Map of Ancient Nubia
During the time of Moses and the
Exodus the land of Egypt was divided into Upper and Lower Egypt.
Lower Egypt was the northern region closer to the Mediterranean Sea,
the Nile Delta.
for Print) (Freely Distributed)
Map of Nubia in Ancient
The Nile Delta was a triangular
area of marshland about 150 miles from north to south, from Memphis
to the Mediterranean, and about 150 - 200 miles wide.
Upper Egypt was a bit further south
from Lower Egypt, starting at Memphis (bottom of the Nile Delta
Triangle) and extended for about 600 miles down the Nile River
Valley to Elephantine (Aswan). Nubia was much farther south, and the
Greeks and Romans described Nubia as "Ethiopia" and the Hebrews
referred to Nubia as "Cush", the land south of Egypt.
- And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian
woman whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian woman.
10:8 - And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a
mighty one in the earth.
- And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of
Israel, that they turn and encamp before Pihahiroth, between Migdol
and the sea, over against Baalzephon: before it shall ye encamp by
14:21-22 - And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and
the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that
night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. And
the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry
ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand,
and on their left.
The Nile River in Nubia
Ethiopia in Smith's Bible
(burnt faces). The country which the Greeks and Romans
described as "AEthiopia" and the Hebrews as "Cush" lay to the south
of Egypt, and embraced, in its most extended sense, the modern Nubia,
Sennaar, Kordofan and northern Abyssinia, and in its more definite
sense the kingdom of Meroe. Eze 29:10 The Hebrews do not appear to
have had much practical acquaintance with Ethiopia itself, though
the Ethiopians were well known to them through their intercourse
with Egypt. The inhabitants of Ethiopia were a Hamitic race. Ge 10:6
They were divided into various tribes, of which the Sabeans were the
most powerful. The history of Ethiopia is closely interwoven with
that of Egypt. The two countries were not unfrequently united under
the rule of the same sovereign. Shortly before our Saviour's birth a
native dynasty of females, holding the official title of Candace (Plin.
vi. 35), held sway in Ethiopia, and even resisted the advance of the
Roman arms. One of these is the queen noticed in Ac 8:27
in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
4. The Ethiopian Cush:
(3) The well-known country of Cush or Ethiopia, from Syene (Ezek
29:10) southward--Egyptian Kos, Babylonian Kusu, Assyrian Kusu. This
name sometimes denotes the land (Isa 11:11; 18:1; Zeph 3:10; Ezek
29:10; Job 28:19; Est 1:1; 8:9); sometimes the peopl (Isa 20:4; Jer
46:9; Ezek 38:5); but is in many passages uncertain. Notwithstanding
that the descendants of Ham are always regarded as non-Semites, the
Ethiopians, Ge`ez, as they called themselves, spoke a Semitic
language of special interest on account of its likeness to
Himyaritic, and its illustration of certain forms in Assyro-Babylonian.
These Cushites were in all probability migrants from another (more
northerly) district, and akin to the Canaanites--like them, dark,
but by no means black, and certainly not Negroes. W. Max Muller (Asien
und Europa, 113 note) states that it cannot be proved whether the
Egyptians had quite black neighbors (on the South). In earlier times
they are represented as brown, and later as brown mingled with
black, implying that negroes only came to their knowledge as a
distinct and extensive race in comparatively late times. Moses'
(first?) wife (Nu 12:1) was certainly therefore not a Negress, but
simply a Cushite woman, probably speaking a Semitic
language--prehistoric Ge`ez or Ethiopian (see CUSHITE WOMAN). In all
probability Semitic tribes were classed as Hamitic simply because
they acknowledged the supremacy of the Hamitic Egyptians, just as
the non-Sem Elamites were set down as Semites (Gen 10:22) on account
of their acknowledging Babylonian supremacy. It is doubtful whether
the Hebrews, in ancient times, knew of the Negro race--they probably
became acquainted with them long after the Egyptians.
Cush in Smith's Bible
The name of a son of Ham, apparently the eldest, and of a
territory or territories occupied by his descendants. The Cushites
appear to have spread along tracts extending from the higher Nile to
the Euphrates and Tigris. History affords many traces of this
relation of Babylonia, Arabia and Ethiopia.
