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Smiths Bible Dictionary. (place of fragrance), a city of high antiquity,
situated in a plain traversed by the Jordan, and exactly over against where that
river was crossed by the Israelites under Joshua. Jos 3:16 It was five miles
west of the Jordan and seven miles northwest of the Dead Sea. It had a king. Its
walls were so considerable that houses were built upon them. ch. Jos 2:15 The
spoil that was found in it betokened its affluence. Jericho is first mentioned
as the city to which the two spies were sent by Joshua from Shittim. Jos 2:1-21
It was bestowed by him upon the tribe of Benjamin, ch. Jos 18:21 and from this
time a long interval elapses before Jericho appears again upon the scene. Its
second foundation under Hiel the Bethelite is recorded in 1Ki 16:34 Once
rebuilt, Jericho rose again slowly into consequence. In its immediate vicinity
the sons of the prophets sought retirement from the world; Elisha "healed the
spring of the waters;" and over against it, beyond Jordan, Elijah "went up by a
whirlwind into heaven." 2Ki 2:1-22 In its plains Zedekiah fell into the hands of
the Chaldeans. 2Ki 25:5; Jer 39:5 In the return under Zerubbabel the "children
of Jericho," 345 in number, are comprised. Ezr 2:34; Ne 7:36 Under Herod the
Great it again became an important place. He fortified it and built a number of
new palaces, which he named after his friends. If he did not make Jericho his
habitual residence, he at last retired thither to die, and it was in the
amphitheater of Jericho that the news of his death was announced to the
assembled soldiers and people by Salome. Soon afterward the palace was burnt and
the town plundered by one Simon, slave to Herod; but Archelaus rebuilt the
former sumptuously, and founded a new town on the plain, that bore his own name;
and, most important of all, diverted water from a village called Neaera to
irrigate the plain which he had planted with palms. Thus Jericho was once more
"a city of palms" when our Lord visited it. Here he restored sight to the blind.
Mt 20:30; Mr 10:46; Lu 18:35 Here the descendant of Rahab did not disdain the
hospitality of Zaccaeus the publican. Finally, between Jerusalem and Jericho was
laid the scene of his story of the good Samaritan. The city was destroyed by
Vespasian. The site of ancient (the first) Jericho is placed by Dr. Robinson in
the immediate neighborhood of the fountain of Elisha; and that of the second
(the city of the New Testament and of Josephus) at the opening of the Wady Kelt
(Cherith), half an hour from the fountain. (The village identified with jericho
lies a mile and a half from the ancient site, and is called Riha. It contains
probably 200 inhabitants, indolent and licentious and about 40 houses. Dr. Olin
says it is the "meanest and foulest village of Israel;" yet the soil of the
plain is of unsurpassed fertility. --ED.)
Tulul Abu el-'Alayiq. Jericho probably meant "place of fragrance" or "moon
city"). An ancient city in the wide plain where the Jordan Valley broadens
between the Moab mountains and the western precipices, and situated on the route
of Israel after they crossed the Jordan under Joshua (Josh 3:16). The first
mention of Jericho in Scripture is in connection with the advance of Israel to
Canaan; they "camped in the plains of Moab beyond the Jordan opposite Jericho"
(Num 22:1). The spies sent by Joshua were entertained in Jericho by Rahab, for
which they promised her protection when the city would be destroyed (Josh
2:1-21; 6:25). The miraculous capture of Jericho, the sin and punishment of
Achan, and the curse pronounced upon anyone who should attempt to rebuild it are
graphically recorded (6-7). Jericho was given to the tribe of Benjamin (18:21),
"and from this time a long interval elapsed before Jericho appeared again upon
It is only incidentally mentioned in the life of David in connection with his
embassy to the Ammonite king (2 Sam 10:5). It was also called 'a city of palm
trees' (Judg 1:16; 3:13). In its immediate vicinity the sons of the prophets
sought retirement from the world: Elisha 'healed the spring of the waters;' and
near it beyond Jordan, Elijah 'went up by a whirlwind into heaven' (2 Kings
2:1-22). In its plains Zedekiah fell into the hands of the Chaldeans (25:5;
39:5). In the return under Zerubbabel the 'children of Jericho,' 345 in number,
are comprised (Ezra 2:34; Neh 7:36); the 'men of Jericho' assisted Nehemiah in
rebuilding that part of the wall of Jerusalem that was next to the sheep-gate
The Jericho of the days of Josephus was a distant "one hundred and fifty stadia
from Jerusalem and fifty from the Jordan."
In the NT Jericho is mentioned in connection with Jesus' restoring sight to the
blind (Matt 20:29-30; Mark 10:46; Luke 18:35) and His being entertained by
Zaccheus (19:1-8). And finally, it was mentioned in the parable of the Good
Samaritan (Luke 10:30), which revealed that robbers have always terrorized the
road from Jerusalem to Jericho.
NT or Herodian Jericho stood on both sides of the Wadi Qelt almost two miles SW
of Tell es-Sultan; there Herod the Great built his winter palace, and many more
fine buildings. Archaeologists have found that S of the Wadi Qelt stood an
artificial mound with a pavilion on top of it. S of the artificial mound was a
wing of the palace, which is now covered over. Steps led from the artificial
mound to the Wadi Qelt. At the foot of the mound on the E was a large pool, and
on the W was a sunken garden backed by a grand facade with forty-eight statuary
niches. A bridge led across the Wadi Qelt to the N wing of the palace, which
consisted of a reception hall, two open courtyards, a bath complex, and other
rooms. Nearby, Hasmonaean palaces and a monumental swimming pool have been
discovered but are only partially excavated.
