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|N||ext Mary Visits Elizabeth|
39 Now Mary arose in those days and went into the hill country with haste, to a
city of Judah,
Luke 1:39-56 Historical Notes
40 and entered the house of Zacharias and greeted Elizabeth.
41 And it happened, when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, that the babe leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.
42 Then she spoke out with a loud voice and said, "Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb!
43 "But why is this granted to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?
44 "For indeed, as soon as the voice of your greeting sounded in my ears, the babe leaped in my womb for joy.
45 "Blessed is she who believed, for there will be a fulfillment of those things which were told her from the Lord."
46 And Mary said: "My soul magnifies the Lord,
47 And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.
48 For He has regarded the lowly state of His maidservant; for behold, henceforth all generations will call me blessed.
49 For He who is mighty has done great things for me, and holy is His name.
50 And His mercy is on those who fear Him from generation to generation.
51 He has shown strength with His arm; he has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts.
52 He has put down the mighty from their thrones, and exalted the lowly.
53 He has filled the hungry with good things, and the rich He has sent away empty.
54 He has helped His servant Israel, in remembrance of His mercy,
55 As He spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and to his seed forever."
56 And Mary remained with her about three months, and returned to her house.
- It is noteworthy that Luke alone recorded that Jesus coming into the world was heralded by the songs of Elizabeth, Mary, Zacharias, Simeon and the hymn of the angels.
- Luke records the whole account of the history of the gospel of Jesus Christ from the very beginning.
- Elizabeth lived in the hill country of Judea. Since she was of the tribe of Levi, it may have been Hebron , a Levitical city (Josh 21:11).- Elizabeth was Mary's cousin.
- Elizabeth was in her old age and barren. According to the Jews it was a sign of God's displeasure to be barren and a reproach.
- Elizabeth was older than Mary and the daughter of a priest.
- There were certain devoted people who were spiritually sensitive and were "waiting for the consolation of Israel" and praying for his appearance.
- Zacharias (Z'kharyah) was in old age and he and his wife Elizabeth (Elisheva) were both descendants of Aaron the ancient high priest. They were among those who truly observed the ceremonies and God's laws and were hoping in the coming of the Messiah.
- When the angel mentioned to Mary about Elizabeth's pregnancy, Mary immediately journeyed to visit her cousin Elizabeth. We know this because The angel declared that Elizabeth was 6 months pregnant and when Mary came to stay with her she stayed for about 3 months.
- There is no clear indication that Mary told anyone about her own pregnancy.
- Mary's journey from Nazareth to the village in the hill country south of Jerusalem was 97 miles to the south (about a five day journey in those days).
- Elizabeth was bearing John the Baptist, who leaped in Elizabeth's womb by the Holy Spirit upon the visitation of Mary, which is a clear indication of John's ministry - to give glory and be a messenger to the Messiah.
- According to Jewish tradition an unborn infant can give a sign from inside the womb.
- "the mother of my Lord" refers to the mother of the Lord Messiah and there is no basis for the term "Mother of God" given to her centuries later. There is no room for the dogma that Mary was immaculately conceived or personally sinless.
- This song of Elizabeth is real poetry and the first of the New Testament songs. The first song of the New Testament was sung by a woman.
- It is noteworthy that Elizabeth immediately gives praise to the Lord and humbly acknowledges that a much greater honor has been bestowed upon Mary than upon herself who had been barren. Elizabeth shows no sign of jealousy.
- Mary's song of praise is called the "magnificat" in the sections first word in the Latin Vulgate, Jerome's translation of the Bible into Latin around 400 A.D.
- Mary song is divided into 4 stanzas of 4 lines each, except the 3rd which has 6. (1) verses 47-48 (2) 49-50 (3) 51-53 (4) 54-55.
- Mary's song is Hebrew in thought and manner and totally made up from Old Testament quotations, giving them a higher application and deeper meaning. (verse 46 - Ps 34:2, verse 47 - Ps 35:9; verse 48 - 1 Sam 1:11; verse 49 - Ps 111:9; verse 50 - Ps 103:17; verse 51 - Ps 89:11; verse 52 - Job 12:19 and 5:11; verse 53 - 1 Sam 2:5 and Ps 107:9; verse 54 - Ps 98:3; verse 55 - Gen 17:7, 19 and Mic 7:20).