Cush in Wikipedia
The name given this civilization comes from the Old Testament where
Cush (Hebrew: כוש) was one of the sons of Ham (Genesis 10:6) who
settled in Northeast Africa. In the Bible and at different times in
the ancient world, a large region covering northern Sudan, modern
day southern Egypt, and parts of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia was
known as "Cush". The Hebrew Bible refers to "Cush" on a number of
occasions, though various English translations translate this as
"Nubian", "Ethiopia", "Sudan", and "Cushite" (Unseth 1999). Moses
wife, Tzipporah, is described as a Kushite in the book of Numbers
12:1. Some contend that this Cush was in southern Arabia. See
Biblical Cush for a full discussion. All of this is complicated by
the fact that the Septuagint translated "Cush" as "Aethiopia",
leading to the misleading conclusion that "Cush" should be equated
with the borders of present day "Ethiopia". Cain Hope Felder, in the
introduction to his The Original African Heritage Study Bible has
argued that "Cush" should always be translated as simply "Africa".
The Bible Mentions "Cush" Many Times
Genesis 10:7 - And the
sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and
Raamah, and Sabtecha: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.
Chronicles 1:9 - And the sons of Cush; Seba,
and Havilah, and Sabta, and Raamah, and Sabtecha. And the sons of
Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.
- Cush the Benjamite.> O LORD my God, in thee do I put my trust:
save me from all them that persecute me, and deliver me:
11:11 - And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the
Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant
of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt,
and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and
from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.
10:8 - And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a
mighty one in the earth.
Chronicles 1:10 - And Cush begat Nimrod: he
began to be mighty upon the earth.
10:6 - And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim,
and Phut, and Canaan.
Chronicles 1:8 - The sons of Ham; Cush, and
Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.
The Bible Mentions "Ethiopia" Many Times
Esther 8:9 - Then were
the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that
[is], the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth [day] thereof; and
it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the
Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the
provinces which [are] from India unto Ethiopia, an
hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to
the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and
to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their
45:14 - Thus saith the LORD, The labour of Egypt, and
merchandise of Ethiopia and of the Sabeans, men of
stature, shall come over unto thee, and they shall be thine: they
shall come after thee; in chains they shall come over, and they
shall fall down unto thee, they shall make supplication unto thee,
[saying], Surely God [is] in thee; and [there is] none else, [there
is] no God.
30:4 - And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain
shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in
Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and her foundations
shall be broken down.
- Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this [is] Ahasuerus
which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, [over]
an hundred and seven and twenty provinces:)
- And he heard say concerning Tirhakah king of Ethiopia,
He is come forth to make war with thee. And when he heard [it], he
sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying,
29:10 - Behold, therefore I [am] against thee, and against
thy rivers, and I will make the land of Egypt utterly waste [and]
desolate, from the tower of Syene even unto the border of
- And he arose and went: and, behold, a man of Ethiopia,
an eunuch of great authority under Candace queen of the
Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure, and had
come to Jerusalem for to worship,
- And the LORD said, Like as my servant Isaiah hath walked naked and
barefoot three years [for] a sign and wonder upon Egypt and upon
- For I [am] the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour:
I gave Egypt [for] thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for
30:5 - Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all
the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in
league, shall fall with them by the sword.
19:9 - And when he heard say of Tirhakah king of
Ethiopia, Behold, he is come out to fight against thee: he
sent messengers again unto Hezekiah, saying,
- I will make mention of Rahab and Babylon to them that know me:
behold Philistia, and Tyre, with Ethiopia; this [man]
was born there.
3:10 - From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my
suppliants, [even] the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring mine
- The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither
shall it be valued with pure gold.
- And they shall be afraid and ashamed of Ethiopia
their expectation, and of Egypt their glory.
- Ethiopia and Egypt [were] her strength, and [it was]
infinite; Put and Lubim were thy helpers.
2:13 - And the name of the second river [is] Gihon: the same
[is] it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.
68:31 - Princes shall come out of Egypt; Ethiopia
shall soon stretch out her hands unto God.
- Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which [is] beyond the rivers
38:5 - Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them;
all of them with shield and helmet: