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November 23    Scripture

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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

 

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FRET, FRETTING

(charah, ma'ar): To "fret" is from for (prefix) and etan, "to eat," "to consume." The word is both transitive and intransitive in King James Version: (1) transitive as translation of charah, "to burn," Hithpael, "to fret one's self," "to be angry" (Ps 37:1, "Fret not thyself because of evil-doers"; 37:7,8; Prov 24:19); of qatsaph, "to be angry," etc. (Isa 8:21, "They shall fret themselves, and curse," etc.); of raghaz, to be moved" (with anger, etc.) (Ezek 16:43, "Thou hast fretted me in all these things," the American Standard Revised Version "raged against me"). For Lev 13:55, see under Fretting below. (2) Intransitive, it is the translation of ra`am, "to rage," Hiphil, "to provoke to anger" (1 Sam 1:6, "Her rival provoked her sore, to make her fret"); of za`aph, "to be sad," "to fret" (Prov 19:3, "His heart fretteth against Yahweh").
Fretting in the sense of eating away, consuming, is used of the leprosy, ma'ar, "to be sharp, bitter, painful" (Lev 13:51,52; 14:44, "a fretting leprosy"; in 13:55 we have "it (is) fret inward" ("fret" past participle), as the translation of pehetheth from pahath, "to dig" (a pit), the word meaning "a depression," "a hollow or sunken spot in a garment affected by a kind of leprosy," the Revised Version (British and American) "it is a fret."
Revised Version has "fretful" for "angry" (Prov 21:19), margin "vexation."
W. L. Walker

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Definition for 'FRET, FRETTING'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". bible-history.com - ISBE; 1915.

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