Babylonian Calendar

Nisanu (the first month)

Aiaru (Procession month)

Simanu (Time of brickmaking)

Duzu (Month of Tammuz)

Abu (Moth of torches)

Ululu (Month of purification)

Tashritu (Month of beginnings)

Arahsamnu (Eighth month)

Kislimu

Tebetu (Month of violent rains)

Shabatu (Month of rain)

Addaru (Month of threshing)

 

Note: In post exilic books Babylonian names are employed for Jewish months.

 

The Babylonians

In ancient Babylon the study of science was very advanced, especially during Nebuchadnezzar’s time. Many priests became astronomers, scientists who observed and recorded the movements of the stars and planets. For centuries, the Babylonians had excelled in astronomy and mathematics. Early astronomers developed calendars based on the phases of the moon. At first their calendars were not synchronized with the movements of the sun. Later, by adding seven months every nineteen years, the astronomers created a more accurate calendar.

 

Another incredible scientific achievement was the division of the hour into 60 minutes. Our current use of an hour that is 60 minutes long originates with the Babylonians.

 

The Egyptians

As with the Babylonians, the Egyptians also invented a lunar calendar, but it was based on both the moon and a star. The Egyptians had observed the annual appearance of Sirius, the brightest star. They noticed that it was invisible for several months, but then it appeared each year just at the time of the flooding. Their calendar was more accurate than the Babylonian one, corresponding almost exactly with the seasons.

 

Macedonian Calendar

Dios

Apellaios

Audynaios

Peritios

Dystros

Xanthikos

Artemisios

Daisios

Panemos

Loos

Gorpiaios

Hyperberetaios

 

The Jewish Calendar in Ancient Hebrew History

Bible History Online

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The Jewish Calendar in Old Testament Times (Click around the Image)

jewishyear_shg.jpg Nisan - Ancient Hebrew Calendar Iyyar - Ancient Hebrew Calendar Sivan - Ancient Hebrew Calendar Tammuz - Ancient Hebrew Calendar Av - Ancient Hebrew Calendar Elul - Ancient Hebrew Calendar Tishri - Ancient Hebrew Calendar Heshvan - Ancient Hebrew Calendar Chislev - Ancient Hebrew Calendar Tebeth - Ancient Hebrew Calendar Shebat - Ancient Hebrew Calendar Adar - Ancient Hebrew Calendar The Jewish Year in Ancient Hebrew History

Nisan

Iyyar

Sivan

Tammuz

Av

Elul

Tishri

Heshvan

Chislev

Tebeth

Shebat

Adar

 

Introduction

Overview

Feasts and Festivals

Babylonian Calendar

History of the Jewish Calendar

Dictionaries and Encyclopedias

God's Calendar - Heart Message

 

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The Ancient Jewish Calendar
Bible History Online

The Story of the Bible


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