Ancient Near East
Images & Art
Maps & Geography
Mythology & Beliefs
People in History
Timelines & Charts
CA`NA-AN (that humbles, lower country), Canaan was the fourth son of Ham, and
father of the nations who populated the Land of Canaan and the Mediterranean
coast before the conquest of the Hebrews, Gen. 10:6-13; I Chron. 1:8-13. The
Land of Canaan was the country located between the Mediterranean and the Jordan,
called Canaan or Lowland in comparison to Gilead or the tableland east of the
Jordan. The Land of Canaan was given by God as an inheritance to the Hebrews. It
was referred to as the Holy Land after the Captivity, Zech. 2:13 ; and Palestine
by the Romans (Prov. Syria Palaestina). The Philistines came from Africa and
took possession of a small part of it.
CA`NA-AN-ITES, Were one of the inhabitants of the Land of Canaan who inhabited the land on the West side of the Jordan River. The name Canaanites also referred to the inhabitants of the Land of Canaan in general, which included the Hivites (Josh, 11:3), the Canaanites (Num. 13:29), the Girgashites (Josh 24:11), the Jebusites (Josh. 15:8-63), the Amorites (Gen. 14:7), the Hittites (Num. 1:29), the Perizzites (Gen. 13:7). There were also the Arkites, Arvadites, Hamathites, Anakim, Amalekites, and Rephaim.
Click on the Map
Canaan in Fausset's Bible Dictionary. From Ham came four main races; Cush
(Ethiopia), Mizraim (Egypt), Phut (Nubia), and Canaan (originally before Abraham
extending from Hamath in the North to Gaza in the South), comprising six chief tribes,
the Hittites, Hivites, Amorites, Jebusites, Perizzites, and Girgashites; to
which the Canaanites (in the narrow sense) being added make up the mystic number
seven. Ten are specified in Genesis 15:19-21, including some on East of Jordan and
South of Israel. The four Hamitic races occupied a continuous tract comprising the
Nile valley, Israel, South Arabia, Babylonia, and Kissia. The Phoenicians were
Semitic (from Shem), but the Canaanites preceded them in Israel and Lower Syria.
Sidon, Area, Arvad, and Zemara or Simra (Genesis 15:19-21) originally were
Canaanite; afterward they fell under the Phoenicians, who were immigrants into
Syria from the shores of the Persian gulf, peaceable traffickers, skillful in
navigation and the arts, and unwar-like except by sea. With these the Israelites
were on friendly terms; but with the Canaanites fierce and war-like, having
chariots of iron, Israel was commanded never to be at peace, but utterly to root
them out; not however the Arvadite. Arkite, Sinite, Zemarite, and Hamathite. The
Semitic names Melchizedek, Hamer, Sisera, Salem, Ephrath are doubtless not the
original Canaanite names, but their Hebraized forms. Ham, disliking his father's
piety, exposed Noah's nakedness (when overtaken in the fault of intoxication) to
his brethren. Contrast Shem and Japhet's conduct (compare 1 Corinthians 13:6 and
1 Peter 4:8). Noah's prophetic curse was therefore to reach him in the person of
Canaan his son (the sorest point to a parent), on whom the curse is thrice
pronounced. His sin was to be his punishment; Canaan should be as undutiful to
him as he had been to his father Noah. In Ham's sin lies the stain of the whole
Hamitic race, sexual profligacy, of which Sodom and Gomorrah furnish an awful
example. Canaan probably shared in and prompted his father's guilt toward Noah;
for Noah's "younger son" probably means his "grandson" (Genesis 9:24), and the
curse being pronounced upon Canaan, not Ham, implies Canaan's leading guilt,
being the first to expose to Ham Noah's shame. Canaan's name also suggested his
doom, from kaanah, "to stoop." Ham named his son from the abject obedience which
he required, though he did not render it himself (Hengstenberg). So Canaan was
to be "servant of servants," i.e. the most abject slave; such his race became to
Israel (1 Kings 9:20-21). Canaan more than any other of Ham's race came in
contact with and obstructed Shem and Japhet in respect to the blessings foretold
to them. The Hamitic descent of Canaan was formerly questioned, but is now
proved by the monuments. The ancients represent...
