.html


Divided Kingdom From the days when Israel demanded a king like the other nations, not recognising that Yahweh was their king, Israel had been heading toward conflict. 2 Samuel 20 With the increase of Idolatry in Israel through Solomon's wives, God purposed to divide the kingdom in two in order to preserve for himself a people who would be faithful. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/event10.htm


Evidence for the doctrine of the Trinity within the O.T. Is there evidence for the doctrine of the Trinity within the OT? [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/trin02.html


Exactly WHEN was the name of YHWH revealed to Israel? [Old Testament Studies] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/qyhwh.html


Firstfruits Jesus in The Feasts of Israel; Firstfruits marked His resurrection. [O. T. Studies] [Bible History]
http://oncedelivered.wordpress.com/2008/05/29/jesus-in-the-feasts-of-israel-the-feast-of-firstfruits/


Frequently Asked Questions About Scripture Apologetics: Defending the Faith Blessed Virgin Mary Canon Law Catholic Doctrine and Catechetics Eastern Catholic Churches History and the Catholic Tradition Liturgy and Sacred Music Moral Theology Natural Family Planning Philosophy Pro-Life Issues Scripture, Divine Revelation Spiritual Theology & Questions
http://www.ewtn.com/expert/expertfaqframe.asp?source=/ewtn/experts/conference.htm


General Information about the Book of Genesis Genesis, the first book of the Old Testament in the Bible, is so named because it opens with an account of the creation of the world. The first 11 chapters, which are heavily indebted to Mesopotamian tradition, trace the gradual expansion of humankind and the development of human culture. But they show the ambiguity of this development by incorporating stories about the sin of Adam and Eve and about the Deluge, both of which illustrate humankind's growing alienation from God and one another. [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://mb-soft.com/believe/txs/genesis.htm


Giving of the Law Law in Israel existed long before the Ten Commandments were given even though there is no formal account in Scripture. However it is clear from the early chapter of Genesis that there were laws and regulations which were binding on the people of God. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/event6.htm


God as a "Jealous" God From Christian Resource Institute FAQ. A short answer to the question about God as a "jealous" God.
http://www.cresourcei.org/jealous.html


Good questions on JEDP "The evidence presented here points to the following conclusion: there is much more uniformity and much less fragmentation in the book of Genesis than generally assumed. The standard division of Genesis into J, E, and P strands should be discarded. This method of source criticism is a method of an earlier age, predominantly of the 19th century. If new approaches to the text, such as literary criticism of the type advanced here, deem the Documentary Hypothesis unreasonable and invalid, then source critics will have to rethink earlier conclusions and start anew." [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/qjedp.html


Historical Books The second section of the Old Testament is the historical narratives. This section would include the books of Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings, 1 and 2 Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah. There were two major groups which occupied the land of Israel in the early days of Israel's conquest. They were the Amorites and Canaanites. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/books3.htm


Hittite Treaty forms The ANE (Ancient Near East) of the second millennium utilized a treaty form that has come to be called the Hittite vassal treaty. This treaty format had a VERY specific structure, with little or no variability in the order of those elements. It was pervasive in the ANE throughout the 2nd millennium, and an earlier form of it can be found in the 3rd millennium as well. But in the 1st millennium, treaty forms differed substantially from this format, and the general treaty form was essentially 'lost' to history until archeological discoveries in the last century. [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/aecy.html


How did Moses get Balaam's prophecies in Numbers? Balaam was an international prophet of high repute. And, as most important prophets his messages would be written down, esp. when delivered to/for royalty. [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/aecy.html


is thereProof that the Earth is 6000 years old? Data in favour of the hypothesis that Genesis is a very old document (as old as it says it is.....) [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.independencebaptist.org/6,000%20year%20old%20earth/6,000_year_old_earth.htm


Israel's knowledge of Canaanite practices BEFORE the exodus What data do we have that helps us formulate an understanding of how Israel had 'access' to data about Canaan? [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/aecy.html


Issue of Borrowing One issue that typically arises in a study of the writing and transmission of the OT 'core' material, is that of 'borrowing'. This issue concerns to what extent the OT writers 'borrowed' ideas, theology, laws, religious practices from their 'pagan' neighbors, maybe even to the point of being dependent on those pagan ideas. There are those who claim that Judeo-Christianity is a 'copycat' religion, being created by massive plagiarism of the other (perhaps more basic and 'truer') religions of the world. Since many of the alleged 'borrowings' occurred in the Wisdom Books of Proverbs, Job, and Ecclesiastes, I thought it would be good to survey these allegations, as well as to sketch out the nature and extent of Israel's borrowings from her neighbors in the ANE (Ancient Near East). [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/aecb.html