- The theme of praise here is that God is true to His promises.
- Mary exalts the Lord for His power, His holiness, His mercy and His faithfulness.
- In Mary's song she calls God her "savior" which clearly indicates that she was a sinner, seeing that only sinners have need of a savior.
- Mary's song is modeled after that of Hannah (1 Sam 2:1-10) who also rejoiced in the promise of a son (Samuel). It is different in the fact that Hannah's song was a song of personal triumph over her enemies.
- "scattered the proud" is a Hebrew idiom used frequently in the Old Testament, Ex 15:6; Ps 98:1; Ps 136:12; Is 51:9.
- Filling the hungry and sending away the rich are spiritual terms.
- Everything that Elizabeth and Mary said was historically true.
- Mary stayed with Elizabeth for 3 months, the time John was born, then she returned to Nazareth.
"I marvel that whereas the ambitious dreams of myself, Caesar, and Alexander should have vanished into thin air, a Judean peasant - Jesus should be able to stretch his hands across the centuries and control the destinies of men and nations." - Napoleon I Bonaparte (1809)
The Birth of John the Baptist
The History of the Birth of Jesus
NazarethGabriel Announces to Mary (Lk 1:26-38).
BethlehemThe Decree of Augustus Caesar and the Birth of Christ (Lk 2:1-7). The Second Visitors - Magi (Mat 2:1-12).
JerusalemJesus is Circumcised and Presented in the Temple (Lk 2:21-38).
EgyptOut of Egypt (Mat 2:13-23).
Jesus' Early YearsJerusalem
The JordanJesus is Baptized in the Jordan (Mat 3:13-17; Mk 1:9-11; Lk 3:21-23).
The WildernessThe Temptation in the Wilderness (Mat 4:1-11; Mk 1:12, 13; Lk 4:1-13). The Testimony of John (Jn 1:19-34).
The First PassoverJerusalem A House of Merchandise (Jn 2:13-25). Jesus Baptizes (Jn 3:22, with 4:2).
GalileeHe Departed Again to Galilee (Mat 4:12; Mk 1:14; Lk 4:14; Jn 4:1-3).
SamariaThe Woman at the Well (Jn 4:4-42). Physician, Heal Yourself! (Mat 4:13-16; Lk 4:16-31).
Sea of GalileePeter, Andrew, James, and John (Mat 4:18-22; Mk 1:16-20; Lk 5:1-11).
GalileeAnd Jesus Went About All Galilee . . Teaching (Mat 4:23-25; Mk 1:35-39, Lk 4:42-44). Then a Leper Came to Him (Mat 8:2-4; Mk 1:40-45; Lk 5:12- 16).
JerusalemHealing at the Pool of Bethesda on the Sabbath Day (Jn 5:1-47). And in His Name Gentiles Will Trust (Mat 12:15-21; Mk 3:7-12) The Sermon on the Mount (Mat 5-7; Lk 6:20-49). My Yoke is Easy and My Burden is Light (Mat 11:20-30).
CapernaumThe Woman With the Alabaster Flask (Lk 7:36-50). The Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit (Mat 12:22-37; Mk 3: 19-30; Lk 11:14-20). Woe to You, Scribes and Pharisees, Hypocrites (Lk 11:37-54). Parable of the Fig Tree (Lk 13:6-9). Many Such Parables (Mat 13:24-53; Mk 4:26-34).
Sea of GalileeJesus Rebukes the Storm (Mat 8:18-27; Mk 4:35-41; Lk 8:22-25). The Herd of Many Swine (Mat 8:28-33; Mk 5:1-21; Lk 8:26-40).
NazarethHe Came Again to His Own City (Mat 9:1; Mk 5:21 Lk 8:40). Jairus' Daughter and the Woman With the Flow of Blood (Mat 9:18-26; Mk 5:22-43; Lk 8:41-56). A Prophet is Not Without Honor Except in His Own Country (Mat 13:53-58; Mk 6:1-6). Sent His Disciples Out With Power and Authority (Mat 10; Mk 6:6-13, Lk 9:1-6).
