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Joppa in Smiths
Bible Dictionary. (beauty), now Jaffa, a town on the southwest coast of Israel,
in the portion of Dan. Jos 19:46 Having a harbor attached to it --though always,
as still, a dangerous one --it became the port of Jerusalem in the days of
Solomon, and has been ever since. Here Jonah "took ship to flee from the
presence of his Maker." Here, on the house-top of Simon the tanner, "by the
seaside," St. Peter had his vision of tolerance. Ac 11:5 The existing town
contains about 4000 inhabitants.
Jaffa, Yafa [Yafo]. Joppa Heb. yapo, "beauty" was an old city on the Mediterranean, about 30 miles NW of Jerusalem. It is supposed to have received its name from the mass of sunshine that its houses reflected.
It is an ancient city, appearing in the lists of the great conqueror Thutmose III (15th century B.C.) and occurring in the Amarna Letters of the early 14th century. It was included in the portion assigned to Dan (Josh 19:46). Its harbor naturally made it the port of Jerusalem. It was to Joppa that Hiram floated down from Tyre the fir trees of Lebanon (2 Chron 2:16), and, later, Zerubbabel, acting on the edict of Cyrus, caused to be brought here cedar trees from the same mountains (Ezra 3:7). Here Jonah fled for Tarshish (Jonah 1:3). In Joppa Peter wrought the miracle on Tabitha (Acts 9:36), resided for quite a time with Simon the tanner (v. 43), saw the vision of the great sheet let down from heaven (10:8-16), and received the summons from Cornelius (10:17-23).
Jonathan Maccabeus captured Joppa in 148 B.C. (1 Macc. 10:76). Simon, suspecting its inhabitants, set a garrison there (12:34) and upon the restoration of peace established it again as a haven (14:5). The city was destroyed twice by the Romans and changed hands several times during the Crusades. In the 4th century it was made the seat of a bishopric.
The city (Yafa) now comprises the S part of the Tel Aviv-Jaffa municipality.
After excavations remains documented all periods from the 16th century BC to Byzantine and Arab times. In confirmation of an Egyptian papyrus of the 13th century describing an Egyptian fort at Joppa, the excavators found the fort and its gate with an inscription bearing the titles of Rameses II. The Philistines wrought destruction there during the 12th century. At the end of the 8th century the town evidently became part of the Assyrian empire. In the 5th century it was under the control of Sidon, as a Sidonian fort there reveals. The excavations also attested to the destruction of Joppa by Vespasian at the time of the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70.
2 Chr. 2:16; Ezra 3:7; Jon. 1:3; Acts 9:36 ff; 10:5 ff.
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Jonah 1:3 - But Jonah rose up to flee unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD, and went down to Joppa; and he found a ship going to Tarshish: so he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD.
2 Chronicles 2:16 - And we will cut wood out of Lebanon, as much as thou shalt need: and we will bring it to thee in floats by sea to Joppa; and thou shalt carry it up to Jerusalem.
Acts 10:32 - Send therefore to Joppa, and call hither Simon, whose surname is Peter; he is lodged in the house of [one] Simon a tanner by the sea side: who, when he cometh, shall speak unto thee.
Ezra 3:7 - They gave money also unto the masons, and to the carpenters; and meat, and drink, and oil, unto them of Zidon, and to them of Tyre, to bring cedar trees from Lebanon to the sea of Joppa, according to the grant that they had of Cyrus king of Persia.
Acts 9:36 - Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by interpretation is called Dorcas: this woman was full of good works and almsdeeds which she did.
Acts 11:5 - I was in the city of Joppa praying: and in a trance I saw a vision, A certain vessel descend, as it had been a great sheet, let down from heaven by four corners; and it came even to me:
Acts 11:13 - And he shewed us how he had seen an angel in his house, which stood and said unto him, Send men to Joppa, and call for Simon, whose surname is Peter;
Acts 9:38 - And forasmuch as Lydda was nigh to Joppa, and the disciples had heard that Peter was there, they sent unto him two men, desiring [him] that he would not delay to come to them.
Acts 10:23 - Then called he them in, and lodged [them]. And on the morrow Peter went away with them, and certain brethren from Joppa accompanied him.
Acts 9:43 - And it came to pass, that he tarried many days in Joppa with one Simon a tanner.
Acts 10:5 - And now send men to Joppa, and call for [one] Simon, whose surname is Peter:
Acts 9:42 - And it was known throughout all Joppa; and many believed in the Lord.
Acts 10:8 - And when he had declared all [these] things unto them, he sent them to Joppa.
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