Ancient Near East
Evolution & Science
Images & Art
Maps & Geography
Mythology & Beliefs
People in History
Timelines & Charts
Weapons & Warfare
Map of Ancient Israel
D8 on the Map.
Smiths Bible Dictionary (watch mountain). This city is situated 30 miles north
of Jerusalem and about six miles to the northwest of Shechem, in a wide
basin-shaped valley, six miles in diameter, encircled with high hills, almost on
the edge of the great plain which borders upon the Mediterranean. In the centre
of this basin, which is on a lower level than the valley of Shechem, rises a
less elevated hill, with steep yet accessible sides and a long fiat top. This
hill was chosen by Omri as the site of the capital of the kingdom of Israel. He
"bought the hill of Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver, and built on
the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, after the name of the
owner of the hill, Samaria." 1Ki 16:23,24 From the that of Omri's purchase, B.C.
925, Samaria retained its dignity as the capital of the ten tribes, and the name
is given to the northern kingdom as well as to the city. Ahab built a temple to
Baal there. 1Ki 16:32,33 It was twice besieged by the Syrians, in B.C. 901, 1Ki
20:1 and in B.C. 892, 2Ki 6:24-7, 2Ki 6:20 but on both occasions the siege was
ineffectual. The possessor of Samaria was considered de facto king of Israel.
2Ki 15:13,14 In B.C. 721 Samaria was taken, after a siege of three years, by
Shalmaneser king of Assyria, 2Ki 18:9,10 and the kingdom of the ten tribes was
put an end to. Some years afterward the district of which Samaria was the centre
was repeopled by Esarhaddon. Alexander the Great took the city, killed a large
portion of the inhabitants, and suffered the remainder to set it at Shechem. He
replaced them by a colony of Syro-Macedonians who occupied the city until the
time of John Hyrcanus, who took it after a year's siege, and did his best to
demolish it entirely. (B.C. 109.) It was rebuilt and greatly embellished by
Herod the Great. He called it Sebaste=Augusta, after the name of his patron,
Samaria was a region in the land of Israel with geographical limits that were
never clearly defined in the Bible. Originally it was the territory of Ephraim
and half tribe of Manasseh, the E. boundary was the Jordan River, and a W.
boundary was the coast. The S. boundary ran from Jericho to Bethel, and the N.
boundary was the rich valleys of Beth Shan and Jezreel up through the north
parts of Mount Carmel.
After the division of the kingdom Samaria extended to Galilee. After the
campaign of Tiglath-Pileser III in 732 B.C. the Assyrian province of Samaria was
called Samarina. This is where the Assyrians settled new foreigners to mingle
with the people of Israel, and this time the became known as Samaritans. The
Hill Country of Samaria remained a province during the Persian period.
Samaria was known for its rich agriculture, wheat and barley, grapes and olive
vineyards. Located in Samaria was a very important international trade route
called the Via Maris (the coastal highway).
After the Jews returned from Babylon to rebuild their Temple in Jerusalem the
Samaritans came to help, but their offer was rejected and thus the ridiculing
began (Ezra 4; Neh. 2:10). It is interesting to note that the governor of the
province of Samaria in the latter half of the 5th century B.C., whose name was
Sanballat (Neh. 2: 10, 19) along with his sons are mentioned in the recently
discovered ancient papyri of the Jewish community in Elephantine, Egypt.
The Roman General Pompeii annexed Samaria to the Roman province of Syria in 63
B.C. later Augustus gave the capital of Samaria to Herod. The New Testament
makes many mentions of Samaria and the Samaritans. Jesus passed through Samaria
on His way to Jerusalem (Luke 17:11) and on His way back, He came to Sychar, a
Samaritan city, and spoke to a woman from Samaria at Jacob's well (Jn 4:4 ff).
Acts 1:8 But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and
you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to
the end of the earth."
Non Biblical source: 1 Macc. 3:10; 10:30.
Biblical sources: Amos 3:9; Jer. 31:5; Obad. 1:19; 1 Kgs. 13:32; 2 Kgs. 17:26;
23:19; Ezra 4:17; Luke 17:11; John 4:4; Acts 1:8; 8:1 ; 9:31; 15:3.
