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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

 

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OG

(`ogh; Og): King of Bashan, whose territory, embracing 60 cities, was conquered by Moses and the Israelites immediately after the conquest of Sihon, king of the Amorites (Nu 21:33-35; Dt 3:1-12). The defeat took place at Edrei, one of the chief of these cities (Nu 21:33; Josh 12:4), and Og and his people were "utterly destroyed" (Dt 3:6). Og is described as the last of the REPHAIM (which see), or giant-race of that district, and his giant stature is borne out by what is told in Dt 3:11 of the dimensions of his "bedstead of iron" (`eres barzel), 9 cubits long and 4 broad (13 1/2 ft. by 6 ft.), said to be still preserved at Rabbath of Ammon when the verse describing it was written. It is not, of course, necessary to conclude that Og's own height, though immense, was as great as this. Some, however, prefer to suppose that what is intended is "a sarcophagus of black basalt," which iron-like substance abounds in the Hauran. The conquered territory was subsequently bestowed on the Reubenites, Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh (Nu 32:33; Dt 3:12,13). Other references to Og are Dt 1:4; 4:47; 31:4; Josh 2:10; 9:10; 13:12,30). The memory of this great conquest lingered all through the national history (Ps 135:11; 136:20). On the conquest, compare Stanley, Lectures on the History of the Jewish Church, I, 185-87.
See ARGOB; BASHAN.
James Orr

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Definition for 'OG'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". bible-history.com - ISBE; 1915.

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