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Easton's Bible Dictionary

 

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Hadadezer
        Hadad is help; called also Hadarezer, Adod is his help, the king
        of Zobah. Hanun, the king of the Ammonites, hired among others
        the army of Hadadezer to assist him in his war against David.
        Joab, who was sent against this confederate host, found them in
        double battle array, the Ammonities toward their capital of
        Rabbah, and the Syrian mercenaries near Medeba. In the battle
        which was fought the Syrians were scattered, and the Ammonites
        in alarm fled into their capital. After this Hadadezer went
        north "to recover his border" (2 Sam. 8:3, A.V.); but rather, as
        the Revised Version renders, "to recover his dominion", i.e., to
        recruit his forces. Then followed another battle with the Syrian
        army thus recruited, which resulted in its being totally routed
        at Helam (2 Sam. 10:17). Shobach, the leader of the Syrian army,
        died on the field of battle. The Syrians of Damascus, who had
        come to help Hadadezer, were also routed, and Damascus was made
        tributary to David. All the spoils taken in this war, "shields
        of gold" and "very much brass," from which afterwards the
        "brasen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass" for the
        temple were made (1 Chr. 18:8), were brought to Jerusalem and
        dedicated to Jehovah. Thus the power of the Ammonites and the
        Syrians was finally broken, and David's empire extended to the
        Euphrates (2 Sam. 10:15-19; 1 Chr. 19:15-19).

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Hadadezer' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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