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Easton's Bible Dictionary

 

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Gilead, Balm of
        The region of Gilead abounded in spices and aromatic gums, which
        were exported to Egypt and Tyre (Gen. 37:25; Jer. 8:22; 46:11;
        Ezek. 27:17). The word "balm" is a contracted form of "balsam,"
        a word derived from the Greek _balsamon_, which was adopted as
        the representative of the Hebrew words _baal shemen_, meaning
        "lord" or "chief of oils."
        The Hebrew name of this balm was _tsori_. The tree yielding
        this medicinal oil was probably the Balsamodendron opobalsamum
        of botanists, and the Amyris opobalsamum of Linnaeus. It is an
        evergreen, rising to the height of about 14 feet. The oil or
        resin, exuding through an orifice made in its bark in very small
        quantities, is esteemed of great value for its supposed
        medicinal qualities. (See BALM T0000427.) It may be noted that
        Coverdale's version reads in Jer. 8:22, "There is no triacle in
        Galaad." The word "triacle" = "treacle" is used in the sense of
        ointment.

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Gilead, Balm of' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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