Click on the Map
Samaria in Bible Cities
More about Ancient Samaria
Map of Ancient Israel
Ancient Israel | Bible
Map of Ancient Israel - Map of Israel in New Testament Times
Israel in the First Century
Maps are essential for any serious Bible study, they help students of the Scriptures understand the geographical locations and historical backgrounds of the places mentioned in the Bible.
Samaria and Samaritan Scriptures
John 8:48 -
Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan,
and hast a devil?
Luke 17:16 -
And fell down on [his] face at his feet, giving him thanks: and he was a Samaritan.
Luke 10:33 -
But a certain Samaritan,
as he journeyed, came where he was: and when he saw him, he had compassion [on
Ezekiel 16:55 -
When thy sisters, Sodom and her daughters, shall return to their former estate,
and Samaria and
her daughters shall return to their former estate, then thou and thy daughters
shall return to your former estate.
Ezekiel 16:53 -
When I shall bring again their captivity, the captivity of Sodom and her
daughters, and the captivity of Samaria and
her daughters, then [will I bring again] the captivity of thy captives in the
midst of them:
Ezekiel 16:51 -
Neither hath Samaria committed
half of thy sins; but thou hast multiplied thine abominations more than they,
and hast justified thy sisters in all thine abominations which thou hast done.
1 Kings 20:34 -
And [Benhadad] said unto him, The cities, which my father took from thy father,
I will restore; and thou shalt make streets for thee in Damascus, as my father
made in Samaria.
Then [said Ahab], I will send thee away with this covenant. So he made a
covenant with him, and sent him away.
Ezekiel 16:46 -
And thine elder sister [is] Samaria,
she and her daughters that dwell at thy left hand: and thy younger sister, that
dwelleth at thy right hand, [is] Sodom and her daughters.
Ezekiel 23:4 -
And the names of them [were] Aholah the elder, and Aholibah her sister: and they
were mine, and they bare sons and daughters. Thus [were] their names; Samaria [is]
Aholah, and Jerusalem Aholibah.
1 Kings 16:29 -
And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of
Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty
and two years.
Amos 3:9 -
Publish in the palaces at Ashdod, and in the palaces in the land of Egypt, and
say, Assemble yourselves upon the mountains of Samaria,
and behold the great tumults in the midst thereof, and the oppressed in the
2 Kings 23:18 -
And he said, Let him alone; let no man move his bones. So they let his bones
alone, with the bones of the prophet that came out of Samaria.
Obadiah 1:19 -
And [they of] the south shall possess the mount of Esau; and [they of] the plain
the Philistines: and they shall possess the fields of Ephraim, and the fields of Samaria:
and Benjamin [shall possess] Gilead.
2 Kings 18:9 -
And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which [was] the seventh
year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, [that] Shalmaneser king of Assyria
came up against Samaria,
and besieged it.
2 Kings 7:1 -
Then Elisha said, Hear ye the word of the LORD; Thus saith the LORD, To morrow
about this time [shall] a measure of fine flour [be sold] for a shekel, and two
measures of barley for a shekel, in the gate of Samaria.
2 Kings 17:26 -
Wherefore they spake to the king of Assyria, saying, The nations which thou hast
removed, and placed in the cities of Samaria,
know not the manner of the God of the land: therefore he hath sent lions among
them, and, behold, they slay them, because they know not the manner of the God
of the land.
2 Kings 6:25 -
And there was a great famine in Samaria:
and, behold, they besieged it, until an ass's head was [sold] for fourscore
[pieces] of silver, and the fourth part of a cab of dove's dung for five
[pieces] of silver.
2 Kings 14:23 -
In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah Jeroboam the son
of Joash king of Israel began to reign in Samaria,
[and reigned] forty and one years.
2 Chronicles 22:9 -
And he sought Ahaziah: and they caught him, (for he was hid in Samaria,)
and brought him to Jehu: and when they had slain him, they buried him: Because,
said they, he [is] the son of Jehoshaphat, who sought the LORD with all his
heart. So the house of Ahaziah had no power to keep still the kingdom.
