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JERUSALEM The etymology of the name is not certain; it is apparently of Semitic origin. An Egyptian notice from the third quarter of the nineteenth century B.C. mentions Urusalimum. The Assyrians called it Ursalimmu. Modern scholars take these names to mean "founded by the god Shalem," a god of the Amorites (Jerusalem is said to have been founded by Amorites and Hittites; (Ezek 16:3,45).

In time, however, the second part of the name became associated with shalom ("peace") in Hebrew minds, and Jerusalem came to mean "city of peace." Romans and Greeks called it Hierosolyma. To the Arabs it is El Kuds, meaning "holy town."

The first city of Israel, and the "holy city" for three great world religions: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.

The "holy city" is located fourteen miles W of the Dead Sea, thirty-three miles E of the Mediterranean. Bethlehem lies about five miles to the SE. The city is situated on an uneven rocky plateau at an elevation of 2,550 feet. It is 3,800 feet above the level of the Dead Sea. It is poetically called "beautiful in elevation, the joy of the whole earth" (Ps 48:2). Its location has helped to give it prestige.

Jerusalem stands at a point where three steep-sided little wadis join to form one valley. They are the Kidron, Tyropoeon, and Hinnom valleys. The Kidron runs N and S and lies on the E of the city. Between it and the Tyropoeon Valley (also N-S) a long, narrow spur extends southward; on this stood the Jebusite town conquered by David. Then a western hill (now known as Zion) stands between the Tyropoeon and the Hinnom, which runs N and S and then curves in an easterly direction to join the other two valleys. To the E of the Kidron rises the Mount of Olives.

The Court of the Gentiles
Table of Contents

Introduction
The Temple
The Court
The Warning
The Moneychangers
Jesus
Historical Sources
Dictionaries
Encyclopedias
Conclusion


The Court of the Gentiles

The Court of the Gentiles

Gal 4:4 "But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law"

The Court of the Gentiles was the outermost court in the Jerusalem Temple during the time of Jesus. No gentile or non-Jew could proceed any further into the inner temple areas, and even Roman citizenship did not protect a Gentile who intruded into prohibited areas.

Introduction

The Temple

The Court

The Warning

The Moneychangers

Jesus

Historical Sources

Dictionaries

Encyclopedias

Conclusion


Archaeology

Caiaphas

Chief Priests

Conclusion

Construction of the Temple

Court of the Gentiles

Dictionaries

Easton's Bible Dictionary

Edersheim

Encyclopedias

Gentiles

Herod the Great

Historical Sources

Interpreted Text

Introduction

Israel

Jerusalem

Jerusalem City

Jesus and the Temple

Modern Jerusalem Photo

Money Changers

Naves Topical Bible

Overview

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Sadducees

Sanhedrin

Scribes

Scriptures

Smith's Bible Dictionary

Soreg Inscription

Interpreted Text

The Columbia Encyclopedia

The Court of the Gentiles

The Court of the Priests

The Eastern Gate and Prophecy

The Fortress of Antonia

The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

The Population

The Temple

Warning Inscription

The Court of the Gentiles

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The Court of the Gentiles

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