B15 on the Map.
Edom in Smiths
Bible Dictionary (red). The name Edom was given to Esau, the first-born son of
Isaac and twin brother of Jacob, when he sold his birthright to the latter for a
meal of lentil pottage. The country which the Lord subsequently gave to Esau was
hence called "the country of Edom," Ge 32:3 and his descendants were called
Edomites. Edom was called Mount Seir and Idumea also. Edom was wholly a
mountainous country. It embraced the narrow mountainous tract (about 100 miles
long by 20 broad) extending along the eastern side of the Arabah from the
northern end of the Gulf of Elath to near the southern end of the Dead Sea. The
ancient capital of Edom was Bozrah (Buseireh). Sela (Petra) appears to have been
the principal stronghold in the days of Amaziah (B.C. 838). 2Ki 14:7 Elath and
Ezion-geber were the seaports. 2Sa 8:14; 1Ki 9:26 History. --Esau's bitter
hatred to his brother Jacob for fraudulently obtaining his blessing appears to
have been inherited by his latest posterity. The Edomites peremptorily refused
to permit the Israelites to pass through their land. Nu 20:18-21 For a period of
400 years we hear no more of the Edomites. They were then attacked and defeated
by Saul, 1Sa 14:47 and some forty years later by David. 2Sa 8:13,14 In the reign
of Jehoshaphat (B.c. 914) the Edomites attempted to invade Israel, but failed.
2Ch 20:22 They joined Nebuchadnezzar when that king besieged Jerusalem. For
their cruelty at this time they were fearfully denounced by the later prophets.
Isa 34:5-8; 63:1-4; Jer 49:17 After this they settled in southern Israel, and
for more than four centuries continued to prosper. But during the warlike rule
of the Maccabees they were again completely subdued, and even forced to conform
to Jewish laws and rites, and submit to the government of Jewish prefects. The
Edomites were now incorporated with the Jewish nation. They were idolaters. 2Ch
25:14,15,20 Their habits were singular. The Horites, their predecessors in Mount
Seir, were, as their name implies, troglodytes, or dwellers in caves; and the
Edomites seem to have adopted their dwellings as well as their country.
Everywhere we meet with caves and grottos hewn in the soft sandstone strata.
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Israel in the First Century
Maps are essential for any serious Bible study, they help students of the Scriptures understand the geographical locations and historical backgrounds of the places mentioned in the Bible.
Isaiah 34:6 -
The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, [and]
with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the
LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea.
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First Century Israel