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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

 

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MALCHIJAH

mal-ki'-ja (malkiyah, "Yah is king"; Melcheias, with variants):
(1) A Levite, descendant of Gershom, of those whom David set over the "service of sting" in the worship (1 Ch 6:40).
(2) The head of the 5th course of priests (1 Ch 24:9).
(3) One of the laymen who had taken "strange wives" during the exile (Ezr 10:25); the "Melchias" of 1 Esdras 9:26.
(4) Another of the same name (Ezr 10:25; two in same verse). Called "Asibias" in 1 Esdras 9:26.
(5) Another under the same offense, son of Harim (Ezr 10:31). "Melchias" in 1 Esdras 9:32.
(6) One of the "repairers" who helped with the "tower of the furnaces" (Neh 3:11).
(7) Son of Rechab ruler of Beth-haccerem, repairer of the dung gate (Neh 3:14).
(8) A goldsmith who helped in building the walls of Jerusalem (Neh 3:31).
(9) One of those at Ezra's left hand when he read the law (though possibly one of the above (Neh 8:4)). In 1 Esdras 9:44 "Melchias."
(10) One of the covenant signatories (Neh 10:3).
(11) The father of Pashhur (Neh 11:12; Jer 21:1; 38:1).
(12) A priest, a singer at the dedication of the walls of Jerusalem under Ezra and Nehemiah (Neh 12:42).
(13) (malkiyahu as above with u ending): Son of Ham-melech (or, as 1 Ki 22:26; 2 Ch 28:7 translate it, "king's son"). Jeremiah was cast into his dungeon or pit (Jer 38:6).
The King James Version spells "Malchiah" or "Malchijah" indifferently with "Melchiah" in Jer 21:1; the English Revised Version has "Malchiah" in Jer 21:1; 38:1,6, elsewhere "Malchijah"; the American Standard Revised Version has "Malchijah" throughout.
Henry Wallace

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Definition for 'MALCHIJAH'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". bible-history.com - ISBE; 1915.

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