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Easton's Bible Dictionary

 

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Apple
        (Heb. tappuah, meaning "fragrance"). Probably the apricot or
        quince is intended by the word, as Israel was too hot for the
        growth of apples proper. It is enumerated among the most
        valuable trees of Israel (Joel 1:12), and frequently referred
        to in Canticles, and noted for its beauty (2:3, 5; 8:5). There
        is nothing to show that it was the "tree of the knowledge of
        good and evil." Dr. Tristram has suggested that the apricot has
        better claims than any other fruit-tree to be the apple of
        Scripture. It grows to a height of 30 feet, has a roundish mass
        of glossy leaves, and bears an orange coloured fruit that gives
        out a delicious perfume. The "apple of the eye" is the Heb.
        _ishon_, meaning manikin, i.e., the pupil of the eye (Prov.
        7:2). (Comp. the promise, Zech. 2:8; the prayer, Ps. 17:8; and
        its fulfilment, Deut. 32:10.)
        The so-called "apple of Sodom" some have supposed to be the
        Solanum sanctum (Heb. hedek), rendered "brier" (q.v.) in Micah
        7:4, a thorny plant bearing fruit like the potato-apple. This
        shrub abounds in the Jordan valley. (See ENGEDI T0001207.)

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Apple' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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