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Timeline of Events Regarding the Fall of the Northern Kingdom
745 Tiglath-pileser III becomes king of Assyria742 Pekahiah becomes king of Israel
740 Pekah becomes king of Israel739 Uzziah dies; Isaiah begins to prophesy
739 Jotham becomes king of Judah736 Micah begins to prophesy
735 Ahaz becomes king of Judah732 Hoshea becomes king of Israel
727 Shalmaneser IV becomes king of Assyria722 Sargon II becomes king of Assyria Samaria falls;
722 The ten tribes of Israel go into captivity715 Hezekiah becomes king of Judah
705 Sennacherib becomes king of Assyria
742 Isaiah is a prophet in Judah till 700
740 Jonah is a prophet in Judah till 730
738 Assyria invades Phoenicia
737 Pekahiah becomes king of Israel till 736
736 Pekah becomes king of Israel till 732
735 Ahaz becomes king of Judah till 715
734 Tyre falls to Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria
733 Syracuse is founded on Sicily by the Greeks
732 Damascus city-state falls to Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria
732 Hoshea becomes king of Israel till 724
729 Tiglath-Pileser captures Babylon and reigns as king
725 King Midas rules over Phrygia
722 Sargon II of Assyria captures Samaria, the capital of Israel
722 The northern kingdom of Israel comes to an end.
722 Sargon II of Assyria deports 28,000 Israelites who become the "Ten Lost Tribes"
722 Micah is a prophet in Judah till 701
721 Chaldaeans enter Babylonia and compete for the Babylonian throne
721 Sargon II defeats the Urartians
720 Egypt reunited under Nubian (Ethiopian) rule (25th Dynasty)
715 Hezekiah becomes king of Judah till 687
710 The Assyrians destroy the kingdom of Chaldea
709 Phrygia becomes a tributary to Assyria
706 Tarentum is established in southern Italy by Sparta
705 Sennacherib becomes king of Assyria till 682
701 Sennacherib establishes his capital at Nineveh
701 Sennacherib begins his campaign on the west to Phoenicia
701 Sennacherib Devastates Northern Judah and Lachish
701 Assyrians invade and conquer most of Phoenicia
701 Sennacherib, king of Assyria besieges Jerusalem
701 The Assyrian army is smote by God
"Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them from His sight; there was none left but the tribe of Judah alone. . And the LORD rejected all the descendants of Israel, afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them from His sight." (The Book of 2 Kings)
When Your Enemies Are The Size Of Assyria - A Heart Message
Isa 10:5-7 "Woe to Assyria, the rod of My anger And the staff in whose hand is My indignation. I will send him against an ungodly nation, And against the people of My wrath I will give him charge, To seize the spoil, to take the prey, And to tread them down like the mire of the streets. Yet he does not mean so, Nor does his heart think so; But it is in his heart to destroy, And cut off not a few nations."
The Northern Kingdom consisted of 10 of the tribes (excluding Judah and Benjamin). It lasted for about 210 years until it was destroyed by Assyria in 722 BC. Its capital was Samaria. Every king of Israel was evil. In the northern kingdom there were 9 dynasties (family lines of kings) and 19 kings in all. An average of 11 years to a reign. 8 of these kings met death by violence.
The epitaph written over every one of its kings was:
I King 15:34 "and he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin by which he had made Israel to sin."
It was king Ahab who introduced Baal worship to them.
I King 16:30-33 "Now Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the LORD, more than all who were before him. And it came to pass, as though it had been a trivial thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took as wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal, king of the Sidonians; and he went and served Baal and worshiped him. Then he set up an altar for Baal in the temple of Baal, which he had built in Samaria. And Ahab made a wooden image. Ahab did more to provoke the LORD God of Israel to anger than all the kings of Israel who were before him."
The last king was Hoshea (2 Ki 17). The petty wars of the past, wars with Syria and Edom, Ammon and Philistia, were now to give way to war on an ominous new scale. A world empire was being gathered into the ruthless hands of the Assyrians. The ruthless and cruel Assyrians (under Sargon II) besieged Samaria for 3 years and finally it fell, Israel was doomed. The Assyrians hauled them away into captivity (722 BC).
But the Lord always reminded them of why judgment came:
II Ki 17:7-23 "For so it was that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, who had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and they had feared other gods, and had walked in the statutes of the nations whom the LORD had cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made.
Also the children of Israel secretly did against the LORD their God things that were not right, and they built for themselves high places in all their cities, from watchtower to fortified city. They set up for themselves sacred pillars and wooden images on every high hill and under every green tree. There they burned incense on all the high places, like the nations whom the LORD had carried away before them; and they did wicked things to provoke the LORD to anger, for they served idols, of which the LORD had said to them, "You shall not do this thing."
Yet the LORD testified against Israel and against Judah, by all of His prophets, every seer, saying, "Turn from your evil ways, and keep My commandments and My statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by My servants the prophets." Nevertheless they would not hear, but stiffened their necks, like the necks of their fathers, who did not believe in the LORD their God. And they rejected His statutes and His covenant that He had made with their fathers, and His testimonies which He had testified against them; they followed idols, became idolaters, and went after the nations who were all around them, concerning whom the LORD had charged them that they should not do like them.
So they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, made for themselves a molded image and two calves, made a wooden image and worshiped all the host of heaven, and served Baal. And they caused their sons and daughters to pass through the fire, practiced witchcraft and soothsaying, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke Him to anger.
Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them from His sight; there was none left but the tribe of Judah alone. . And the LORD rejected all the descendants of Israel, afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them from His sight. For He tore Israel from the house of David, and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king. Then Jeroboam drove Israel from following the LORD, and made them commit a great sin. For the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they did not depart from them, until the LORD removed Israel out of His sight, as He had said by all His servants the prophets. So Israel was carried away from their own land to Assyria, as it is to this day."
Charts and Information
Table of Contents
The Eighth Century BC
Tiglath Pileser III
King Menahem of Israel
Pekah Slays Pekahiah
The Syrian League
King Ahaz of Judah
Assyria Attacks Damascus
Assyria Attacks Israel
Israel is Deported
The 10 Lost Tribes of Israel
Plague of Lions
Kingdom of Judah