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WikiPedia. Qumran (Hebrew: קומראן; Arabic: خربة قمران Khirbet Qumran) is an
archaeological site in the West Bank managed by Israel's Qumran National
Park. It is located on a dry plateau about a mile from the northwestern shore
of the Dead Sea, near the Israeli settlement and kibbutz of Kalya. The
Hellenistic period settlement was constructed during the reign of John Hyrcanus,
134-104 BCE or somewhat later, and was occupied most of the time until it was
destroyed by the Romans in 68 CE or shortly after. It is best known as the
settlement nearest to the Qumran Caves and where the Dead Sea Scrolls were
hidden), caves in the sheer desert cliffs and beneath, in the marl terrace. The
principal excavations at Qumran were conducted by Roland de Vaux in the 1950s,
though several later campaigns at the site have been carried out.
Khirbet. Qumran. The city of Qumran was an ancient village on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea, in what is now the West Bank. It is famous for its caves, in some of which the Dead Sea Scrolls were found. Archaeological work at Qumran has yielded a profile of its history. In Israelite times it was the site of a small settlement and was called the city of Salt (Joshua 15.62). Between 130 B.C. and 110 B.C. Qumran was rebuilt by the Jewish sect whose library is represented by the Dead Sea Scrolls. It was destroyed (31 B.C.) by an earthquake and was rebuilt in 4 B.C. The Romans destroyed it (A.D. 68) and made use of the site as a military fortress.
Khirbet Qumran is an archaeological site in W Jordan, near the NW coast of the Dead Sea. The site of a settlement of the 'Qumran Community' (identified by many scholars with Essenes described by Philo and Josephus) many of whose MSS, discovered in A.D. 1947 and since in caves nearby, give much information on life and beliefs of the Community, which existed here 150 B.C. - A.D. 68. The Dead Sea Scrolls were found here in 1947.
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Dead Sea Scriptures
Salt Sea Scripture - Genesis 14:3 All these
were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.
Salt Sea Scripture - Joshua 15:2 And their south border was from the shore of the salt sea, from the bay that looketh southward:
Salt Sea Scripture - Joshua 18:19 And the border passed along to the side of Bethhoglah northward: and the outgoings of the border were at the north bay of the salt sea at the south end of Jordan: this [was] the south coast.
Salt Sea Scripture - Numbers 34:3 Then your south quarter shall be from the wilderness of Zin along by the coast of Edom, and your south border shall be the outmost coast of the salt sea eastward:
Maps are essential for any serious Bible study, they help students of the Scriptures understand the geographical locations and historical backgrounds of the places mentioned in the Bible.
Map of NT Israel (Click to Enlarge)
Israel in the First Century
Map of Israel (First Century AD)