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Tiglath-Pileser III.
        or Tilgath-Pil-neser, the Assyrian throne-name of Pul (q.v.). He
        appears in the Assyrian records as gaining, in the fifth year of
        his reign (about B.C. 741), a victory over Azariah (= Uzziah in
        2 Chr.26:1), king of Judah, whose achievements are described in
        2 Chr. 26:6-15. He is first mentioned in Scripture, however, as
        gaining a victory over Pekah, king of Israel, and Rezin of
        Damascus, who were confederates. He put Rezin to death, and
        punished Pekah by taking a considerable portion of his kingdom,
        and carrying off (B.C. 734) a vast number of its inhabitants
        into captivity (2 Kings 15:29; 16:5-9; 1 Chr. 5:6, 26), the
        Reubenites, the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh whom he
        settled in Gozan. In the Assyrian annals it is further related
        that, before he returned from Syria, he held a court at
        Damascus, and received submission and tribute from the
        neighbouring kings, among whom were Pekah of Samaria and
        "Yahu-khazi [i.e., Ahaz], king of Judah" (compare 2 Kings
        He was the founder of what is called "the second Assyrian
        empire," an empire meant to embrace the whole world, the centre
        of which should be Nineveh. He died B.C. 728, and was succeeded
        by a general of his army, Ulula, who assumed the name
        Shalmaneser IV.
Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Tiglath-Pileser III.' Eastons Bible Dictionary". - Eastons; 1897.

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