Isaiah 10:11 -
Shall I not, as I have done unto Samaria and
her idols, so do to Jerusalem and her idols?
Micah 1:5 -
For the transgression of Jacob [is] all this, and for the sins of the house of
Israel. What [is] the transgression of Jacob? [is it] not Samaria?
and what [are] the high places of Judah? [are they] not Jerusalem?
2 Chronicles 28:15 -
And the men which were expressed by name rose up, and took the captives, and
with the spoil clothed all that were naked among them, and arrayed them, and
shod them, and gave them to eat and to drink, and anointed them, and carried all
the feeble of them upon asses, and brought them to Jericho, the city of palm
trees, to their brethren: then they returned to Samaria.
Hosea 10:5 -
The inhabitants of Samaria shall
fear because of the calves of Bethaven: for the people thereof shall mourn over
it, and the priests thereof [that] rejoiced on it, for the glory thereof,
because it is departed from it.
2 Chronicles 28:9 -
But a prophet of the LORD was there, whose name [was] Oded: and he went out
before the host that came to Samaria,
and said unto them, Behold, because the LORD God of your fathers was wroth with
Judah, he hath delivered them into your hand, and ye have slain them in a rage
[that] reacheth up unto heaven.
2 Kings 17:6 -
In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria,
and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor [by]
the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.
2 Chronicles 18:9 -
And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah sat either of them on his
throne, clothed in [their] robes, and they sat in a void place at the entering
in of the gate of Samaria;
and all the prophets prophesied before them.
1 Kings 22:10 -
And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah sat each on his throne,
having put on their robes, in a void place in the entrance of the gate of Samaria;
and all the prophets prophesied before them.
1 Kings 22:51 -
Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the
seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over
2 Kings 7:18 -
And it came to pass as the man of God had spoken to the king, saying, Two
measures of barley for a shekel, and a measure of fine flour for a shekel, shall
be to morrow about this time in the gate of Samaria:
2 Kings 21:13 -
And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria,
and the plummet of the house of Ahab: and I will wipe Jerusalem as [a man]
wipeth a dish, wiping [it], and turning [it] upside down.
2 Chronicles 28:8 -
And the children of Israel carried away captive of their brethren two hundred
thousand, women, sons, and daughters, and took also away much spoil from them,
and brought the spoil to Samaria.
Ezra 4:17 -
[Then] sent the king an answer unto Rehum the chancellor, and [to] Shimshai the
scribe, and [to] the rest of their companions that dwell inSamaria,
and [unto] the rest beyond the river, Peace, and at such a time.
Micah 1:6 -
Therefore I will make Samaria as
an heap of the field, [and] as plantings of a vineyard: and I will pour down the
stones thereof into the valley, and I will discover the foundations thereof.
Map of Ancient Israel
Sitemap - List
of NT Cities and Subjects
The Land of Israel - Geography
Map of New Testament Israel
Map of Old Testament Israel
© Bible History Online http://www.bible-history.com
First Century Israel
Map of Israel (First Century AD)
New Testament Cities
Cities Jesus Visited
Cities of the Decapolis
Lakes and Seas
Valleys and Plains
Physical Features of the Holy Land
The Great Sea
The Coastal Plain
The Central Mountains Plateau
The Deep Jordan Valley
The Other Side of the Jordan
The Great Desert
Highways and Roads
The Rocky Hills
Jerusalem - Fashioned for a King
How to Use This Program
Roman Provincial Organization
Abila of Abilene
Abila of Decapolis
Administered Through Rome
Caesarea Philippi Paneas
Herod the Great and Political Boundaries
Hill Country of Judea
Ladder of Tyre
Lake Asphaltitus (Dead Sea)
Lake of Gennesaret
Lake Semichonitis Huleh
Map of the Near East in Abrahams Time
Plain of Esdraelon Megiddo
Plain of Sharon
Pool of Bethesda
Province of Syria
Sea of Galilee
Sea of Tiberias
Tetrarchy of Herod Antipas
Tetrarchy of Philip
Tower of Aphek
Valley of Jezreel
Wilderness of Judea