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Easton's Bible Dictionary

 

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Fox
        (Heb. shu'al, a name derived from its digging or burrowing under
        ground), the Vulpes thaleb, or Syrian fox, the only species of
        this animal indigenous to Israel. It burrows, is silent and
        solitary in its habits, is destructive to vineyards, being a
        plunderer of ripe grapes (Cant. 2:15). The Vulpes Niloticus, or
        Egyptian dog-fox, and the Vulpes vulgaris, or common fox, are
        also found in Israel.
        The proverbial cunning of the fox is alluded to in Ezek. 13:4,
        and in Luke 13:32, where our Lord calls Herod "that fox." In
        Judg. 15:4, 5, the reference is in all probability to the
        jackal. The Hebrew word _shu'al_ through the Persian _schagal_
        becomes our jackal (Canis aureus), so that the word may bear
        that signification here. The reasons for preferring the
        rendering "jackal" are (1) that it is more easily caught than
        the fox; (2) that the fox is shy and suspicious, and flies
        mankind, while the jackal does not; and (3) that foxes are
        difficult, jackals comparatively easy, to treat in the way here
        described. Jackals hunt in large numbers, and are still very
        numerous in Southern Israel.

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Fox' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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