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Easton's Bible Dictionary

 

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Myrrh
        Heb. mor. (1.) First mentioned as a principal ingredient in the
        holy anointing oil (Ex. 30:23). It formed part of the gifts
        brought by the wise men from the east, who came to worship the
        infant Jesus (Matt. 2:11). It was used in embalming (John
        19:39), also as a perfume (Esther 2:12; Ps. 45:8; Prov. 7:17).
        It was a custom of the Jews to give those who were condemned to
        death by crucifixion "wine mingled with myrrh" to produce
        insensibility. This drugged wine was probably partaken of by the
        two malefactors, but when the Roman soldiers pressed it upon
        Jesus "he received it not" (Mark 15:23). (See GALL T0001419.)
        This was the gum or viscid white liquid which flows from a
        tree resembling the acacia, found in Africa and Arabia, the
        Balsamodendron myrrha of botanists. The "bundle of myrrh" in
        Cant. 1:13 is rather a "bag" of myrrh or a scent-bag.
        (2.) Another word _lot_ is also translated "myrrh" (Gen.
        37:25; 43:11; R.V., marg., "or ladanum"). What was meant by this
        word is uncertain. It has been thought to be the chestnut,
        mastich, stacte, balsam, turpentine, pistachio nut, or the
        lotus. It is probably correctly rendered by the Latin word
        ladanum, the Arabic ladan, an aromatic juice of a shrub called
        the Cistus or rock rose, which has the same qualities, though in
        a slight degree, of opium, whence a decoction of opium is called
        laudanum. This plant was indigenous to Syria and Arabia.

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Myrrh' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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