Amalekites

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Amalekites : Throughout Biblical history the Amalekites were bitter enemies of the Israelites. They were the first adversaries that the Israelites encountered after crossing the Red Sea. According to archaeology the Amalekites disappeared from history after the northern kingdom of Judah conquered the Negev territory in the 10th century B.C.

Amalekites
a nomadic tribe of uncertain origin, which occupied the peninsula of Sinai and the wilderness intervening between the southern hill-ranges of Israel and the border of Egypt. Nu 13:29; 1Sa 15:7; 27:8 Their wealth consisted in flocks and herds. Mention is made of a "town" 1Sa 15:5 but their towns could have been little more than stations or nomadic enclosures. The Amalekites first came in contact with the Israelites at Rephidim, but were signally defeated. Ex 17:8-16 In union with the Canaanites they again attacked the Israelites on the borders of Israel, and defeated them near Hormah. Nu 14:45 Saul undertook an expedition against them. 1Sa 14:48 Their power was thenceforth broken, and they degenerated into a horde of banditti. Their destruction was completed by David. 1Sa 30:1-17 - Smith's


 

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Amalek and Amalekites Scriptures

Deuteronomy 25:19 - Therefore it shall be, when the LORD thy God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee [for] an inheritance to possess it, [that] thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; thou shalt not forget [it]. 

Exodus 17:16 - For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn [that] the LORD [will have] war with Amalek from generation to generation. 

Exodus 17:11 - And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed. 

Genesis 36:12 - And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau's son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek: these [were] the sons of Adah Esau's wife. 

Genesis 36:16 - Duke Korah, duke Gatam, [and] duke Amalek: these [are] the dukes [that came] of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these [were] the sons of Adah. 

1 Samuel 15:20 - And Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, I have obeyed the voice of the LORD, and have gone the way which the LORD sent me, and have brought Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. 

1 Samuel 28:18 - Because thou obeyedst not the voice of the LORD, nor executedst his fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath the LORD done this thing unto thee this day. 

Exodus 17:10 - So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 

1 Chronicles 18:11 - Them also king David dedicated unto the LORD, with the silver and the gold that he brought from all [these] nations; from Edom, and from Moab, and from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek. 

Exodus 17:14 - And the LORD said unto Moses, Write this [for] a memorial in a book, and rehearse [it] in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven. 

Judges 5:14 - Out of Ephraim [was there] a root of them against Amalek; after thee, Benjamin, among thy people; out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that handle the pen of the writer. 

1 Samuel 15:3 - Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass. 

2 Samuel 8:12 - Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah. 

Exodus 17:9 - And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand. 

Judges 3:13 - And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm trees. 

1 Samuel 15:2 - Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I remember [that] which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid [wait] for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt. 

1 Chronicles 1:36 - The sons of Eliphaz; Teman, and Omar, Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek. 

Exodus 17:13 - And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword. 

1 Samuel 15:5 - And Saul came to a city of Amalek, and laid wait in the valley. 

Psalms 83:7 - Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre; 

Exodus 17:8 - Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim. 

Deuteronomy 25:17 - Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way, when ye were come forth out of Egypt; 

Numbers 24:20 - And when he looked on Amalek, he took up his parable, and said, Amalek [was] the first of the nations; but his latter end [shall be] that he perish for ever. 

Numbers 13:29 - The Amalekites dwell in the land of the south: and the Hittites, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, dwell in the mountains: and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by the coast of Jordan. 

1 Samuel 30:1 - And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire; 

1 Samuel 15:32 - Then said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king of the Amalekites. And Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said, Surely the bitterness of death is past. 

1 Samuel 15:20 - And Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, I have obeyed the voice of the LORD, and have gone the way which the LORD sent me, and have brought Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. 

1 Samuel 27:8 - And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those [nations were] of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt. 

Judges 7:12 - And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the east lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude; and their camels [were] without number, as the sand by the sea side for multitude. 

Numbers 14:43 - For the Amalekites and the Canaanites [are] there before you, and ye shall fall by the sword: because ye are turned away from the LORD, therefore the LORD will not be with you. 

1 Samuel 30:18 - And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: and David rescued his two wives. 

2 Samuel 1:1 - Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag; 

1 Samuel 15:15 - And Saul said, They have brought them from the Amalekites: for the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to sacrifice unto the LORD thy God; and the rest we have utterly destroyed. 

