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October 17    Scripture

Bible History: Coins
Coins from Ancient Bible Times

Agrippa I (Coin) AD 37-44, AE Prutah, 17mm. Umbrella-like canopy, Greek inscription (the king Agrippa)/Three barley ears, date (year 6) Herod Agrippa was close to the mad emperor Caligula. In a persecution of the followers of Jesus, he executed James, "The Great." [Coins of Jesus' time]
http://www.historian.net/images/coinagripp1.jpg


Agrippa II (Coin) pre-royal coinage, mint of Caesarea Maritima, AE 19mm. Laureate bust of nero, Greek inscription (Nero Augustus Caesar)/Bust of Agrippina left, Greek inscription (Agrippina Augusta) It was under Agrippa II when the High Priest Ananus illegally executed Jesus' brother James, the Righteous (62 CE). [Coins of Jesus' time]
http://www.historian.net/images/coinagr2a.jpg


AR Shekel or Tetradrachm (Coin) Phoenicia, Tyre, after 126 BC, AR Shekel (or Tetradrachm) (14.4g). Melqarth head rt/Eagle standing left on thunderbolt. These Tyrian Tetradrachms are the "30 pieces of silver" with which the temple authorities paid Judas Iscariot. [Coins of Jesus' time]
http://www.historian.net/images/cointyre.jpg


Coin of Augustus Coin of Augustus, 27BC-AD14, AR Cistophorus (12.20g). IMP CAESAR, his head rt/Six grain ears tied together, AVGV-STVS across field, RIC478 (R). Ephesus mint. This coin would have been in circulation when the 12 year old Jesus visited the Temple for his taking of vows. [Coins of Jesus' time]
http://www.historian.net/images/coinaug.jpg


Coins references - bibliography Nicely done, in color. [Ancient Near East] [Coins]
http://www.grifterrec.com/coins/reference/reference1.html


Coponius under Augustus (Coin) AE Prutah, 16mm. Barley ear, Greek inscription (Caesar)/Palm tree, date in field (year 36 = AD6) This coin was minted by the first Prefect of Judea after the fall of Archelaus in the wake of the Galilean uprising of Judas of Gamala. Jesus would have been about 12 years old. [Coins of Jesus' time]
http://www.historian.net/images/coincop.jpg


denarius The denarius is the origin of the symbol, d, for the old British penny, to which it deteriorated as a result of inflation. On today's ancient coin market an ordinary denarius still costs about a day's pay. Denarii made for the Roman Republic (before about 44 B.C.) typically had the names of the mint master or coin designer, as in this illustration. [Bible Coins]
http://www.keyway.ca/htm2000/20000511.htm


drachm The Greek coin word used in the above text is drachm or drachma for plural. Being similar to the Roman denarius, it is worth about a day's wages. This drachm is from the Syrian Empire. [Bible Coins]
http://www.youngearth.org/Coins/Bag18.htm


Drachma The Greek coin word used in the above text is drachm or drachma for plural. Being similar to the Roman denarius, it is worth about a day's wages. This drachm is from the Syrian Empire. [Bible Coins]
http://www.youngearth.org/Coins/Bag18.htm


half shekel The annual Temple tax paid by each adult male Jew was a half shekel of silver (Exodus 30:12-15). This coin, designed in Tyre and minted there and in Jerusalem, was acceptable at the Temple to pay that tax, but coins from other locations were not. Therefore the money changers performed a necessary service, providing that they were honest. Jesus threw out those who were not, saying "Is it not written: 'My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations'? But you have made it 'a den of robbers.'" (Mark 11:17) [Bible Coins]
http://www.youngearth.org/Coins/Bag21a.htm


Herod Agrippa I (37 - 44 AD) Coins relating to the Idumaean Princes : Herod Agrippa I (37 - 44 AD) AE Prutah 41/42 AD Hendin 553, SGIC 5567 17 mm. 3.01 gm. Die position=12h reverse Obverse: Canopy with fringe; A[gamma]PI[pi]A BACI[lambda]EWC. Reverse: Three ears of barley, growing between two leaves; date L[stigma]. [Israel] [Coin Collecting]
http://www.jewishcoins.net/ancient-israel-coins/herod-agrippa%20I.html