Judges 1:33 -
Neither did Naphtali drive out the inhabitants of Bethshemesh, nor the
inhabitants of Bethanath; but he dwelt among the Canaanites,
the inhabitants of the land: nevertheless the inhabitants of Bethshemesh and of
Bethanath became tributaries unto them.
Judges 1:27 - Neither did Manasseh drive out [the inhabitants of] Bethshean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns: but the Canaanites would dwell in that land.
Joshua 5:1 - And it came to pass, when all the kings of the Amorites, which [were] on the side of Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, which [were] by the sea, heard that the LORD had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel, until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel.
Deuteronomy 7:1 - When the LORD thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou;
Joshua 17:18 - But the mountain shall be thine; for it [is] a wood, and thou shalt cut it down: and the outgoings of it shall be thine: for thou shalt drive out theCanaanites, though they have iron chariots, [and] though they [be] strong.
Exodus 13:5 - And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keep this service in this month.
Exodus 3:8 - And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites.
Nehemiah 9:8 - And foundest his heart faithful before thee, and madest a covenant with him to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give [it, I say], to his seed, and hast performed thy words; for thou [art] righteous:
Obadiah 1:20 - And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel [shall possess] that of the Canaanites, [even] unto Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which [is] in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south.
Deuteronomy 1:7 - Turn you, and take your journey, and go to the mount of the Amorites, and unto all [the places] nigh thereunto, in the plain, in the hills, and in the vale, and in the south, and by the sea side, to the land of the Canaanites, and unto Lebanon, unto the great river, the river Euphrates.
Ezra 9:1 - Now when these things were done, the princes came to me, saying, The people of Israel, and the priests, and the Levites, have not separated themselves from the people of the lands, [doing] according to their abominations, [even] of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites.
Exodus 13:11 - And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, as he sware unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee,
Numbers 13:29 - The Amalekites dwell in the land of the south: and the Hittites, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, dwell in the mountains: and the Canaanitesdwell by the sea, and by the coast of Jordan.
Nehemiah 9:24 - So the children went in and possessed the land, and thou subduedst before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, and gavest them into their hands, with their kings, and the people of the land, that they might do with them as they would.
Genesis 10:19 - And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.
Exodus 3:17 - And I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a land flowing with milk and honey.
Genesis 50:11 - And when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said, This [is] a grievous mourning to the Egyptians: wherefore the name of it was called Abelmizraim, which [is] beyond Jordan.
Joshua 17:16 - And the children of Joseph said, The hill is not enough for us: and all the Canaanites that dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, [both they] who [are] of Bethshean and her towns, and [they] who [are] of the valley of Jezreel.
Joshua 24:11 - And ye went over Jordan, and came unto Jericho: and the men of Jericho fought against you, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Girgashites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; and I delivered them into your hand.
Judges 3:3 - [Namely], five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath.
Numbers 14:43 - For the Amalekites and the Canaanites [are] there before you, and ye shall fall by the sword: because ye are turned away from the LORD, therefore the LORD will not be with you.
Exodus 23:23 - For mine Angel shall go before thee, and bring thee in unto the Amorites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites: and I will cut them off.
Judges 1:10 - And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron: (now the name of Hebron before [was] Kirjatharba:) and they slew Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai.
Judges 1:3 - And Judah said unto Simeon his brother, Come up with me into my lot, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I likewise will go with thee into thy lot. So Simeon went with him.
Judges 1:30 - Neither did Zebulun drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanites dwelt among them, and became tributaries.
Genesis 34:30 - And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, Ye have troubled me to make me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites: and I [being] few in number, they shall gather themselves together against me, and slay me; and I shall be destroyed, I and my house.
Deuteronomy 20:17 - But thou shalt utterly destroy them; [namely], the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee:
1 Kings 9:16 - [For] Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city, and given it [for] a present unto his daughter, Solomon's wife.
Joshua 12:8 - In the mountains, and in the valleys, and in the plains, and in the springs, and in the wilderness, and in the south country; the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites:
Genesis 24:3 - And I will make thee swear by the LORD, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell:
Maps are essential for any serious Bible study, they help students of the Scriptures understand the geographical locations and historical backgrounds of the places mentioned in the Bible.