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Sennacherib
        Sin (the god) sends many brothers, son of Sargon, whom he
        succeeded on the throne of Assyria (B.C. 705), in the 23rd year
        of Hezekiah. "Like the Persian Xerxes, he was weak and
        vainglorious, cowardly under reverse, and cruel and boastful in
        success." He first set himself to break up the powerful
        combination of princes who were in league against him. Among
        these was Hezekiah, who had entered into an alliance with Egypt
        against Assyria. He accordingly led a very powerful army of at
        least 200,000 men into Judea, and devastated the land on every
        side, taking and destroying many cities (2 Kings 18:13-16; compare
        Isa. 22, 24, 29, and 2 Chr. 32:1-8). His own account of this
        invasion, as given in the Assyrian annals, is in these words:
        "Because Hezekiah, king of Judah, would not submit to my yoke, I
        came up against him, and by force of arms and by the might of my
        power I took forty-six of his strong fenced cities; and of the
        smaller towns which were scattered about, I took and plundered a
        countless number. From these places I took and carried off
        200,156 persons, old and young, male and female, together with
        horses and mules, asses and camels, oxen and sheep, a countless
        multitude; and Hezekiah himself I shut up in Jerusalem, his
        capital city, like a bird in a cage, building towers round the
        city to hem him in, and raising banks of earth against the
        gates, so as to prevent escape...Then upon Hezekiah there fell
        the fear of the power of my arms, and he sent out to me the
        chiefs and the elders of Jerusalem with 30 talents of gold and
        800 talents of silver, and divers treasures, a rich and immense
        booty...All these things were brought to me at Nineveh, the seat
        of my government." (Compare Isa. 22:1-13 for description of the
        feelings of the inhabitants of Jerusalem at such a crisis.)
        Hezekiah was not disposed to become an Assyrian feudatory. He
        accordingly at once sought help from Egypt (2 Kings 18:20-24).
        Sennacherib, hearing of this, marched a second time into
        Israel (2 Kings 18:17, 37; 19; 2 Chr. 32:9-23; Isa. 36:2-22.
        Isa. 37:25 should be rendered "dried up all the Nile-arms of
        Matsor," i.e., of Egypt, so called from the "Matsor" or great
        fortification across the isthmus of Suez, which protected it
        from invasions from the east). Sennacherib sent envoys to try to
        persuade Hezekiah to surrender, but in vain. (See TIRHAKAH
        19:10-14), which Hezekiah carried into the temple and spread
        before the Lord. Isaiah again brought an encouraging message to
        the pious king (2 Kings 19:20-34). "In that night" the angel of
        the Lord went forth and smote the camp of the Assyrians. In the
        morning, "behold, they were all dead corpses." The Assyrian army
        was annihilated.
        This great disaster is not, as was to be expected, taken
        notice of in the Assyrian annals.
        Though Sennacherib survived this disaster some twenty years,
        he never again renewed his attempt against Jerusalem. He was
        murdered by two of his own sons (Adrammelech and Sharezer), and
        was succeeded by another son, Esarhaddon (B.C. 681), after a
        reign of twenty-four years.
Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Sennacherib' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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