Judges 12:15 - And Abdon the son of Hillel the Pirathonite died, and was buried in Pirathon in the land of Ephraim, in the mount of the Amalekites. 

Genesis 14:7 - And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which [is] Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar. 

1 Samuel 15:8 - And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword. 

1 Samuel 15:18 - And the LORD sent thee on a journey, and said, Go and utterly destroy the sinners the Amalekites, and fight against them until they be consumed. 

Judges 6:33 - Then all the Midianites and the Amalekites and the children of the east were gathered together, and went over, and pitched in the valley of Jezreel. 

1 Samuel 14:48 - And he gathered an host, and smote the Amalekites, and delivered Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them. 

1 Samuel 15:7 - And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah [until] thou comest to Shur, that [is] over against Egypt. 

Numbers 14:25 - (Now the Amalekites and the Canaanites dwelt in the valley.) To morrow turn you, and get you into the wilderness by the way of the Red sea. 

Numbers 14:45 - Then the Amalekites came down, and the Canaanites which dwelt in that hill, and smote them, and discomfited them, [even] unto Hormah. 

Judges 10:12 - The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand. 

Judges 6:3 - And [so] it was, when Israel had sown, that the Midianites came up, and the Amalekites, and the children of the east, even they came up against them; 

1 Chronicles 4:43 - And they smote the rest of the Amalekites that were escaped, and dwelt there unto this day. 

1 Samuel 15:6 - And Saul said unto the Kenites, Go, depart, get you down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them: for ye shewed kindness to all the children of Israel, when they came up out of Egypt. So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites.


Amalekites. Philo interprets "a people that licks up." A nomadic tribe, occupying the peninsula of Sinai and the wilderness between Israel and Egypt (Numbers 13:29; 1 Samuel 15:7; 1 Samuel 27:8). Arab writers represent them as sprung from Ham, and originally at the Persian gulf, and then pressed westward by Assyria, and spreading over Arabia before its occupation by Joktan's descendants. This would accord with the mention of them (Genesis 14:7) long before Esau's grandson, the Edomite Amalek; also with Judges 3:13; Judges 5:14; Judges 12:15, where "Amalek" and "the mount of the Amalekites" appear in central Israel, whither they would come in their passage westward. Scripture nowhere else mentions any relationship of them with the Edomites and Israelites.

The Amalek of Edom (Genesis 36:16) in this view afterward became blended with the older Amalekites. But Genesis 14:7 mentions merely "the country of the Amalekites," i.e. which afterward belonged to them; whereas in the case of the other peoples themselves are named, the Rephaims, Zuzims, Emims, Horites, Amorites (Septuagint, however, and Origen read for "the country" "the princes".) The descent of the Amalekites from Amalek, Esau's grandson, is favored also by the consideration that otherwise a people so conspicuous in Israel's history would be without specification of genealogy, contrary to the analogy of the other nations connected with Israel in the Pentateuch. Their life was nomadic (Judges 6:5); a city is mentioned in 1 Samuel 15:5.

Agag was the hereditary title of the king. On Israel's route from Egypt to Israel, Amalek in guerrilla warfare tried to stop their progress, and was defeated by Joshua, under Moses, whose hands were stayed up by Aaron and Hur, at Rephidim (Exodus 17:8-16). (See AGAG.) It was a deliberate effort to defeat God's purpose at the very outset, while Israel was as yet feeble, having just come out of Egypt. The motive is stated expressly, "Amalek feared not God" (Deuteronomy 25:17-19; and Exodus 17:16 margin). "Because the hand of Amalek is against the throne of Jehovah, therefore Jehovah will have war with Amalek from generation to generation." Saul's failure to carry out God's purpose of their utter destruction (1 Samuel 15) brought destruction on Saul himself (1 Samuel 28:18), and, by a striking retribution in kind, by an Amalekites (2 Samuel 1:2-10).

David, the instrument of destroying them, was raised to the vacated throne (1 Samuel 27:8; 1 Samuel 30:1-2; 1 Samuel 30:17-26; 2 Samuel 8:12). The Amalekites are mentioned with the Canaanites as having discomfited Israel at Hormah, on the borders of Canaan, permitted by God because of Israel's unbelief as to the spies' report, and then presumption in going up to possess the land in spite of Moses' warning and the non-accompaniment of the ark (Numbers 14:43-45). Subsequently the Moabite Eglon, in league with Amalek, smote Israel and took Jericho; but Ehud defeated them (Judges 3:13-30).

