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Easton's Bible Dictionary

 

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Marble
        as a mineral, consists of carbonate of lime, its texture varying
        from the highly crystalline to the compact. In Esther 1:6 there
        are four Hebrew words which are rendered marble:, (1.) Shesh,
        "pillars of marble." But this word probably designates dark-blue
        limestone rather than marble. (2.) Dar, some regard as Parian
        marble. It is here rendered "white marble." But nothing is
        certainly known of it. (3.) Bahat, "red marble," probably the
        verd-antique or half-porphyry of Egypt. (4.) Sohareth, "black
        marble," probably some spotted variety of marble. "The marble
        pillars and tesserae of various colours of the palace at Susa
        came doubtless from Persia itself, where marble of various
        colours is found, especially in the province of Hamadan
        Susiana." The marble of Solomon's architectural works may have
        been limestone from near Jerusalem, or from Lebanon, or possibly
        white marble from Arabia. Herod employed Parian marble in the
        temple, and marble columns still exist in great abundance at
        Jerusalem.

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Marble' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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