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        (1.) Heb. nephilim, meaning "violent" or "causing to fall" (Gen.
        6:4). These were the violent tyrants of those days, those who
        fell upon others. The word may also be derived from a root
        signifying "wonder," and hence "monsters" or "prodigies." In
        Num. 13:33 this name is given to a Canaanite tribe, a race of
        large stature, "the sons of Anak." The Revised Version, in these
        passages, simply transliterates the original, and reads
        (2.) Heb. rephaim, a race of giants (Deut. 3:11) who lived on
        the east of Jordan, from whom Og was descended. They were
        probably the original inhabitants of the land before the
        immigration of the Canaanites. They were conquered by
        Chedorlaomer (Gen. 14:5), and their territories were promised as
        a possession to Abraham (15:20). The Anakim, Zuzim, and Emim
        were branches of this stock.
        In Job 26:5 (R.V., "they that are deceased;" marg., "the
        shades," the "Rephaim") and Isa. 14:9 this Hebrew word is
        rendered (A.V.) "dead." It means here "the shades," the departed
        spirits in Sheol. In Sam. 21:16, 18, 20, 33, "the giant" is
        (A.V.) the rendering of the singular form "ha raphah", which may
        possibly be the name of the father of the four giants referred
        to here, or of the founder of the Rephaim. The Vulgate here
        reads "Arapha," whence Milton (in Samson Agonistes) has borrowed
        the name "Harapha." (See also 1 Chron. 20:5, 6, 8; Deut. 2:11,
        20; 3:13; Josh. 15:8, etc., where the word is similarly rendered
        "giant.") It is rendered "dead" in (A.V.) Ps. 88:10; Prov. 2:18;
        9:18; 21:16: in all these places the Revised Version marg. has
        "the shades." (See also Isa. 26:14.)
        (3.) Heb. 'Anakim (Deut. 2:10, 11, 21; Josh. 11:21, 22; 14:12,
        15; called "sons of Anak," Num. 13:33; "children of Anak,"
        13:22; Josh. 15:14), a nomad race of giants descended from Arba
        (Josh. 14:15), the father of Anak, that dwelt in the south of
        Israel near Hebron (Gen. 23:2; Josh. 15:13). They were a
        Cushite tribe of the same race as the Philistines and the
        Egyptian shepherd kings. David on several occasions encountered
        them (2 Sam. 21:15-22). From this race sprung Goliath (1 Sam.
        (4.) Heb. 'emin, a warlike tribe of the ancient Canaanites.
        They were "great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims" (Gen.
        14:5; Deut. 2:10, 11).
        (5.) Heb. Zamzummim (q.v.), Deut. 2:20 so called by the
        (6.) Heb. gibbor (Job 16:14), a mighty one, i.e., a champion
        or hero. In its plural form (gibborim) it is rendered "mighty
        men" (2 Sam. 23:8-39; 1 Kings 1:8; 1 Chr. 11:9-47; 29:24.) The
        band of six hundred whom David gathered around him when he was a
        fugitive were so designated. They were divided into three
        divisions of two hundred each, and thirty divisions of twenty
        each. The captians of the thirty divisions were called "the
        thirty," the captains of the two hundred "the three," and the
        captain over the whole was called "chief among the captains" (2
        Sam. 23:8). The sons born of the marriages mentioned in Gen. 6:4
        are also called by this Hebrew name.
Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Giants' Eastons Bible Dictionary". - Eastons; 1897.

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