International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
flur'-ish (parach, tsuts; anathallo): The translation of parach, "to break forth" (Ps 72:7; 92:12,13; Prov 14:11; Isa 66:14; Song 6:11; 7:12; the Revised Version (British and American) "budded"); of tsuts "to bloom" (Ps 72:16, 90:6; 92:7; 103:15; 132:18); ra`anan, "green," "fresh," is translated "flourishing" in Ps 92:14, the Revised Version (British and American) "green," and ra`anan, Aramaic in Dan 4:4; nubh, "to sprout" (Zec 9:17, the King James Version "cheerful").
In an interesting passage (Eccl 12:5 the King James Version), the Hiphil future of na'ats, meaning properly "to pierce or strike," hence, to slight or reject, is translated "flourish"; it is said of the old man "The almond tree shall flourish," the Revised Version (British and American) "blossom" (so Ewald, Delitzsch, etc.); na'ats has nowhere else this meaning; it is frequently rendered "contemn;" "despise," etc. Other renderings are, "shall cause loathing" (Gesenius, Knobel, etc.), "shall be despised," i.e. the hoary head; "The almond tree shall shake off its flowers," the silvery hairs falling like the fading white flowers of the almond tree; by others it is taken to indicate "sleeplessness," the name of the almond tree (shaqedh) meaning the watcher or early riser (compare Jer 1:11, "a rod of an almond-tree," literally, "a wakeful (or early) tree"), the almond being the first of the trees to wake from the sleep of winter.
"Flourish" appears once only in the New Testament, in the King James Version, as translation of anathallo, "to put forth anew," or "to make put forth anew" (Phil 4:10): "Your care for me hath flourished again," the Revised Version (British and American) "Ye have revived your thought for me."
W. L. Walker
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Definition for 'FLOURISH'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". bible-history.com - ISBE
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