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Court of the Gentiles

The central sanctuary was approached through a series of spacious outer courts, each court progressively more exclusive. The outermost was the COURT OF THE GENTILES, a huge rectangular area about 35 acres in size. It was paved with colored stones and enclosed by tall, stately columns. Visitors entered through a number of immense double and triple gates, which stood at intervals along the outer court. As its name suggests, the Court of the Gentiles was open to Gentiles as well as Jews, and it was usually crowded with people from many backgrounds and walks of life. On a typical day a visitor would encounter Jewish pilgrims from all over Palestine and the Roman Empire; merchants selling doves, young sheep and cattle for sacrifice; moneychangers converting foreign currency into Jewish shekels; Jewish scribes and rabbis discussing points of Mosaic law; and others simply passing the time of day.

At the center of the Court of the Gentiles stood a second enclosed compound, posted with signs in Greek and Latin warning: "No foreigner is allowed within the balustrades and embankment about the sanctuary. Whoever is caught will be personally responsible for his ensuing death."

It was therefore a serious accusation that was brought by the Jews of Asia Minor against Paul that he had brought Greeks into the Temple and had polluted the Holy Place (Acts 21:28)

The Court of the Gentiles
Table of Contents

Introduction
The Temple
The Court
The Warning
The Moneychangers
Jesus
Historical Sources
Dictionaries
Encyclopedias
Conclusion


The Court of the Gentiles

The Court of the Gentiles

Gal 4:4 "But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law"

The Court of the Gentiles was the outermost court in the Jerusalem Temple during the time of Jesus. No gentile or non-Jew could proceed any further into the inner temple areas, and even Roman citizenship did not protect a Gentile who intruded into prohibited areas.

Introduction

The Temple

The Court

The Warning

The Moneychangers

Jesus

Historical Sources

Dictionaries

Encyclopedias

Conclusion


Archaeology

Caiaphas

Chief Priests

Conclusion

Construction of the Temple

Court of the Gentiles

Dictionaries

Easton's Bible Dictionary

Edersheim

Encyclopedias

Gentiles

Herod the Great

Historical Sources

Interpreted Text

Introduction

Israel

Jerusalem

Jerusalem City

Jesus and the Temple

Modern Jerusalem Photo

Money Changers

Naves Topical Bible

Overview

pop Antonia Fortress

pop Bridge Across Kidron Valley

pop Court of the Gentiles

pop Court of the Women

pop East Gate

pop Nicanor Gate

pop Pool of Israel

pop Royal Stoa

pop Solomon's Porch

pop Temple

pop The Court of Israel

pop The Sanctuary

pop Western Wall

Sadducees

Sanhedrin

Scribes

Scriptures

Smith's Bible Dictionary

Soreg Inscription

Interpreted Text

The Columbia Encyclopedia

The Court of the Gentiles

The Court of the Priests

The Eastern Gate and Prophecy

The Fortress of Antonia

The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

The Population

The Temple

Warning Inscription

The Court of the Gentiles

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The Court of the Gentiles

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