King Solomon's Temple Biblical Data In the midst of great prosperity in the land of Israel, King Solomon built a temple for the name of the Lord God. 'And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life.' 1 Kings 4:21 Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/arch6.htm


Kingdom of God The Hope of Israel was the hope of the coming Kingdom of God. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/theme6.htm


Miracles The term miracle is a general term used to describe extraordinary workings of God in the world during certain times of man's history. However there are several terms used in Greek and Hebrew to describe what is commonly called miracle. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/theme7.htm


Names of God The Bible has many names for God and they are windows through which His character is seen. The names of God tell us many wonderful things about Him. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/theme2.htm


Noah's Ark God commanded Noah to build an ark to deliver Noah, his immediate family and every kind of animal from a universal flood which destroyed every living creature which lived upon the earth because of mans wickedness. Genesis 6 The word in Hebrew means chest, box or boat and is the same word used of the basket which Moses was placed in on the Nile river. Exodus 2:3. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/object2.htm


O.T. Hebrew Poetry A distinctive Old Testament literature is what is called the Poetical books or wisdom literature. The Poetical books are Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Songs. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/theme3.htm


Old Testament Sacrifice: Magic or Sacrament? Short essay from Christian Resource Institute. Deals with the subject of sacrifice and rituals on the ancient "yom kippur" the day of atonement.
http://www.cresourcei.org/sacrifice.html


On Joshua's 'long day' [Answers] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/5felled.html#longday


On the parting of the Red Sea [Answers] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/5felled.html#partsea


On the reversal of the sun by Isaiah [Answers] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/5felled.html#sunback


Passover The Feasts of Israel; Passover announced the death of the Messiah, Yahshua. [O. T. Studies] [Bible History]
http://www.innvista.com/culture/religion/bible/compare/passover.htm


Pentateuch The term Pentateuch is the Greek name given to the first five books of the Old Testament. It comes from two Greek words, Pente meaning five and Teuchos meaning book or volume. It represents a five volume book. The books are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. They are called the Five Books of Moses because Moses has been ascribed as their author. The Jews called these books Torah, or the law and originally consisted of one scroll or book. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/books2.htm


Prayers of the Bible A simple definition of Prayer would be 'A celebration of God's perfection's and Work.' This finds expression in the elements of Prayer. The model for Prayer is given for us in what is commonly called the Lord's Prayer. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/theme5.htm


Sheol, Hell, and the Dead From Christian Resource Institute FAQ. A short answer to the question about death, hell, and the grave according to Scripture.
http://www.cresourcei.org/dead.html


Social Ethics in the Prophets Short theological essay from Christian Resource Institute. Deals with the prophets and the practical application of social ethics in the community.
http://www.cresourcei.org/socialethics.html


Ten Commandments The voice of God announced these words in the hearing of the whole assembly of Israel at the foot of Mt. Sinai. Deuteronomy 5:22 The finger of God inscribed them on both sides of the two stone tablets Exodus 31:18; 32:15 which Moses received on the mountain forty days after the making of the covenant. These were not the creation of Moses but rather the direct revelation of God. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/theme3.htm


The Conquest Under Joshua The Conquest is concerned primarily with the entering of the people of Israel into the Land of Promise under Joshua. The record is found in the first twelve chapters of the book of Joshua and continued in the book of the Judges. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/event7.htm


The Exile The term that is usually used for the Exile is Captivity. There were two major captivities of Jews recorded in the Bible. Israel was taken into Captivity in 732 B.C. by the Assyrians and Judah in 605 B.C. by the Babylonians. Each of them took place in stages over a period of time. Both were brought upon the people of God as judgment for disobedience to the word and Covenant of God. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/event11.htm


The Exodus Israel was under the bondage of Egypt for 430 years. The account can be found in Exodus 1-7 . Then God had fulfilled his promise to Abraham, Israel had become a great nation, and now it was time to fulfil the second part of the promise and provide a homeland. The journey out of the land of Egypt has been called the Exodus coming from two words 'EX' meaning 'out of' and 'Hodos' meaning 'road'. It is the road out of Egypt or the departure. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/event5.htm


The Fall The fall of man is recorded in detail for us in Genesis 3. It is presented as history and not legend, fable or parable. 2 Corinthians 11:3; John 8:44 The names of places, rivers and other locations are identified to provide its historicity. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/event3.htm


The Feast of Atonement The Feasts of Israel; Atonement will be His final judgment. [O. T. Studies] [Bible History]
http://www.awarenessministry.org/atonement.htm


The Feast of Tabernacles The Feasts of Israel; Tabernacles specifies the temporary period for His RE-creation of the new heaven and the new earth. [O. T. Studies] [Bible History]
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14425a.htm


The Feast of Trumpets The Feasts of Israel; Trumpets will announce His second coming. [O. T. Studies] [Bible History]
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15070c.htm


