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Easton's Bible Dictionary

 

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Heart
        According to the Bible, the heart is the centre not only of
        spiritual activity, but of all the operations of human life.
        "Heart" and "soul" are often used interchangeably (Deut. 6:5;
        26:16; comp. Matt. 22:37; Mark 12:30, 33), but this is not
        generally the case.
        The heart is the "home of the personal life," and hence a man
        is designated, according to his heart, wise (1 Kings 3:12,
        etc.), pure (Ps. 24:4; Matt. 5:8, etc.), upright and righteous
        (Gen. 20:5, 6; Ps. 11:2; 78:72), pious and good (Luke 8:15),
        etc. In these and such passages the word "soul" could not be
        substituted for "heart."
        The heart is also the seat of the conscience (Rom. 2:15). It
        is naturally wicked (Gen. 8:21), and hence it contaminates the
        whole life and character (Matt. 12:34; 15:18; comp. Eccl. 8:11;
        Ps. 73:7). Hence the heart must be changed, regenerated (Ezek.
        36:26; 11:19; Ps. 51:10-14), before a man can willingly obey
        God.
        The process of salvation begins in the heart by the believing
        reception of the testimony of God, while the rejection of that
        testimony hardens the heart (Ps. 95:8; Prov. 28:14; 2 Chr.
        36:13). "Hardness of heart evidences itself by light views of
        sin; partial acknowledgment and confession of it; pride and
        conceit; ingratitude; unconcern about the word and ordinances of
        God; inattention to divine providences; stifling convictions of
        conscience; shunning reproof; presumption, and general ignorance
        of divine things."

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Heart' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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