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Lachish
        impregnable, a royal Canaanite city in the Shephelah, or
        maritime plain of Israel (Josh. 10:3, 5; 12:11). It was taken
        and destroyed by the Israelites (Josh. 10:31-33). It afterwards
        became, under Rehoboam, one of the strongest fortresses of Judah
        (2 Chr. 10:9). It was assaulted and probably taken by
        Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:14, 17; 19:8; Isa. 36:2). An account of
        this siege is given on some slabs found in the chambers of the
        palace of Koyunjik, and now in the British Museum. The
        inscription has been deciphered as follows:, "Sennacherib, the
        mighty king, king of the country of Assyria, sitting on the
        throne of judgment before the city of Lachish: I gave permission
        for its slaughter." (See NINEVEH T0002735.)
        Lachish has been identified with Tell-el-Hesy, where a
        cuneiform tablet has been found, containing a letter supposed to
        be from Amenophis at Amarna in reply to one of the Amarna
        tablets sent by Zimrida from Lachish. This letter is from the
        chief of Atim (=Etam, 1 Chr. 4:32) to the chief of Lachish, in
        which the writer expresses great alarm at the approach of
        marauders from the Hebron hills. "They have entered the land,"
        he says, "to lay waste...strong is he who has come down. He lays
        waste." This letter shows that "the communication by tablets in
        cuneiform script was not only usual in writing to Egypt, but in
        the internal correspondence of the country. The letter, though
        not so important in some ways as the Moabite stone and the
        Siloam text, is one of the most valuable discoveries ever made
        in Israel" (Conder's Tell Amarna Tablets, p. 134).
        Excavations at Lachish are still going on, and among other
        discoveries is that of an iron blast-furnace, with slag and
        ashes, which is supposed to have existed B.C. 1500. If the
        theories of experts are correct, the use of the hot-air blast
        instead of cold air (an improvement in iron manufacture patented
        by Neilson in 1828) was known fifteen hundred years before
        Christ. (See FURNACE T0001398.)
Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Lachish' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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