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Joshua 18:12 -
And their border on the north side was from Jordan; and the border went up to
the side of Jericho on
the north side, and went up through the mountains westward; and the goings out
thereof were at the wilderness of Bethaven.
1 Chronicles 6:78 -
And on the other side Jordan by Jericho,
on the east side of Jordan, [were given them] out of the tribe of Reuben, Bezer
in the wilderness with her suburbs, and Jahzah with her suburbs,
Joshua 8:2 -
And thou shalt do to Ai and her king as thou didst unto Jericho and
her king: only the spoil thereof, and the cattle thereof, shall ye take for a
prey unto yourselves: lay thee an ambush for the city behind it.
Joshua 10:28 -
And that day Joshua took Makkedah, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and
the king thereof he utterly destroyed, them, and all the souls that [were]
therein; he let none remain: and he did to the king of Makkedah as he did unto
the king of Jericho.
Joshua 10:30 -
And the LORD delivered it also, and the king thereof, into the hand of Israel;
and he smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that [were]
therein; he let none remain in it; but did unto the king thereof as he did unto
the king of Jericho.
Joshua 12:9 -
The king of Jericho,
one; the king of Ai, which [is] beside Bethel, one;
Joshua 20:8 -
And on the other side Jordan by Jericho eastward,
they assigned Bezer in the wilderness upon the plain out of the tribe of Reuben,
and Ramoth in Gilead out of the tribe of Gad, and Golan in Bashan out of the
tribe of Manasseh.
2 Chronicles 28:15 -
And the men which were expressed by name rose up, and took the captives, and
with the spoil clothed all that were naked among them, and arrayed them, and
shod them, and gave them to eat and to drink, and anointed them, and carried all
the feeble of them upon asses, and brought them to Jericho,
the city of palm trees, to their brethren: then they returned to Samaria.
Joshua 10:1 -
Now it came to pass, when Adonizedek king of Jerusalem had heard how Joshua had
taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed it; as he had done to Jericho and
her king, so he had done to Ai and her king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon
had made peace with Israel, and were among them;
1 Kings 16:34 -
In his days did Hiel the Bethelite build Jericho:
he laid the foundation thereof in Abiram his firstborn, and set up the gates
thereof in his youngest [son] Segub, according to the word of the LORD, which he
spake by Joshua the son of Nun.
Nehemiah 3:2 -
And next unto him builded the men of Jericho.
And next to them builded Zaccur the son of Imri.
Deuteronomy 32:49 -
Get thee up into this mountain Abarim, [unto] mount Nebo, which [is] in the land
of Moab, that [is] over against Jericho;
and behold the land of Canaan, which I give unto the children of Israel for a
Joshua 5:13 -
And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho,
that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over
against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said
unto him, [Art] thou for us, or for our adversaries?
Joshua 6:25 -
And Joshua saved Rahab the harlot alive, and her father's household, and all
that she had; and she dwelleth in Israel [even] unto this day; because she hid
the messengers, which Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.
Numbers 26:63 -
These [are] they that were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who
numbered the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by Jordan [near] Jericho.
Jeremiah 52:8 -
But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king, and overtook Zedekiah in
the plains of Jericho;
and all his army was scattered from him.
2 Kings 25:5 -
And the army of the Chaldees pursued after the king, and overtook him in the
plains of Jericho:
and all his army were scattered from him.
Jeremiah 39:5 -
But the Chaldeans' army pursued after them, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains
and when they had taken him, they brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of
Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath, where he gave judgment upon him.
Numbers 31:12 -
And they brought the captives, and the prey, and the spoil, unto Moses, and
Eleazar the priest, and unto the congregation of the children of Israel, unto
the camp at the plains of Moab, which [are] by Jordan [near] Jericho.
Joshua 6:26 -
And Joshua adjured [them] at that time, saying, Cursed [be] the man before the
LORD, that riseth up and buildeth this city Jericho:
he shall lay the foundation thereof in his firstborn, and in his youngest [son]
shall he set up the gates of it.
Joshua 3:16 -
That the waters which came down from above stood [and] rose up upon an heap very
far from the city Adam, that [is] beside Zaretan: and those that came down
toward the sea of the plain, [even] the salt sea, failed, [and] were cut off:
and the people passed over right againstJericho.
Luke 10:30 -
And Jesus answering said, A certain [man] went down from Jerusalem to Jericho,
and fell among thieves, which stripped him of his raiment, and wounded [him],
and departed, leaving [him] half dead.
Numbers 36:13 -
These [are] the commandments and the judgments, which the LORD commanded by the
hand of Moses unto the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by Jordan [near] Jericho.
2 Kings 2:5 -
And the sons of the prophets that [were] at Jericho came
to Elisha, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the LORD will take away thy
master from thy head to day? And he answered, Yea, I know [it]; hold ye your
2 Kings 2:15 -
And when the sons of the prophets which [were] to view at Jericho saw
him, they said, The spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha. And they came to meet
him, and bowed themselves to the ground before him.
1 Chronicles 19:5 -
Then there went [certain], and told David how the men were served. And he sent
to meet them: for the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, Tarry at Jericho until
your beards be grown, and [then] return.
Deuteronomy 34:1 -
And Moses went up from the plains of Moab unto the mountain of Nebo, to the top
of Pisgah, that [is] over against Jericho.
And the LORD shewed him all the land of Gilead, unto Dan,
Joshua 2:1 -
And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying,
Go view the land, even Jericho.
And they went, and came into an harlot's house, named Rahab, and lodged there.
2 Samuel 10:5 -
When they told [it] unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were
greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho
until your beards be grown, and [then] return.
Numbers 34:15 -
The two tribes and the half tribe have received their inheritance on this side
toward the sunrising.
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