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C

Coins
Coins
Columbia Encyclopedia
Columbia Encyclopedia

D

Dictionaries
Dictionaries
Domestic Problems
Domestic Problems

E

Easton s Bible Dictionary
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Encyclopedias
Encyclopedias

G

Genealogy Chart
Genealogy Chart

H

Herod
Herod
Herod the Governor
Herod the Governor
Herod and Octavian
Herod and Octavian
Herod and the Parthians
Herod and the Parthians
Herod in History
Herod in History
Herod s Temple
Herod's Temple
Herod the King
Herod the King 37-25 B.C.
Herod the King 37-25 B.C.
Herod the King 37-25 B.C.
Herods Will
Herods Will
His Buildings
His Buildings
His Cruelty
His Cruelty
His Death
His Death
His Prosperity
His Prosperity
Hitchcock s Bible Names
Hitchcock's Bible Names

I

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Introduction
Introduction

K

King of the Jews
King of the Jews

O

Overview
Overview

S

Scriptures
Scriptures
Smith s Bible Dictionary
Smith's Bible Dictionary

T

The Descendants of Herod and Mariamne
The Descendants of Herod and Mariamne
The Descendants of Herod and Other Wives
The Descendants of Herod and Other Wives
The Family of the Herods
The Family of the Herods
The Hasmoneans
The Hasmoneans
The Herodians
The Herodians
Timeline
Timeline

W

Welcome
Herod

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King Herod the Great

"in the days of Herod the king" - Matthew 2:1

Herod the Great - A Brief Overview

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Herod I (the Great) was son of Antipater and made king by the Romans in 40 B.C. He managed to keep hold of his throne in the face of the many changes in the government at Rome.

His kingdom comprised Judea, Samaria, Galilee, Idumea, Batanea, and Peraea, which was approximately the same size as the kingdom of David and Solomon.

Although Herod had exceptional leadership skills, he was extremely disliked by the Jews. His attitude toward the Maccabean dynasty, to which he was related by marriage, along with his insolence and cruelty, angered them all the more. He even had his brother-in-law and several of his wives and sons executed.

He forced heavy taxes and brutally repressed any rebellions. But it was by his policy of Hellenistic culture that he greatly wounded the Jews. The construction of a race-course, a theater, and an amphitheater in Jerusalem, his wide support of the emperor cult in the East, and the construction of pagan temples in foreign cities at his own expense could not be forgiven, even though he restored and reconstructed the Temple of Jerusalem and continually pleaded the cause of the Jews of the Diaspora to the emperor to his own gains.

There was no close tie between the king and his people; he remained an Edomite and a friend of Rome, only holding on to his power by the use of a merciless military force. This is the same Herod the Great who massacred the children of Bethlehem (Matt. 2).

Herod suddenly died in 4 B.C.

 

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Bibliography on Herod the Great

The Many Faces of Herod the Great by Marshak, 448 Pages, Pub. 2014

The True Herod by Vermes, 192 Pages, Pub. 2014

 

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