Herod Agrippa I (37 - 44 AD) reverse Coins relating to the Idumaean Princes : Herod Agrippa I (37 - 44 AD) AE Prutah 41/42 AD Hendin 553, SGIC 5567 17 mm. 3.01 gm. Die position=12h reverse Obverse: Canopy with fringe; A[gamma]PI[pi]A BACI[lambda]EWC. Reverse: Three ears of barley, growing between two leaves; date L[stigma]. [Israel] [Coin Collecting]
http://www.grifterrec.com/coins/judaea/i_judaea_553.jpg


Herod Antipas (Coin) AE 1/4 Unit. Reed and date (LK'delta'), Greek inscription (=Herod Tetrarch)/TIB.PIAC in 2 lines in wreath, H65. Herod Antipas was the Tetrarch of the Galilee. [Coins of Jesus' time]
http://www.historian.net/images/coinant.jpg


Herod Archelaus (Coin) 4BC-6AD, AE Prutot, 18mm. Double cornucopiae with parallel horns, Greek inscription (Herod)/War galley left, Greek inscription above (Ethnarch). This coin was in circulation during the early childhood of Jesus in Nazareth. [Coins of Jesus' time]
http://www.historian.net/images/coinarch.jpg


Herod I, the Great (Coin) 40-4 BC,AE 8 Prutot, 23mm. Tripod, date (year 3) and monogram in Greek (of king Herod)/Helmet, star above flanked by 2 palm branches. This coin would have been in circulation when Joseph became betrothed to Mary. [Coins of Jesus' time]
http://www.historian.net/images/coinhrd.jpg


Herod I, the Great - 2 (Coin) Herod I, 'the Great', 40-4 BC, AE 8 Prutot. Crested helmet and star flanked by palms/Thymaterion (incense burner), date(year 3) and monogram, Greek legend around (= of King Herod) This coin was in circulation when the Bar Yosef family was in Egypt. [Coins of Jesus' time]
http://www.historian.net/images/coinhrd2.jpg


Pontius Pilate under Tiberius (Coin) AE Prutah, 15mm. Simpulum, Greek inscription and date LIS (year 16 = AD29)/Three wheat ears, Greek inscription. This coin was minted and in circulation during the active ministry of Jesus. [Coins of Jesus' time]
http://www.historian.net/images/coinpil1.jpg


Pontius Pilate under Tiberius 2 (Coin) AE Prutah, 14mm. Lituus and Greek inscription (Tiberius Caesar)/Date LIH (year 18 = AD31) in wreath. This coin was minted after the crucifixion and was in circulation while Paul was persecuting Jesus' followers. [Coins of Jesus' time]
http://www.historian.net/images/coinpil2.jpg


Porcius Festus (59 - 62 AD) Coins relating to the Roman Procurators : Porcius Festus (59 - 62 AD) AE Prutah 58 AD Hendin 653, SGIC 5627 17 mm. 2.29 gm. Die position=12h Procurator under Nero reverse Obverse: Palm branch surrounded by date LE (year 5) and KAIC APOC. Reverse: Legend NEP WNO C (Nero) within wreath tied with X at bottom. [Israel] [Coin Collecting]
http://www.grifterrec.com/coins/judaea/i_judaea_653_2.jpg


Porcius Festus (59 - 62 AD) reverse Coins relating to the Roman Procurators : Porcius Festus (59 - 62 AD) AE Prutah 58 AD Hendin 653, SGIC 5627 17 mm. 2.29 gm. Die position=12h Procurator under Nero reverse Obverse: Palm branch surrounded by date LE (year 5) and KAIC APOC. Reverse: Legend NEP WNO C (Nero) within wreath tied with X at bottom. [Israel] [Coin Collecting]
http://www.romancoins.net/large%20html%20picture%20pages/Biblical%20Coins/BC-14%20Antonius%20Felix%20under%20Nero%201.jpg


