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The Court of the GentilesIndex to The Court of the Gentiles

Herod's palace fortress, named the Antonia for his benefactor Mark Antony was the place Jesus may have been tried before Pontius Pilate. In Jesus' time a battalion of Roman soldiers were stationed there. It was northwest of the Temple area. Along the northern side of the temple courtyard on a high hill stood the massive palace - fortress of Antonia, another of Herod's landmarks. A stairway and an underground passageway connected the Antonia with the Court of the Gentiles, and the 600 soldiers stationed there were always on the alert for disturbances in the temple precincts. The precious ceremonial robes of the high priest were kept in one of its four guard towers and were released only on important religious feast days. The Romans had taken custody of the garments as a precautionary measure. Realizing the tremendous power of the high priest's office, they sought to limit it by restricting the use of the robes, which symbolized its authority. In the century before the Roman occupation in 63 BC, the king of Israel had also been the high priest and both offices had been hereditary. The Romans had abolished the kingship and had made the office of high priest appointive, always subject to their approval. Nonetheless, in Jesus' day the high priest remained the most powerful figure in the Jewish nation.

The Court of the Gentiles
Table of Contents

Introduction
The Temple
The Court
The Warning
The Moneychangers
Jesus
Historical Sources
Dictionaries
Encyclopedias
Conclusion


The Court of the Gentiles

The Court of the Gentiles

Gal 4:4 "But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law"

The Court of the Gentiles was the outermost court in the Jerusalem Temple during the time of Jesus. No gentile or non-Jew could proceed any further into the inner temple areas, and even Roman citizenship did not protect a Gentile who intruded into prohibited areas.

Introduction

The Temple

The Court

The Warning

The Moneychangers

Jesus

Historical Sources

Dictionaries

Encyclopedias

Conclusion


Archaeology

Caiaphas

Chief Priests

Conclusion

Construction of the Temple

Court of the Gentiles

Dictionaries

Easton's Bible Dictionary

Edersheim

Encyclopedias

Gentiles

Herod the Great

Historical Sources

Interpreted Text

Introduction

Israel

Jerusalem

Jerusalem City

Jesus and the Temple

Modern Jerusalem Photo

Money Changers

Naves Topical Bible

Overview

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Sadducees

Sanhedrin

Scribes

Scriptures

Smith's Bible Dictionary

Soreg Inscription

Interpreted Text

The Columbia Encyclopedia

The Court of the Gentiles

The Court of the Priests

The Eastern Gate and Prophecy

The Fortress of Antonia

The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

The Population

The Temple

Warning Inscription

The Court of the Gentiles

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The Court of the Gentiles

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