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Caiaphas
        the Jewish high priest (A.D. 27-36) at the beginning of our
        Lord's public ministry, in the reign of Tiberius (Luke 3:2), and
        also at the time of his condemnation and crucifixion (Matt.
        26:3,57; John 11:49; 18:13, 14). He held this office during the
        whole of Pilate's administration. His wife was the daughter of
        Annas, who had formerly been high priest, and was probably the
        vicar or deputy (Heb. sagan) of Caiaphas. He was of the sect of
        the Sadducees (Acts 5:17), and was a member of the council when
        he gave his opinion that Jesus should be put to death "for the
        people, and that the whole nation perish not" (John 11:50). In
        these words he unconsciously uttered a prophecy. "Like Saul, he
        was a prophet in spite of himself." Caiaphas had no power to
        inflict the punishment of death, and therefore Jesus was sent to
        Pilate, the Roman governor, that he might duly pronounce the
        sentence against him (Matt. 27:2; John 18:28). At a later period
        his hostility to the gospel is still manifest (Acts 4:6). (See
        ANNAS T0000246.)
Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Caiaphas' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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