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Easton's Bible Dictionary

 

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River
        (1.) Heb. 'aphik, properly the channel or ravine that holds
        water (2 Sam. 22:16), translated "brook," "river," "stream," but
        not necessarily a perennial stream (Ezek. 6:3; 31:12; 32:6;
        34:13).
        (2.) Heb. nahal, in winter a "torrent," in summer a "wady" or
        valley (Gen. 32:23; Deut. 2:24; 3:16; Isa. 30:28; Lam. 2:18;
        Ezek. 47:9).
        These winter torrents sometimes come down with great
        suddenness and with desolating force. A distinguished traveller
        thus describes his experience in this matter:, "I was encamped
        in Wady Feiran, near the base of Jebel Serbal, when a tremendous
        thunderstorm burst upon us. After little more than an hour's
        rain, the water rose so rapidly in the previously dry wady that
        I had to run for my life, and with great difficulty succeeded in
        saving my tent and goods; my boots, which I had not time to pick
        up, were washed away. In less than two hours a dry desert wady
        upwards of 300 yards broad was turned into a foaming torrent
        from 8 to 10 feet deep, roaring and tearing down and bearing
        everything upon it, tangled masses of tamarisks, hundreds of
        beautiful palmtrees, scores of sheep and goats, camels and
        donkeys, and even men, women, and children, for a whole
        encampment of Arabs was washed away a few miles above me. The
        storm commenced at five in the evening; at half-past nine the
        waters were rapidly subsiding, and it was evident that the flood
        had spent its force." (Comp. Matt. 7:27; Luke 6:49.)
        (3.) Nahar, a "river" continuous and full, a perennial stream,
        as the Jordan, the Euphrates (Gen. 2:10; 15:18; Deut. 1:7; Ps.
        66:6; Ezek. 10:15).
        (4.) Tel'alah, a conduit, or water-course (1 Kings 18:32; 2
        Kings 18:17; 20:20; Job 38:25; Ezek. 31:4).
        (5.) Peleg, properly "waters divided", i.e., streams divided,
        throughout the land (Ps. 1:3); "the rivers [i.e., 'divisions']
        of waters" (Job 20:17; 29:6; Prov. 5:16).
        (6.) Ye'or, i.e., "great river", probably from an Egyptian
        word (Aur), commonly applied to the Nile (Gen. 41:1-3), but also
        to other rivers (Job 28:10; Isa. 33:21).
        (7.) Yubhal, "a river" (Jer. 17:8), a full flowing stream.
        (8.) 'Ubhal, "a river" (Dan. 8:2).

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'River' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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