Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
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        Jehovah is his help, or Jehovah the Saviour. The son of Nun, of
        the tribe of Ephraim, the successor of Moses as the leader of
        Israel. He is called Jehoshua in Num. 13:16 (A.V.), and Jesus in
        Acts 7:45 and Heb. 4:8 (R.V., Joshua).
        He was born in Egypt, and was probably of the age of Caleb,
        with whom he is generally associated. He shared in all the
        events of the Exodus, and held the place of commander of the
        host of the Israelites at their great battle against the
        Amalekites in Rephidim (Ex. 17:8-16). He became Moses' minister
        or servant, and accompanied him part of the way when he ascended
        Mount Sinai to receive the two tables (Ex. 32:17). He was also
        one of the twelve who were sent on by Moses to explore the land
        of Canaan (Num. 13:16, 17), and only he and Caleb gave an
        encouraging report. Under the direction of God, Moses, before
        his death, invested Joshua in a public and solemn manner with
        authority over the people as his successor (Deut. 31:23). The
        people were encamped at Shittim when he assumed the command
        (Josh. 1:1); and crossing the Jordan, they encamped at Gilgal,
        where, having circumcised the people, he kept the Passover, and
        was visited by the Captain of the Lord's host, who spoke to him
        encouraging words (1:1-9).
        Now began the wars of conquest which Joshua carried on for
        many years, the record of which is in the book which bears his
        name. Six nations and thirty-one kings were conquered by him
        (Josh. 11:18-23; 12:24). Having thus subdued the Canaanites,
        Joshua divided the land among the tribes, Timnath-serah in Mount
        Ephraim being assigned to himself as his own inheritance. (See
        SHILOH T0003375; PRIEST T0003001.)
        His work being done, he died, at the age of one hundred and
        ten years, twenty-five years after having crossed the Jordan. He
        was buried in his own city of Timnath-serah (Josh. 24); and "the
        light of Israel for the time faded away."
        Joshua has been regarded as a type of Christ (Heb. 4:8) in the
        following particulars: (1) In the name common to both; (2)
        Joshua brings the people into the possession of the Promised
        Land, as Jesus brings his people to the heavenly Canaan; and (3)
        as Joshua succeeded Moses, so the Gospel succeeds the Law.
        The character of Joshua is thus well sketched by Edersheim:,
        "Born a slave in Egypt, he must have been about forty years old
        at the time of the Exodus. Attached to the person of Moses, he
        led Israel in the first decisive battle against Amalek (Ex.
        17:9, 13), while Moses in the prayer of faith held up to heaven
        the God-given 'rod.' It was no doubt on that occasion that his
        name was changed from Oshea, 'help,' to Jehoshua, 'Jehovah is
        help' (Num. 13:16). And this name is the key to his life and
        work. Alike in bringing the people into Canaan, in his wars, and
        in the distribution of the land among the tribes, from the
        miraculous crossing of Jordan and taking of Jericho to his last
        address, he was the embodiment of his new name, 'Jehovah is
        help.' To this outward calling his character also corresponded.
        It is marked by singleness of purpose, directness, and
        decision...He sets an object before him, and unswervingly
        follows it" (Bible Hist., iii. 103)
Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Joshua' Eastons Bible Dictionary". - Eastons; 1897.

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