MachaerusJohn the Baptist is Beheaded (Mat 14:1, 2, 6-12, Mk 6:14-16, 21-29; Lk 9:7-9).
Near BethsaidaThe Disciples Return, Feeding Five Thousand (Mat 14:13-21; Mk 6:30-44; Lk 9:10-17, Jn 6:1-14).
Sea of GalileeThey Saw Him Walking on the Sea (Mat 14:22-36; Mk 6:45-56; Jn 6:15-21).
Do you also want to go away? (Jn 6:66-71). A Woman of Canaan (Mat 15:21-28; Mk 7:24-30). Feeding Four Thousand (Mat 15:32-39; Mk 8:1-9). And He Was Transfigured (Mat 17:1-13; Mk 9:2-13; Lk 9:28-36). Speaks Again of His Death (Mat 17:22, 23; Mk 9:30-32; Lk 9:43-45).
CapernaumMiracle of the Coin in the Fish's Mouth (Mat 17:24-27). He Who is Not Against Us is On Our Side (Mk 9:38, 39; Lk 9:49, 50).
The Feast of TabernaclesJerusalem The Lord Appointed Seventy Others (Lk 10:1-16). Teaches in the Temple at the Feast of Tabernacles (Jn 7:14-53; 8:1-59). The Report of the Seventy (Lk 10:17-24).
BethanyThe House of Mary and Martha (Lk 10:38-42).
JerusalemI Was Blind, Now I See (Jn 9:1-41). They Picked Up Stones To Stone Him (Jn 10:22-39).
BethabaraBeyond the Jordan (Jn 10:40-42; 11:3-16).
BethanyJesus Raises Lazarus from the Dead (Jn 11:1-46).
EphraimThe Declaration of Caiaphas (Jn 11:47-54).
JudeaThe Woman Who Was Bent Over (Mat 19:1, 2; Mk 10:1; Lk 13:10-35). Count the Cost (Lk 14:25-35). Exposes the Hypocrisy of the Pharisees (Lk 16:14-18). Increase Our Faith (Lk 17:1-10). Marriage and Divorce (Mat 19:3-12; Mk 10:2-12). Rich Young Ruler (Mat 19:16-22; Mk 10:17-22; Lk 18:18-24). Again Foretelling His Death (Mat 20:17-19; Mk 10:32-34; Lk 18:31-34). Zacchaeus who was a Chief Tax Collector (Lk 19:1-10). Jesus Enters the Temple (Mat 21:12, Mk 11:11; Lk 19:45). The Blind and Lame Came to Him (Mat 21:14). The Withered Fig Tree (Mat 21:17-22; Mk 11:12-14, 20-22). The Parable of the Vinedressers (Mat 21:33-46; Mk 12:1-12; Lk 20:9-19); The Parable of the Great Supper (Mat 22:1-14; Lk 14:16-24). Tested By the Sadducees (Mat 22:23-33; Mk 12:18-27; Lk 20:27-40); Beware of the Scribes and the Pharisees (Mat 23; Mk 12:38-40; Lk 20:45-47). The Prophecy of Isaiah About their Blindness (Jn 12:37-50). He Saw the City and Wept Over It (Mat 23:37; Lk 19:41-44). The Sheep and the Goats (Mat 25:31-46).
JerusalemThe Last Passover (Mat 26:17-30; Mk 14:12-25; Lk 22:7-20). The Hand of My Betrayer is With Me (Mat 26:23; Mk 14:18-21; Lk 22:21; Jn 13:18). What You Do . . Do Quickly (Mat 26:21-25; Mk 14:18-21; Lk 22:21-23; Jn 13:21-30). Jesus' Intercession (Jn 17). Betrayed and Taken (Mat 26:47-56; Mk 14:43-54, 66-72; Lk 22:47-53; Jn 18:2-12). He Sent Him to Herod (Lk 23:6-12).
CrucifixionJoseph of Arimathea (Mat 27:57-66; Mk 15:42-47; Lk 23:50-56; Jn 19:31-42).
The ResurrectionHas Appeared to Simon (Lk 24:34; 1Cor 15:5).
Road to EmmausAppears to Two Disciples on the Road to Emmaus (Mk 16:12, 13: Lk 24:13-35).
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