The Gentile Court
The Court of the GentilesIndex to The Court of the Gentiles

The Collonades

collonades.gifSurrounding the Court of the Gentiles were a series of "porches" or cloisters through which ran double rows of Corinthian pillars, each cut from marble and measuring 37 feet in height and covered by a flat roof. The entire court was paved with marble. The southern of these porches was known as "Solomonís Porch" (Acts 3:11). This court derived its name from the fact that Gentiles were permitted into this area provided they conducted themselves in a reverent manner. Gentiles were forbidden from the inner temple areas, and even Roman citizenship did not protect a Gentile who intruded into prohibited areas.

The Outer Courtyard

archpark_court.gif
This picture reveals just how large the Court of the Gentiles was. ArchPark, Israel

"The Temple Mount of Herod had the 500 by 500 cubit soreg designating the original outer court area. "At the end of the court was a soreg (a stone lattice work) which surrounded the consecrated area--the Temple Mount proper in the narrow mishnaic sense, i.e., the "500 cubits by 500 cubits" (Mid. 2:1). According to the Mishnah (Mid. 2:3) the height of the soreg was 10 handbreadths (70 cm. = 28 in.), but Josephus states that it was 3 cubits (1.5 m. = 5 ft.); this latter measurement seems more appropriate for a fence to which were attached plaques written in Greek and Latin forbidding gentiles to pass that point on pain of death. Remains of these inscriptions bearing the Greek text (one complete plaque and one partly preserved) have been discovered in Jerusalem (in 1870 and 1936). Beyond the soreg were 14 steps and then the hel [Chayl] ("rampart"), which was 10 cubits (5 m. = 17 ft.) broad (Mid. 2:3; Wars 5:195-7). Beyond the hel [Chayl] were the wall of the main forecourt (azarah), and the Court of the Women (ezrat nashim). In the outer court were the store-chambers for the shekels and the Temple vessels, and also "shofarot" (chests in the form of horns, i.e., narrow at the top, where the opening was, and wider lower down) for the donations (terumot) of the people (Shek. 2:1)."

[Encyclopaedia Judaica CD, "Temple, Second Temple, Structure, The Temple Square"; (x "the great court" - I Kings 7:12, 9; Ezekiel 42:15-20, 8)]

The Court of the Gentiles

The Court of the Gentiles

Gal 4:4 "But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law"

The Court of the Gentiles was the outermost court in the Jerusalem Temple during the time of Jesus. No gentile or non-Jew could proceed any further into the inner temple areas, and even Roman citizenship did not protect a Gentile who intruded into prohibited areas.

Introduction

The Temple

The Court

The Warning

The Moneychangers

Jesus

Historical Sources

Dictionaries

Encyclopedias

Conclusion


Archaeology

Caiaphas

Chief Priests

Conclusion

Construction of the Temple

Court of the Gentiles

Dictionaries

Easton's Bible Dictionary

Edersheim

Encyclopedias

Gentiles

Herod the Great

Historical Sources

Interpreted Text

Introduction

Israel

Jerusalem

Jerusalem City

Jesus and the Temple

Modern Jerusalem Photo

Money Changers

Naves Topical Bible

Overview

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pop Court of the Women

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pop Pool of Israel

pop Royal Stoa

pop Solomon's Porch

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Sadducees

Sanhedrin

Scribes

Scriptures

Smith's Bible Dictionary

Soreg Inscription

Interpreted Text

The Columbia Encyclopedia

The Court of the Gentiles

The Court of the Priests

The Eastern Gate and Prophecy

The Fortress of Antonia

The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

The Population

The Temple

Warning Inscription

The Court of the Gentiles

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The Court of the Gentiles

Bible History Online

The Story of the Bible


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Related Content

The Court of the Gentiles
Table of Contents

Introduction
The Temple
The Court
The Warning
The Moneychangers
Jesus
Historical Sources
Dictionaries
Encyclopedias
Conclusion