Gath

A-14 on the Map

Tel Sheikh el-Areini, Tel Gath?

Gath in Smiths Bible Dictionary (a wine press), one of the five royal cities of the Philistines; Jos 13:3; 1Sa 6:17 and the native place of the giant Goliath. 1Sa 17:4,23 It probably stood upon the conspicuous hill now called Tell-es-Safieh, upon the side of the plain of Philistia, at the foot of the mountains of Judah; 10 miles east of Ashdod, and about the same distance south by east of Ekron. It is irregular in form, and about 200 feet high. Gath occupied a strong position, 2Ch 11:8 on the border of Judah and Philistia, 1Sa 21:10; 1Ch 18:1 and from its strength and resources forming the key of both countries, it was the scene of frequent struggles, and was often captured and recaptured. 2Ki 12:17; 2Ch 11:8; 26:6; Am 6:2 The ravages of war to which Gath was exposed appear to have destroyed it at a comparatively early period, as it is not mentioned among the other royal cities by the later prophets. Zep 2:4; Zec 9:5,6 It is familiar to the Bible student as the scene of one of the most romantic incidents in the life of King David. 1Sa 21:10-15
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Gath was:

one of the five Philistine cities
Joshua 13:3 - From Sihor, which [is] before Egypt, even unto the borders of Ekron northward, [which] is counted to the Canaanite: five lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avites: 
1 Samuel 17:4 - And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height [was] six cubits and a span.
1 Samuel 21:10 - And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.
2 Samuel 1:20 - Tell [it] not in Gath, publish [it] not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph.
2 Kings 12:17 - Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.
1 Chronicles 18:1 - Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them, and took Gath and her towns out of the hand of the Philistines.
2 Chronicles 11:8 - And Gath, and Mareshah, and Ziph,
Amos 6:2 - Pass ye unto Calneh, and see; and from thence go ye to Hamath the great: then go down to Gath of the Philistines: [be they] better than these kingdoms? or their border greater than your border?
Micah 1:10 - Declare ye [it] not at Gath, weep ye not at all: in the house of Aphrah roll thyself in the dust.
 

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Gath Scriptures

2 Chronicles 26:6 - And he went forth and warred against the Philistines, and brake down the wall of Gath, and the wall of Jabneh, and the wall of Ashdod, and built cities about Ashdod, and among the Philistines. 

1 Samuel 5:8 - They sent therefore and gathered all the lords of the Philistines unto them, and said, What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel? And they answered, Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried about unto Gath. And they carried the ark of the God of Israel about [thither]. 

1 Samuel 7:14 - And the cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to Israel, from Ekron even unto Gath; and the coasts thereof did Israel deliver out of the hands of the Philistines. And there was peace between Israel and the Amorites. 

1 Samuel 17:52 - And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron. 

1 Samuel 27:3 - And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, [even] David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife. 

1 Samuel 27:11 - And David saved neither man nor woman alive, to bring [tidings] to Gath, saying, Lest they should tell on us, saying, So did David, and so [will be] his manner all the while he dwelleth in the country of the Philistines. 

2 Samuel 1:20 - Tell [it] not in Gath, publish [it] not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph. 

Amos 6:2 - Pass ye unto Calneh, and see; and from thence go ye to Hamath the great: then go down to Gath of the Philistines: [be they] better than these kingdoms? or their border greater than your border? 

2 Samuel 21:22 - These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants. 

2 Kings 12:17 - Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem. 

1 Chronicles 20:8 - These were born unto the giant in Gath; and they fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants. 

2 Samuel 15:18 - And all his servants passed on beside him; and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath, passed on before the king. 

1 Chronicles 8:13 - Beriah also, and Shema, who [were] heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Aijalon, who drove away the inhabitants of Gath: 

1 Chronicles 18:1 - Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them, and took Gath and her towns out of the hand of the Philistines. 

1 Samuel 6:17 - And these [are] the golden emerods which the Philistines returned [for] a trespass offering unto the LORD; for Ashdod one, for Gaza one, for Askelon one, for Gath one, for Ekron one; 

1 Samuel 17:23 - And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard [them]. 

2 Samuel 21:20 - And there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of [great] stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant. 

Psalms 56:1 - Gath. Be merciful unto me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresseth me. 

Joshua 11:22 - There was none of the Anakims left in the land of the children of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained. 

1 Samuel 17:4 - And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height [was] six cubits and a span. 

1 Samuel 21:12 - And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath

1 Chronicles 7:21 - And Zabad his son, and Shuthelah his son, and Ezer, and Elead, whom the men of Gath [that were] born in [that] land slew, because they came down to take away their cattle. 

1 Chronicles 20:6 - And yet again there was war at Gath, where was a man of [great] stature, whose fingers and toes [were] four and twenty, six [on each hand], and six [on each foot]: and he also was the son of the giant. 

1 Samuel 21:10 - And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath

1 Samuel 27:2 - And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that [were] with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath

Micah 1:10 - Declare ye [it] not at Gath, weep ye not at all: in the house of Aphrah roll thyself in the dust. 

1 Samuel 27:4 - And it was told Saul that David was fled to Gath: and he sought no more again for him. 

1 Kings 2:41 - And it was told Solomon that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath, and was come again. 

2 Chronicles 11:8 - And Gath, and Mareshah, and Ziph, 

1 Kings 2:40 - And Shimei arose, and saddled his ass, and went to Gath to Achish to seek his servants: and Shimei went, and brought his servants from Gath.
  

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