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Roman Soldier. The DRESS of a soldier consisted of (1) tunica militaris, a
woollen shirt with short sleeves, (2) a sagum, sagulum, a woollen cloak reaching down to the knees and fastened on the shoulder with a clasp, (3) a
cingulum militare, a belt. His EQUIPMENT included (4) an infantry helmet, and
(5) a scutum, an oblong shield made of wood, covered with leather and metal, and
carried on the left arm. In addition a soldier of the legion wore a harness of
metal plates on his chest. His WEAPONS were: the gladius (the short, straight,
two-edged sword with which he would thrust rather than slash), and this he
carried on a belt either from the shoulder or round the waist; the javelin "pilum"
(six foot long spear, with a pointed spearhead of flexible metal).