The Feast of Weeks The Feasts of Israel; The Feast of Weeks proclaimed the giving of His Set-Apart Spirit of Truth. [O. T. Studies] [Bible History]
http://www.christcenteredmall.com/teachings/feasts/weeks.htm


The Feasts of Israel An overview study by Gavin Finley MD. [O. T. Studies] [Bible History]
http://endtimepilgrim.org/7feasts.htm


The Flood There can be no greater event in the early period of the Old Testament which has stirred more controversy than the flood found in Genesis 6-9. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/event4.htm


The issue of borrowing - did Moses copy Hammurabi? It has long been realized that the similarities between some of the Mosaic legislation and the Law Code of Hammurabi are striking. Hammi's law is dated around 1720 b.c.--before the advent of Moses. There are those who suggest that the Law of Moses is actually a mild type of plagiarism (instead of a divinely-given law), and seek to assert substantial dependence of Moses on prior law collections. [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/aecy.html


The Laws Of The Basic Principles Of The Torah THE TEXT USED FOR THIS TRANSLATION WAS THE RAMBAM LE'AM, PUBLISHED BY MOSSAD HA'RAV KOOK, JERUSALEM.
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/Principles_of_Judaism.html


The Making of the Old Testament Data concerning HOW and TO WHAT EXTENT historical information passed down to Moses, the content originator of the first five books of the Bible. Note: The authorship of the first five books of the Bible is acribed to Moses by Jesus. This is BY FAR the most important reason to take traditional Mosaic authorship issues seriously. The antiquity and historical trustworthiness of the Pentateuch is taught very clearly by the Lord. [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/aec2.html


The Mosaic Law (was it borrowed?) Mosaic authorship of Pentateuch? Some literary data against the hypothesis that the creation/flood accounts , the Mosaic law and other books of the OT were 'borrowed' from surrounding religious traditions [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/qmoses1.html


The Prophets From 800-400 B.C. there was the flowering of the age of Prophecy. They can be broken down into several divisions. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/books5.htm


The Seventh-day Sabbath The Feasts of Israel; The Seventh-day Sabbath foreshadows the "rest" that is yet to come to the righteous in the Kingdom of Yahshua. [O. T. Studies] [Bible History]
http://www.sabbathseventhday.com/


The Tabernacle God directed the people of Israel to construct a dwelling place for Himself in the midst of the people so they would know of his abiding presence and guidance. Moses was given the particulars on Mt. Sinai and construction began shortly after. Exodus 36:8ff; 40. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/object3.htm


The Ten Commandments The Ten Commandments: Many topics,viewpoints & interpretation. [O. T. Studies] [Bible History]
http://www.religioustolerance.org/chr_10co.htm


The Travelogues of the Book of Numbers The Book of Numbers presents itself as a record of Israel's wanderings in the wilderness--from the Exodus to the preparation for entry at Jordan. One might question to what extent day-to-day record keeping was common on such journeys, esp. since most royal military campaigns ended up being inscribed on stone monuments. [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/aecy.html


Torah and the Old Testament Law Short essay from Christian Resource Institute. Torah As Holiness: Old Testament "Law" as Response to Divine Grace.
http://www.crivoice.org/torahholiness.html


Transmission of the Old Testament The OT was basically finished around 400 BC., but the earliest full copies (of all the books together) we have are from around 900 AD....we have fragments earlier, and can historically reconstruct the text back to around 100 AD. (beginning of the Talmudist period)...in this regards, the mss tradition is comparable to other classical literature...but the means of transmission of that text is so bizarre as to suggest that its reliability is very, very high... [Old Testament Studies] [Answers & Evidence] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/aecx.html


Unleavened Bread The Feasts of Israel; Unleavened Bread signified His burial. [O. T. Studies] [Bible History]
http://www.innvista.com/culture/religion/bible/compare/passover.htm


What Is in a Name? Names, and Names of God; "The importance of names becomes clear when the Creator brought forth all living things to be named."[O. T. Studies] [Bible History]
http://ldolphin.org/Names.html


Who were the Sons of God in Genesis 6? [Old Testament Studies] [Bible History]
http://www.christian-thinktank.com/qgensix.html


Wisdom Literature A distinctive Old Testament literature is what is called the Poetical books or wisdom literature. The Poetical books are Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Songs. Electronic Christian Media
http://www.abu.nb.ca/ecm/topics/books4.htm


Yom Kippur - The Great Day of Atonement One day each year the High Priest would draw aside the Veil and enter the Holy of Holies to make atonement (Heb. Kafar) and cover the nations sins from the judgement of God and receive forgiveness. It took place on the 10th day of the 7th month, Tishri. By our calendar that would be around the end of September or early October.
http://www.bible-history.com/resource/r_blood.htm


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