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Easton's Bible Dictionary

 

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Phylacteries
        (Gr. phulakteria; i.e., "defences" or "protections"), called by
        modern Jews tephillin (i.e., "prayers") are mentioned only in
        Matt. 23:5. They consisted of strips of parchment on which were
        inscribed these four texts: (1.) Ex. 13:1-10; (2.) 11-16; (3.)
        Deut. 6:4-9; (4.) 11:18-21, and which were enclosed in a square
        leather case, on one side of which was inscribed the Hebrew
        letter shin, to which the rabbis attached some significance.
        This case was fastened by certain straps to the forehead just
        between the eyes. The "making broad the phylacteries" refers to
        the enlarging of the case so as to make it conspicuous. (See
        FRONTLETS T0001386.)
        Another form of the phylactery consisted of two rolls of
        parchment, on which the same texts were written, enclosed in a
        case of black calfskin. This was worn on the left arm near the
        elbow, to which it was bound by a thong. It was called the
        "Tephillah on the arm."

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Phylacteries' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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