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Easton's Bible Dictionary


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        an upper garment, "an exterior tunic, wide and long, reaching to
        the ankles, but without sleeves" (Isa. 59:17). The word so
        rendered is elsewhere rendered "robe" or "mantle." It was worn
        by the high priest under the ephod (Ex. 28:31), by kings and
        others of rank (1 Sam. 15:27; Job 1:20; 2:12), and by women (2
        Sam. 13:18).
        The word translated "cloke", i.e., outer garment, in Matt.
        5:40 is in its plural form used of garments in general (Matt.
        17:2; 26:65). The cloak mentioned here and in Luke 6:29 was the
        Greek himation, Latin pallium, and consisted of a large square
        piece of wollen cloth fastened round the shoulders, like the
        abba of the Arabs. This could be taken by a creditor (Ex.
        22:26,27), but the coat or tunic (Gr. chiton) mentioned in Matt.
        5:40 could not.
        The cloak which Paul "left at Troas" (2 Tim. 4:13) was the
        Roman paenula, a thick upper garment used chiefly in travelling
        as a protection from the weather. Some, however, have supposed
        that what Paul meant was a travelling-bag. In the Syriac version
        the word used means a bookcase. (See Dress T0001076.)

Related Bible History

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Cloak' Eastons Bible Dictionary". - Eastons; 1897.

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