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Sargon
        (In the inscriptions, "Sarra-yukin" [the god] has appointed the
        king; also "Sarru-kinu," the legitimate king.) On the death of
        Shalmaneser (B.C. 723), one of the Assyrian generals established
        himself on the vacant throne, taking the name of "Sargon," after
        that of the famous monarch, the Sargon of Accad, founder of the
        first Semitic empire, as well as of one of the most famous
        libraries of Chaldea. He forthwith began a conquering career,
        and became one of the most powerful of the Assyrian monarchs. He
        is mentioned by name in the Bible only in connection with the
        siege of Ashdod (Isa. 20:1).
        At the very beginning of his reign he besieged and took the
        city of Samaria (2 Kings 17:6; 18:9-12). On an inscription found
        in the palace he built at Khorsabad, near Nieveh, he says, "The
        city of Samaria I besieged, I took; 27,280 of its inhabitants I
        carried away; fifty chariots that were among them I collected,"
        etc. The northern kingdom he changed into an Assyrian satrapy.
        He afterwards drove Merodach-baladan (q.v.), who kept him at bay
        for twelve years, out of Babylon, which he entered in triumph.
        By a succession of victories he gradually enlarged and
        consolidated the empire, which now extended from the frontiers
        of Egypt in the west to the mountains of Elam in the east, and
        thus carried almost to completion the ambitious designs of
        Tiglath-pileser (q.v.). He was murdered by one of his own
        soldiers (B.C. 705) in his palace at Khorsabad, after a reign of
        sixteen years, and was succeeded by his son Sennacherib.
Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Sargon' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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