Next we find them leagued with Midian (Judges 6:3; Judges 6:7), and defeated by Gideon: Balaam's prophecy (Numbers 24:20 Heb.), "Beginning of the pagan (was) Amalek, and its end (shall be) destruction" (even to the perishing, under Saul, David, and finally Hezekiah, 1 Chronicles 4:42-43). In age, power, and celebrity this Bedouin tribe was certainly not "the first of the nations," but (as margin) "the first pagan nation which opened the conflict of pagandom against the people of God." Thus its "latter end" stands in antithesis to its "beginning." The occasion of Amalek's attack was significant: at Rephidim, when there was no water for the people to drink, and God by miracle made it gush from the rock

Contentions for possession of a well were of common occurrence (Genesis 21:25; Genesis 26:22; Exodus 2:17); in Moses' message asking Edom and Sihon the Amorite for leave of passage, water is a prominent topic (Numbers 20:17; Numbers 21:22; compare Judges 5:11). This constitutes the special heinousness of Amalek's sin in God's eyes. They tried to deprive God's people of a necessary of life which God had just supplied by miracle, thus fighting not so much with them as with God. This accounts for the special severity of their doom. The execution was delayed; but the original sentence at Rephidim was repeated by Balaam, and 400 years subsequently its execution was enjoined at the very beginning of the regal government as a test of obedience; compare 1 Samuel 12:12-15.

They then still retained their spite against Israel, for we read (1 Samuel 14:48), "Saul smote the Amalekites and delivered Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them." That the Israelites might perceive they were but the executioners of God's sentence, they were forbidden to take the spoil Saul's taking of it to gratify the people and himself, under the pretext of "sacrifice,"
 - Fausset's

Map of the Amalekites Territory (Bible History Online) Map of the Territory of the Ancient Amalekites Throughout Biblical history the Amalekites were enemies of the Israelites. They were the first adversaries ...
http://www.bible-history.com/geography/maps/map_of_amalekites_territory.html

Amalekites - Biblical Definition of Amalekites in Fausset's Bible ...Amalekites in Fausset's Bible Dictionary (Bible History Online)
www.bible-history.com/faussets/A/Amalekites/

Amalekites - Map of Ancient Israel (Old Testament Maps) Amalekites - Clickable Map of Israel in Old Testament Times.
www.bible-history.com/geography/ancient-israel/ot/amalekites.html

[PDF] AMALEKITES. Map of The Amalekites Territory. THE GREAT SEA. (MEDITERRANEAN SEA). Jordan River. SALT SEA / DEAD SEA. KADESH. BARNEA. RED SEA. WILDERNESS ...
www.bible-history.com/geography/maps/Map-Amalekites-Territory.pdf

MOUNT OF THE AMALEKITES in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE (Bible ...("Hill-country of the Amalekites" (Jdg 12:15)): The Amalekites are usually connected with the valley (Nu 14:25; Jdg 7:12), but appear from this passage to ...
www.bible-history.com/isbe/M/MOUNT+OF+THE+AMALEKITES/

Amalekites - Meaning of Amalekites in Smiths Bible Dictionary ...Amalekites: Biblical Meaning of Amalekites in Smiths Bible Dictionary (Bible History Online)
www.bible-history.com/smiths/A/Amalekites/

AMALEK; AMALEKITE in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE (Bible History ...The spies had reported that the Amalekites were to be found in the south, in connection with the Hittites, Jebusites and Amorites (Nu 13:29). ...
www.bible-history.com/isbe/A/AMALEK;+AMALEKITE/

Amalekites, Mount of - Meaning of Amalekites, Mount of in Smiths ...Amalekites, Mount of: Biblical Meaning of Amalekites, Mount of in Smiths Bible Dictionary (Bible History Online)
www.bible-history.com/smiths/A/Amalekites,+Mount+of/

Bible History Online - Bible Maps Map of The Amalekites Territory Map of The Ammonites Territory Map of Amorite Settlements Map of the Territory of Asher Map of Ancient Nubia ...
www.bible-history.com/maps/

Agag: Bible Names A-G - Bible History Links (Ancient Biblical Studies)Agag in Easton's Bible Dictionary flame, the usual title of the Amalekite kings, as "Pharaoh" was of the Egyptian. (1.) A king of the Amalekites referred to ...
http://www.bible-history.com/links.php?cat=43&sub=986&cat_name=Bible+Names+A-G&subcat_name=Agag

 

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