Render Unto Caesar Coin notice what else is on the coin as titles (missing letters in small print). On the back Tiberius is called PONTIFex MAXIMus (high priest). But the Jews had their own high priest and Jesus is our High Priest. On the front is TIberius CAESAR DIVIni AUGusti Filius AUGUSTUS (=Tiberius, Caesar, Son of the Divine Augustus, Augustus). Since his father Augustus had already been declared a god, that would make Tiberius the son of a god. [Bible Coins]
http://www.youngearth.org/Coins/Bag20.htm


shekel-Syria Judas was probably paid 30 shekels, one of which may have been of the type in this picture. This Syrian tetradrachm (shekel) was issued by the Romans in 46-40 B.C. copying the design issued under Philip Philadelphos, 93-83 B.C., but on a smaller coin. On the back side Zeus is holding Nike. [Bible Coins]
http://www.grifterrec.com/coins/judaea/i_judaea_653_2.jpg


shekel-Tyre Only the silver shekel minted in Tyre or Syria was acceptable at the Jerusalem Temple. Images of any god were forbidden, but all shekels from foreign countries had them. This one pictures the minor Greek god Melqarth, one of the least offensive to the Jews. All other silver coins had to be converted into this (or the Syrian) type for Temple use. So the 30 pieces of silver given to Judas were most likely 30 of these shekels. This shekel of Tyre was made in Jerusalem in 3 or 4 A.D. [Bible Coins]
http://www.youngearth.org/Coins/Bag21.htm


The Virtual Catalog of Roman Coins The VCRC is an innovative project based on the collaboration of private coin collectors and dealers and a college professor who wants to create a useful resource for his students, other teachers and their students, and the general public. The images and initial descriptions are provided by collectors and professional numismatists, allowing us to present a more extensive database of coins that would otherwise be possible. [Biblical and Other Coins]
http://vcrc.austincollege.edu/


the widow's mite The coin name in King James English is the widow's "mite". The proper Greek name is lepton for any coin in this exhibit with similar size. The illustrated coin was one of the first, and most common, Jewish coins ever minted, dating from the time of Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 B.C.), a descendent of Judas Maccabee. Jewish leptons often show defects of hasty mintage methods.
http://www.youngearth.org/Coins/Bag17.htm


Tiberius (Coin) AD14-37, AR Denarius. Bust rt/PONT MAXIM, 'Livia' seated rt. as Pax holds branch, SR567. This is the "Tribute Penny" These coins would have been in circulation throughout Jesus' adult life. This would have been the coin he held for his "render to Caesar" response. [Coins of Jesus' time]
http://www.historian.net/images/cointib.jpg


Tiberius, Tribute Penny Among collectors of ancient coins, the Tribute Penny has great appeal, especially to Christians. You may recall from your study of the Bible that Matthew 22:17-22, Mark 12:15-17 and Luke 20:22-26 all describe Jesus commenting on a denarius, a coin that we would refer to today as a "penny". [Bible] [Rome] [Coin]
http://www.oceanlight.com/log/the-tribute-penny.html


Valerius Gratus under Tiberius (Coin) AE Prutah, 16mm. Greek inscription (Julia - refers to Julia Livia, mother of Tiberius) in wreath/Laurel branch, date (year 2 = AD15). This coin was in circulation when Joseph Caiaphas was appointed Hight Priest. [Coins of Jesus' time]
http://www.historian.net/images/coinval.jpg


Widow`s Mites A popular Biblical coin Mark 12:42-44 and Luke 21:2-4 tell the story of the Widow who gave all she had, two "mites". A number of tiny copper coins circulated in Judaea during the time of Christ so there is no way to establish any particular design as "the" Widow`s Mite. The coins were produced in vast quantities through the first century BC and first century AD. The quality of workmanship employed in the production of these coins varied from rushed to misreable. It is rather unusual to find a single coin that shows all of the legends and design on both sides. Sizes of individual specimens also vary greatly (some were halves of the whole `prutah` which itself was worth half of a Roman quadrans, the smallest denomination then being produced at Rome). Greek & Other Ancient Coins [Greece] [Coin Collecting]
http://dougsmith.ancients.info/feac47wid.html


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