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Persia
        an ancient empire, extending from the Indus to Thrace, and from
        the Caspian Sea to the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. The
        Persians were originally a Medic tribe which settled in Persia,
        on the eastern side of the Persian Gulf. They were Aryans, their
        language belonging to the eastern division of the Indo-European
        group. One of their chiefs, Teispes, conquered Elam in the time
        of the decay of the Assyrian Empire, and established himself in
        the district of Anzan. His descendants branched off into two
        lines, one line ruling in Anzan, while the other remained in
        Persia. Cyrus II., king of Anzan, finally united the divided
        power, conquered Media, Lydia, and Babylonia, and carried his
        arms into the far East. His son, Cambyses, added Egypt to the
        empire, which, however, fell to pieces after his death. It was
        reconquered and thoroughly organized by Darius, the son of
        Hystaspes, whose dominions extended from India to the Danube.
Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Persia' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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